the need for a mass rapid transitsystem
As cities grow in size, the number of vehicular trips on roadsystem goes up. This necessitates a pragmatic policy shift todiscourage private modes and encourage public transport.
Delhi has experienced phenomenal growth in population inthe last few decades. Its population has increased from 57lakhs (5.7M) in 1981 to > 120 lakhs (12 M) presently.
For want of an efficient mass transport system, the number
of motor vehicles has increased from 5.4 lakhs (540k) in
1981 to 40 lakhs (4M) by now.
The number of motor vehicles in Delhi is now more than thatof Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai put together. The result isextreme congestion on Delhi roads, ever slowing speeds,
increase in road accidents fuel wastage and environmental
pollution with motorized vehicles alone contributing toabout two thirds of the atmospheric pollution.