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Women Entrepreneurs in Pakistan

Women Entrepreneurs in Pakistan

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Published by Iqrar Khan

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Published by: Iqrar Khan on Jul 03, 2012
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Women entrepreneursin Pakistan
 How to improve their bargaining power 
byNabeel A. Goheer
InFocus Programme on Boosting Employmentthrough
evelopmentInternational Labour Office, GenevaandILO, IslamabadILO South Asia Advisory Team (SAAT), New Delhi
Copyright © International Labour Organization 2003First published 2003Publications of the International Labour Office enjoy copyright under Protocol 2 of the Universal Copyright Convention. Nevertheless, short excerpts from them may be reproduced without authorization, on condition that the source is indicated. For rights of reproduction or translation, application should be made to the Publications Bureau (Rights and Permissions),International Labour Office, CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland. The International Labour Office welcomes such applications.Libraries, institutions and other users registered in the United Kingdom with the Copyright Licensing Agency, 90 TottenhamCourt Road, London W1T 4LP [Fax: (+44) (0)20 7631 5500; e-mail: cla@cla.co.uk], in the United States with the CopyrightClearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923 [Fax: (+1) (978) 750 4470; e-mail: info@copyright.com] or inother countries with associated Reproduction Rights Organizations, may make photocopies in accordance with the licencesissued to them for this purpose.ILO
Women entrepreneurs in Pakistan: How to improve their bargaining power 
Geneva, International Labour Office, 2003ISBN 92-2-113628-0The designations employed in ILO publications, which are in conformity with United Nations practice, and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the International Labour Office concerningthe legal status of any country, area or territory or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers.The responsibility for opinions expressed in signed articles, studies and other contributions rests solely with their authors, and publication does not constitute an endorsement by the International Labour Office of the opinions expressed in them.Reference to names of firms and commercial products and processes does not imply their endorsement by the InternationalLabour Office, and any failure to mention a particular firm, commercial product or process is not a sign of disapproval.ILO publications can be obtained through major booksellers or ILO local offices in many countries, or direct from ILOPublications, International Labour Office, CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland. Catalogues or lists of new publications are availablefree of charge from the above address, or by email: pubvente@ilo.orgVisit our website: www.ilo.org/publnsPrinted in Pakistan
The International Labour Organization’s Area Office in Islamabad and the South AsiaAdvisory Team (ILO-SAAT) based in New Delhi, in association with its InFocus Programme onBoosting Employment through Small Enterprise Development (IFP/SEED), are pleased to publish thisreport on “
Women Entrepreneurs in Pakistan: How to improve their bargaining power” 
. This report presents information on an area that has hitherto not received much attention in Pakistan. The reporthighlights the constraints facing women entrepreneurs in business, reviews their operatingenvironment, describes the predominant gender inequalities, and most interestingly provides thenarrative stories of some 20 women selected from various economic backgrounds and familysituations.With reference to the economic recession in Pakistan, there is a pressing need to empower women economically and to create employment opportunities and income generating activities toenable them to survive, prosper and provide support for their families. For the development of women-to-women business potential, women entrepreneurs require support in the form of training instrategic business development, access to credit funds, and assistance with marketing skills, productdesign and development.The report’s recommendations can now be taken in association with those suggested by thekey stakeholders and women entrepreneurs who participated on the ILO’s workshop in Lahore onFebruary 15, 2002. Together, these recommendations are useful in mapping out ways and means for targeting and strengthening the capacity building of women entrepreneurs, formulating training andsupport packages, and providing training to women councillors at district and tehsil level. The Smalland Medium Enterprises Development Agency (SMEDA) and the First Women’s Bank Limited(FWBL) are also to be congratulated on the landmark achievement of opening SMEDA’s
First Women’s Desk 
in association with First Women’s Bank Limited, on the occasion of the celebration of the International Women’s Day on March 8, 2002.Mr. Nabeel Goheer and his team are to be congratulated for their persistent efforts in producing this valuable and interesting report which presents the results of the survey of 150 womenentrepreneurs, and provides a situational analysis for business environment for women entrepreneursin the three major cities of Islamabad, Rawalpindi and Lahore. This report would not have been possible without the valuable inputs and support from
Gerry Finnegan
, Senior Specialist inWomen’s Entrepreneurship Development in IFP/SEED, ILO Geneva, and
 Ms. Jyoti Tuladhar 
, theSenior Gender Specialist of ILO/SAAT, based in New Delhi. The suggestions of ILO technicalcolleagues will provide further important guidance for the development of future action plans tosupport women entrepreneurs in Pakistan. The ILO Office in Islamabad has also played an importantrole in conceptualizing the study and supporting the implementation of the fieldwork leading to thefinal report. Particular mention is made of the support provided by Ms. Samina Hasan (ProgrammeOffice) and Ms. Ameena Khan (Assistant Programme Officer).We are grateful for the financial assistance provided for this work under the Government of the Netherlands Partnership Programme with the ILO. This topic continues to be one of the mostimportant priority areas of work for the ILO in Pakistan, and it is hoped that the ILO can continue towork actively in the area of supporting the economic empowerment of women in Pakistan.Mr. Johannes LokolloDirector ILO Office for Pakistan &Liaison Office for AfghanistanIslamabadMs. Christine Evans-Klock Director Infocus Programme on Boosting Employmentthrough Small Enterprise DevelopmentILO Geneva

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