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Pairs of Angles

# Pairs of Angles

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07/15/2014

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PAIRS OF ANGLES
Ingeometry,certain pairs of angles can have special relationships. Using our knowledge ofacute, right, and obtuse angles, along with properties of parallel lines, we will begin to studythe relations between pairs of angles.
Complementary Angles
Two angles are complementary angles if their degree measurements add up to 90°. That is, ifwe attach both angles and fit them side by side (by putting the vertices and one side on topof each other), they will form a right angle. We can also say that one of the angles is thecomplement of the other.
Complementary anglesare angleswhose sumis 90°

Supplementary Angles
Anotherspecial pairof angles iscalled supplementary angles. One angle is said to be the supplement of the other if the sumof their degree measurements is 180°. In other words, if we put the angles side by side, theresult would be a straight line.
Supplementary angles are angles whose sum is 180°

Vertical Angles
Vertical angles are the angles opposite of each other at the intersection of two lines. Theyare called vertical angles because they share a common vertex. Vertical angles always haveequal measures.
∠
JKL and
∠
MKN are vertical angles. Another pair of verticalangles in the picture is
∠
JKM and
∠
LKN.

Alternate Interior Angles
Alternate interior angles are formed when there exists a transversal. They are the angles onopposite sides of the transversal, but inside the two lines the transversal intersects.Alternate interior angles are congruent to each other if (and only if) the two linesintersected by the transversal are parallel.An easy way of identifying alternate interiorangles is by drawing the letter "Z" (forwardsand backwards) on the lines as shown below.
In the figure on the left,
∠
∠
GHD arealternate interior angles. Note that
∠
CDH and
∠
EHD are also alternate interior angles. The figure on the right has alternate interior anglesthat are congruent because there is a set of parallel lines.
Alternate Exterior Angles
Similar to alternate interior angles, alternateexterior angles are also congruent to each other if(and only if) the two lines intersected by thetransversal are parallel. These angles are onopposite sides of the transversal, but outside thetwo lines the transversal intersects.
In the figure on the left,
∠
∠
GHF are alternate exterior angles. So are
∠
CDB and
∠
EHF.The figure on the left does not have alternate enterior angles that are congruent, but the figureon the right does.
Corresponding Angles
Corresponding angles are the pairs of angles on the same sideof the transversal and on corresponding sides of the twoother lines. These angles are equal in degree measure whenthe two lines intersected by the transversal are parallel.It may help to draw the letter "F" (forwards and backwards)in order to help identify corresponding angles. This method isillustrated below.
Drawing the letter "F" backwards helps us see that
∠
∠
EHF are corresponding angles.We have three other pairs of corresponding angles in this figure.
Now that we have familiarized ourselves with pairs of angles, let's practice applying some oftheir properties in the following exercises.

Segment BisectorDefinition of Segment Bisector

A Segment Bisector is a line or a ray or a segment that divides a line segment into twoequal parts.

A segment bisector always passes through the midpoint of a line segment.

If a segment bisector crosses the segment at 900, then it is called as perpendicularbisector of the segment.
Example of Segment Bisector

In the given figure, the line segment DE is the bisector of the segment AC as itintersects the line segment AC at its midpoint B.
Solved Example on Segment Bisector
What is the length of AB, if line
l
is the segment bisector and AO = 6 units?
Solution:

Step 1:
Line
l
divides AB into two equal parts and O is the midpoint of AB.[As the segment bisector passes through the midpoint of the segment.]
Step 2:
AB = 2(AO) = 2(6) = 12 [Substitute AO = 6.]
Step 3:
So, the length of AB is 12 units.
Angle BisectorsDefinition of Angle Bisector

Angle Bisector is a ray that divides an angle into two equal parts.

Angle bisector is also called the internal angle bisector.

Angle bisectors of a triangle intersect at a point called incenter of the triangle.

A line or a line segment can also be an angle bisector at times. For example, the anglebisectors of polygons are line segments.
Examples of Angle Bisector