electrons (See Fig.1 (b)).
The electrons canthen travel through the lattice
, known as a
(See Fig.1(c)). While conventional conduction isresisted by thermal vibrations within thelattice, Cooper Pairs carry the supercurrentrelatively unresisted by thermal vibrations.
The energy of the pairing interaction isquite weak, of the order of 10
eV, andthermal energy can easily break the pairs.
Soonly at low temperatures, are a significant number of the electrons in a metal in Cooper pairs
intensifying thegravitational interaction
electrons pairs, it is possible to produce pair binding energies on the order of 10
eV,enough to keep them paired at
. Thus, by this way, metals atambient temperature can have a significantnumber of the electrons in Cooper pairs,transforming such metals in superconductorsat ambient temperature.
The quantization of gravity showedthat the
are correlated by means of the following factor :
⎪⎭⎪⎬⎫⎪⎩⎪⎨⎧⎥⎥⎦⎤⎢⎢⎣⎡−⎟⎟ ⎠ ⎞⎜⎜⎝ ⎛ Δ+−==
where is the
inertial mass of the particle and is the variation in the particle’s
; is the speedof light.
When is produced by theabsorption of a photon with wavelength
, itis expressed by
. In this case, Eq.(1) becomes
De Aquino, F. (2008)
Process and Device for
Controllingthe Locally the Gravitational Mass and the GravityAcceleration, BR Patent Number: PI0805046-5, July 31,2008.
⎪⎭⎪⎬⎫⎪⎩⎪⎨⎧⎥⎥⎦⎤⎢⎢⎣⎡−⎟ ⎠ ⎞⎜⎝ ⎛ +−=⎪⎭⎪⎬⎫⎪⎩⎪⎨⎧⎥⎥⎦⎤⎢⎢⎣⎡−⎟ ⎠ ⎞⎜⎝ ⎛ +−=
λ λ λ
for the particle with
In general, the
is expressed by
t F p
where is theapplied force during a time interval
. Notethat there is no restriction concerning the
of the force, i.e., it can be mechanical,electromagnetic, etc. For example, we canlook on the
variation as dueto absorption or emission of
by the particle.
This means that, by means of electromagnetic fields, the
can be decreased down to become negativeand
y of the inertialmass ). In this way,
the gravitational forces can be intensified
. Consequently, wecan use, for example, oscillating magneticfields in order to
intensify the gravitationalinteraction
between electrons pairs, in order to produce pair binding energies enough tokeep them paired at
.We will show that the magnetic field used inthis case must have extremely-low frequency(ELF).
From Electrodynamics we know thatwhen an electromagnetic wave withfrequency and velocity incides on amaterial with relative permittivity
,relative magnetic permeability
where is the index of refraction of the material, given by [
( ) ( )
⎟ ⎠ ⎞⎜⎝ ⎛ ++==
ωε σ μ ε
r r r