Bhakthi Movement and Nama Sankeerthanam
Religion in India is more a direct experience than a code of conduct and from anearly age different systems or
(paths) have been prescribed for attainingthe goal, virtually called liberation, bliss and heaven. However the different margasare not contradictory and in some respects they supplemented each other: forexample proficiency in
are demandedfrom the highest
is derived from the root
by the application of the
which expresses an action, (Panini iii, 3, 94) and means among other thingsservice, devotion, attachment, loyalty, worship and homage.The word bhakti inSanskrit means
“sharing.” It was used to describe
a new type of path to moksha(liberation from the cycle of reincarnations). The Bhakti movement in India took place as an effort to inculcate loving devotionand belief in God. The Bhakti movement in India aimed at the principle of monotheism, i.e. existence of one God. This happened during the later-half of themedieval period in the history of India (800-1700 A.D). The real essence of Bhaktiis found in the great epics like
The Vedic scripturesalso talk about the concept of pure devotion of God.
considered chantingof the
the best and easiest of all dharmas, or the means toattain relief from all bondage
Gita."The Bhakti movement originated in ancient Tamilnadu, and began to spread to thenorth during the late medieval ages when north India was under Islamic rule. TheIslamic rulers were forcing public to convert their religion from Hinduism to Islam.The Bhakti movement had its own importance to save Hinduism. There was nogrouping of the mystics into
devotees as in the south. Themovement was spontaneous and the mystics had their own versions of devotionalexpression.The Bhakti movement started the trend of elaborate rituals in worship places.Devotional hymns in Temples, Qawalli in Mosques, Gurbani in Gurudwaras, etc.