The properties of fabricated metal clad symmetric waveguides are examined in termsof the variance of structure, cover layer thickness, film thickness and film thicknessuniformity. The materials used as film layers are PMMA (polymethylmethacrylate) dopedwith MOR
and IPDI (polydicyanovinyl isophoronediisocyanate). Silver is used as the coverand cladding layers. Glass is used as the base layer and for coupling light from in onestructure type (base coupled), whilst air is used for coupling light from in the other structuretype (free space coupled). Analysis of their ATR spectra at 632.8nm is carried out, allowingthe achievement of up to 83.4±0.1% light coupling, single mode waveguiding, film heightuniformity analysis, and dc Kerr effect analysis. Free space coupled structures with silvercover layers of ~24nm are found to be of most use for dc Kerr anaylsis.Microscopic flaws in film layer quality restrict dc Kerr analysis to only one of manyfabricated waveguides. Upper bounds for
and therefore a range for the dc Kerrcoefficient are found for 0.805±0.006% w/w doped MOR
in isotropic PMMA. These boundsare
respectively, leadingto a range for the dc Kerr coefficient of
. This range implies thatdoping MOR
into isotropic PMMA at 0.805±0.006% w/w does not significantly change thedc Kerr coefficient compared to undoped isotropic PMMA.
I would very much like to thank Dr. Szablewski for being always supportive andhelpful with regard to carrying out the project, but more so for just being easy to talk to andhaving a good sense of humour. I would like to thank Dr. Cross for always being availablefor discussion with regard to the operation of waveguides, and again for having a good senseof humour. I thank the lab technicians as they always made borrowing equipment easy, andespecially Duncan McCallum, for his constant help with regard to making my experimentssafe. My housemates were supportive as always, and were always open to letting me talk indetail about how my project was going, while even at points seeming genuinely interested,for these reasons and more, I thank them.