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hydro5

hydro5

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Published by Shanti Ram Dhimal

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Published by: Shanti Ram Dhimal on Jul 04, 2012
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Hydropower and theEnvironment:Survey of the environmentaland social impacts and theeffectiveness of mitigationmeasures in hydropowerdevelopment
Volume I
Report
IEAHydropowerAgreement
IEA Technical Report
 
OVERVIEW OF THE IEA IMPLEMENTING AGREEMENTFOR HYDROPOWER TECHNOLOGIES AND PROGRAMMES
The Hydropower Implementing Agreement is a collaborative programme among ninecountries: Canada, China, Finland, France, Japan, Norway, Spain, Sweden and the UnitedKingdom. These countries are represented by various organizations including electricutilities, government departments and regulatory organizations, electricity researchorganizations, and universities. The overall objective is to improve both technical andinstitutional aspects of the existing hydropower industry, and to increase the futuredeployment of hydropower in an environmentally and socially responsible manner.HYDROPOWERHydropower is the only renewable energy technology which is presently commerciallyviable on a large scale. It has four major advantages: it is renewable, it produces negligibleamounts of greenhouse gases, it is the least costly way of storing large amounts of electricity, and it can easily adjust the amount of electricity produced to the amountdemanded by consumers. Hydropower accounts for about 17 % of global generatingcapacity, and about 20 % of the energy produced each year.ACTIVITIESFour tasks are operational, they are: 1. upgrading of hydropower installations, 2. smallscale hydropower, 3. environmental and social impacts of hydropower, and 4. training inhydropower. Most tasks have taken about five years to complete, they started in March1994 and the results will be available in May 2000. To date, the work and publications of the Agreement have been aimed at professionals in the respective fields.UPGRADINGThe upgrading of existing hydropower installations is by far the lowest cost renewableenergy available today. It can sometimes provide additional energy at less than one tenththe cost of a new project. One task force of the Agreement is studying certain technicalissues related to upgrading projects.SMALL SCALE HYDROPOWERAdvances in fully automated hydropower installations and reductions in manufacturingcosts have made small scale hydropower increasingly attractive. The small scalehydropower task force will provide supporting information to facilitate the development of new projects.ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL ISSUESFor some hydropower projects the environmental and social impacts have been the subjectof vigorous debate. There is a need to communicate objective information to the public, sothat countries can make good decisions with respect to hydropower projects. Theenvironmental task force will provide such information on possible social andenvironmental impacts and on mitigation measures.TRAININGThe availability of well-trained personnel is a key requirement in the hydropower sector.The training task force is concentrating on training in operations and maintenance, andplanning of hydro power projects.
 
THE INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY – IMPLEMENTINGAGREEMENT FOR HYDROPOWER TECHNOLOGIES ANDPROGRAMMESAnnex IIIHydropower and the EnvironmentSubtask 1
SURVEY OF THE ENVIRONMENTALAND SOCIAL IMPACTS AND THEEFFECTIVENESS OF MITIGATIONMEASURES IN HYDROPOWERDEVELOPMENT
Volume I
Report
The views presented in this report do not necessarily represent the views of the International Energy Agency, nor the government represented therein.
May 2000

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