of the phenomena on which main interest, or hypothesis testing stage where we examinewhether or not the conjectured relationships have been substantiated and an answer to theresearch question has been obtained.
2. Type of investigation:
A researcher should determine whether a causal or a co-relational study is needed tofind an answer to the issue at hand. The former is done when it is necessary to establish adefinitive cause and effect relationship. However if all that the researcher wants is a mereidentification of the important factors associated with the problem then a correlation study iscalled for. In the former case the researcher is keen on delineating one or more factors thatare undoubtedly causing a problem. In other words the intention of the researcher conductinga causal study is to be able to state that variable X cause's variable Y. so when variable X isremoved or altered in some way, problem Y is solved.Quite often however it is not just one or more variables that cause a problem inorganizations. Given the fact that most of the time there are multiple factors that influenceone another and the problem in a chainlike fashion, the researcher might be asked to identifythe crucial factors associated with the problem rather than establish a cause and effectrelationship. The study in which the researcher wants to delineate the cause of one or moreproblems is called a casual study.
3. Extent of researcher interference:
This case is normal occurrence in normal working environment. There are two typesof interference; the study undertaken is either causal or correctional. Causal relationshipmeans the studies conducted is to establish the cause and effect relationship. This type of relationship is where the researchers try to manipulate certain variables in order to study theeffects of such manipulation on the dependent variables of the study. The correlation study isapplied in the natural environment of the organization with the minimal interference by theresearcher with the normal flow of work. It can be said the correlation study is conducted ininitial stage of finding the interference of the researcher. Then, follow by the causal study