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16 personality factor

16 personality factor

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Published by Pooja Iyer

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Published by: Pooja Iyer on Jul 04, 2012
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16 Personality FactorsThe 16 personality factor questionnaire (16PF) is an objectively scorable test devised by basicresearch in psychology to give the most complete coverage of personality possible in a brief time de-veloped by Raymond Cattell. In addition to leading to the discovery of the 16 PF, the research identi-fied the broad dimensions called the BIG five factors of personality. Cattell conceptualized personali-ty in terms of a hierarchical, multilevel structure with primary and second order order traits. The 5global scales give an overview of an individuals personality make up at a broad level of functioningwhile the more specific primary provide an in depth picture of the individuals unique personality dy-namics.Comprehensive coverage of personality rests upon the measurement of sixteen functionally in-dependent and psychologically meaningful dimensions isolated and replicated in more than 30 yearsof factor analytic research on normal and clinical groups.The personality factors measured by the 16 PF are not just unique to the test but instead rest withinthe context of a general theory of personality. Nearly 10 years of empirical, factor analytic research preceded the first commercial publication of the test in 1949.Forms A,B,C, and D, are appropriate for literate individuals whose educational level is rough-ly equivalent to that of a normal high school student. Forms E and F are designed for individuals withmarked educational and reading deficits.Ten to thirteen items are provided for each scale in form A and B. In Form C and D, there are8 items for the factor B scale, 7 items for the motivational distortion scale and 6 items for each of theremaining scales. The questions are arranged in a roughly cyclic order determined by a plan to givemaximum convenience in scoring by stencil and to insure variety and interest for the examinee.Theitems in the final forms are the survivors from several thousands of items originally tried and consti-tute only those which continue to have significant validity against the factors after 10 successive fac-tor analyses (Cattell, 1973) on different samples. These analysis have both verified the existence andnatural structure of the 16 factors, and cross validated the test items in their correlation with the fac-tors on different adult population samples. The validity of the test itself is meant to be a concept (or construct) validity. That is to say, the test questions as stated above are chosen as being good mea-sures of personality factors, as these factors are represented in research analysis.PRO FORMA OF THE CLIENT Name: H.S.Age: 25Gender: femaleEducation/Occupation: Software engineer.Date of administration: 16/06/2012
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referred by: Self referred for: Personality AssessmentPresenting complaints:Test adminitered: 16 PFObservations: The client was able to concentrate and complete the questionnaire in an orderly manner.Her attention was aroused and sustained throughout the session.Test Results:The client, H.S, aged 25, currently working for a software company was assessed on the 16 PF
FactorsRaw scoreSten score
Factor A74Factor B56Factor C97Factor E109Factor F86Factor G43Factor H76Factor I86Factor L88Factor M55Factor N56Factor O54Factor Q165Factor Q278Factor Q375Factor Q454
Interpretation:
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On the MD, the client had a raw score of 5 and sten score of 3, which indicates that she is notmotivationally deviated.Based on the interpretation of the 16 PF assessment conducted, the client has a raw score of 10 and a sten score of 9 on factor E, this indicates that the person is assertive, self-assured and inde- pendent minded. She tends to be austere, a law to herself, hostile or extrapunitive, authoritarian (man-aging others and disregards authority). Her dominance in terms of being stubborn and competitivemay be an advantage or disadvantage depending on the situation put forth.On factor G she has a raw score of 4 and sten score of 3, which indicates a weaker superegostrength, she tends to be unsteady in purpose. She is often casual and lacking in effort for group un-dertakings and cultural demands. Her freedom from group influences may lead to antisocial acts, butat times makes her more effective, while her refusal to be bound by rules causes her to have less so-matic upset from stress.On factor L, she has a raw score of 8 and a sten score of 8, this indicates a sense of protension.She tends to be mistrusting and doubtful. She is often involved in her own ego, is self-opinionated,and interested in internal mental life. She is usually deliberate in her actions, unconcerned about other  people and a poor team member.On factor Q2, her raw score was 7 and sten score was 8, this indicates self sufficiency. She isresourceful and prefers to make her own decisions. She is temperamentally independent, accustomedto going her own way, making decisions and taking action on her own. She discounts public opinion but is not necessarily dominant in her relations with others. She does not dislike people but simplydoes not need their agreement or support.The client averaged on all other factors.On factor A she had a raw score of 7 and sten score of 4. which indicates that she is neither re-served nor outgoing, detached or warmhearted, critical or easy going and neither cool nor participat-ing. overall she is neither sizothymic nor affectothymic.On factor B, her raw score was 5 and sten score was 6, which indicates that she is of averageintelligence. she does not have a concrete or abstract way of thinking and is in between the two types.Overall she has average scholastic mental capacity.On factor C, her raw score was 9 and sten score was 7, this indicates that she is emotionallystable at most times. She faces reality, and can be calm and mature. however since her sten score is 7and tends towards the higher score she may be affected by feelings, emotionally less stable and easilyupset less often than the other traits mentioned above.On factor F she has a raw score of 8 and a sten score of 6, which indicates that she is neither sober nor happy-go-lucky, serious or impulsively lively, taciturn nor enthusiastic. She may show nor-mal, stable emotions and behavior.
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