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Full Report VISCOUSITY OF VISCOUS FLUIDS

Full Report VISCOUSITY OF VISCOUS FLUIDS

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Published by Ayez Sassin
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Published by: Ayez Sassin on Jul 03, 2012
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05/20/2015

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1
THE VISCOUSITYOF VISCOUSFLUIDS(PART A)
 
2
INTRODUCTION
The aim of the experiment is to determine the viscosity of glycerine (a viscous fluid) byusing guinea-and-feather apparatus and to determine the viscosity of the glycerine by usingHoeppler Method.The theory state that a body that moving in a fluid is acted on by a frictional force in theopposite direction of its velocity. The magnitude of this force depends on the geometry of thebody, its velocity, and the internal friction of the fluids. A measure for the internal friction isgiven by the dynamic viscosity,
 
. For a sphere of radius,
moving at velocity,
v
in an infinitelyextended fluid of dynamic viscosity,
 
.
G. G
. Stokes derived the frictional force,
1
=
 
.
 
. v . r 
-------------------- (1)If the sphere falls down vertically in the fluid, it will move at a constant velocity
v
after acertain time, and there will be an equilibrium between all forces acting on the sphere: thefrictional force
1
, which acts upward, the buoyancy force,

-------------------- (2)which acts upward too, and the downward acting gravitational force,

-------------------- (3)where,
  
1
 
: density of the sphere
  
2
: density of the fluid
g
: acceleration of free fall
 
3This forces fulfil the relation :
1
+ F 
2
= F 
3
-------------------- (4)The viscosity can, therefore be determined by measuring the rate of fall,
v
.
 


 
-------------------- (5)Where,
v
is to be determined from the distance,
s
and the time,
of fall. The viscosity then

 
-------------------- (6)In practice, Equation (1) has to be corrected since the assumption of an infinitely extended fluidis unrealistic and the velocity distribution of the fluid particles with respect to the surface of thesphere is influenced by the finite dimensions of the fluid. For the movement of the sphere alongthe axis of a cylinder of radius,
 R
and infinite length, for example, the frictional force is
   (
)
-------------------- (7)

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