core holder and the brine was displaced by
-decane using a pump. Saturation changeswere measured by weighing and double-checked by the amount of brine produced. Ateach reduction in saturation, the core was transferred to the resistivity cell and thedrainage resistivity indices were determined. Saturation and resistivity indices for theimbibition cycle were achieved similarly, but instead
-decane was displaced with brinein steps until S
3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
The key rock parameters and results of the multiphase experiments are given in Table 1.The fluid data is as follows: Brine density; 1.05 g/cc, oil density; 0.73 g/cc, brineviscosity; 1.05 cp, oil viscosity, 1.36 cp and brine/oil interfacial tension; 13.56dynes/cm.
: Key parameters from displacement experiments on the chalk core samples.
Core number2346Core number2346
Core length (cm)4.2188.8.131.52Oil index, r
0000Core diameter (cm)3.743.753.743.71I
0.340.350.390.53Pore volume (cm
Imbibition1.4-1.41.6Air permeability (md)0.201.350.362.60S
wi (H & B)
0.190.100.190.11Liquid permeability (md)0.090.640.121.94S
or (H & B)
0.180.200.170.24Entry pressure (bar)0.670.240.420.22k
0.770.850.740.79Water index, r
0.170.200.210.29Drainage0.480.630.590.53Water saturation at breakthroughImbibition0.690.490.530.51
Capillary pressure/saturation relationship
results from centrifuge experiments andimbibition cell are shown in Fig. 1 and 2. Capillary hysteresis can clearly be observedfrom the primary drainage and spontaneous imbibition data. The final hysteresis loopwill consist of a spontaneous uptake of oil and the secondary drainage curve. Anexample of a complete capillary pressure curve is shown in Fig. 2.
Water-oil capillary pressure
oil capillary pressure(core 2, 3 and 4). (core 6).