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يوغرطة

يوغرطة

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Published by Mohamed

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: Mohamed on Jan 08, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/04/2012

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ةطرغوي دـــــيهمت :
لذإ تدارأ يا ةعشجا ةنمورا ةموكحا هجو يف اوقو ذا ةغزما ةموما لطبأ أ م ةطرو دع دمون ما دحو أ دعب ،مسو سنسم ةطرو ما طسا دقو .بونجو برو قرش ذون سوو  لحم دصا دصق ةمجاو ةدصقا تحصب و أو ،بردم غزمأ شج ظن أ ةركسعا هكنحب ةررحا تاروثا دض ةمشا رفإ يف ةنمورا ةزكرما ةمح اد نمأ ادس دأ ذا ينموراةنمورا تاوا تقاذ أ دعب مور ةسس ى يبس لكشب رثؤس ةطرو ةموم كو .ةما ةغزمااوبأ ى رركما ئازا رارم ةزغادمون ما اذ ل يك وط ود  ةطرو ةموم ك ،ةنس مورا د ى اردو ةنخ شا يغزما
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.دما لبق يا لحارما أ ركذ م هكمم لخاد ةحصا هازجنم بو ةطروب رعا ةساردا ذ يف لوحنسو .رشبما رو رشبما جئنو هموم فررجو وأ رگو وأ ةطرو ةمك ينع ؟ ثرو وأ ةــــطرو و م 
Jugurtha
جعما يف وأ ربكا دجا وأ ةبا وأ رشعا وأ وا وأ رسا ربك وأ ما ضأ ينع دقو ،نس وا ربكأ يغزما.رحما ربكا لجراةنس دمونب يزما ةطرو دو دقو ،اذ
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وم مو ،ةمكحا سنسم رسأ لس وو ، دما لبق فو دعب كحا ىو ،دمون لئبق سبسم (
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ب ةجرخاو ةخادا رجا ّسو ذا )دما لبق ةكمم دمون وح لودو طسوما با رحبا. "ما هم هحأ ،سنسم ب لعبنسم يرش ر با " ةطرو أ ىإ ذ م نو سوكم "هنبب "خو هم ينبا ةطرو رح "سوكم "فو دعبو .هشر يف م كرش هعجو " لعسم"و "لعبرذأ."مب درناو ،ياوا ى لب منم 
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ىح ةسوراو دصا ةسرممو لمعا حو ءكذاو رقواو ةباو ةجشب هنارقأ ب ةطرو رشا دقو ةسورا تبح لخاد بسا لجم يف هقوب فورعم كو .ركسعا ظناو رحا لجم يف ةبوم مااركذم دمون دس  فاد غزمأ شج وكو كنحم ركس ادئق ذ دعب بصأو ،ةركسعا زربماو مورا هجو يف ةسارش لكب وقواو طوا ةار  فدا رورضبو ةغزما ةوب مئاد هشج قر ضخإو كممو اورث نو بساو غسا وس غزما م ودر ذا شحوما.ذو تسوس ينمورا رؤما رعو 
Salluste
"هبك يف ةطرو رح ذا شا ما اذ ةمظعب "هطشن لعب ،هببش لوأ ذنم نا بنا ةطرو رثأ ":تسوس لو .مورا ةم يف ةوطب ةموم رظأرم )...( ك هنكو ،ةحار ومسو ربا رظمب ودخن ذا م ك و .هئكذو رقوو هبو اءزج رص كو...بس رسأ زئج ى زارح هنارقأ فنو مرب يمرا ى ردو ةسورا.هنم لقأ همأ  دح دحأ ك و ،هنم رثكأ ،لغش دحأ ك و...دصا يف هقو م اربك ركذ يف بر رصف .دحاو دعب دحاو )ةغزما ( تاراو تبكوكا هممأ رعس ب رمأو ...
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مورا رش م رذحو ،ماو طوا زوح  فدا يفو ،ءادا ى....رصنا يفو دجما ضم مدنو....لا ادم يف ورظا سحأ هسن  ج دئق همع أ كم م لك لم د ...عشجو رو دوو دع كو .رخ لثمك همد هنف ،هجشو همادقإ ى ازج أ ه بس دنج رع "....ادقا ى هشوج ح لئسوا لك لمعسو ،رو 
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ةغزمأ ةكمم ءنب لجأ م ةركسو ةرادإو ةمجاو ةدصقا تحصب ةطرو ق ،رخأ ةج مو يف  أ ةطرو تاوق تطسا ،عفو .سنسم هم ب ق يا ةحصا ةسسا رار ى ةوق وم :و ،ةدمونا ةطرو روث ى ءض ةنمورا ةخشما سرأ ربك نمور داوق ةثث هجو .ّسو ورمو يف تسوس ينمورا رؤما مورا دض ةسا هبورحو ةطرو ر  دح لازمو دح م رخو ردب ةنمورا ةرومجا تضقن  "ربع تنك ةخرا تسوس تنودم أ إ ،"ةطرو ورح "هبك أ لحس ك ،مورا درطو ربربا دحو عف ططخ دق رخا اذ وك دف .ةطرو روث ةصق ورم ةسق كحأ رادصإ و دحاو رغ ةطرو لمأ ركذ ذا ينمورا رؤما دن دص دا اذ دجن .ططحنا رود يف يو مور ءمز ىإ لون لب ،ةطرو ذ يف ررحو دحو ورشم أ دوجو د ى لد تسوس توكس إ :لون .يدب رمأ اذو .ةبرغم رظن ةجو م ربخا وس أ كم  ،ةنمور ةثو ي ،ةبوكما ةثوايف وضوم ر اونك مورا خرؤما أ تسوس رؤم ةخرا ةثو دنا هجوا اذ ن بو شنمو برإ غزما لطبا وربع اونكو ،زم ءنبأ ح يف نوردص يا ةسا مكحأوخاو رذاو ا ورث ذا وصا تمج ءسؤرو تبصعا ءمز ةبثمبو ،ينمورا كحا تنك يا ةنمورا ةجا ةصخو ةدمونا دماو را يف ونكس ذا نطاوما ون يف زاو .تمدخاو رجا و دصقا اودو رارا زكارم ى رطس 
ةطرغوي دايقب ةييزامل ةمواقم روطت :
يضارأ ى اوق لوزن ذنم ةنمورا ةموكحا تردب زم ما فو دعبو سنسم ةرفإ لمش س ىإ ب دصو ةنا كرفأ :يو ،ةسئر طنم ث ىإ رادإنو ،مورا ةضب ك ةعضخ تنكو دمونو ( رس ةغزما ةمصعا ىإ يسنوا ارا م دمو ةنطنسق ىإ ةرئازجا ةكمما ذ سنو ،) (سنسم با سبسم ذون تح ك لوا سا :مسق 
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رص تح ك رخا ساو ،). مأ .ةطرو نطروم 
Maurétanie
ربربا دئا رص تح وعضو دف وكوب 
Boccus
دو .."نونج" ـــب ومس ةنجطر دب وك نو يف ةمص ةغزما مما ذ ةبقارم مورا رخاما طخ ىمس ينمأ دس ءنب يف مورا رش ،رخأ ةج مو 
Limes
قو وصح  رب وو وط دم طخا اذو ،ةدصقا دراوم يف كحاو ةمشا رفإ ى رطس ةبقارما زكارمو دنخو م طخا دمف ضر مأ .بونج وارحصا ارا دودحو يطسوما لحسا ب بارط تارحبب ارورم رن ىح دعسوب ةرق زج ث ، بونج ركسبب رمف ،اروا لبجو ةسنواش داو ط ذ دعبو .ترمخ زفزاو سمو ةنغمو ارورم رغما دودحا لصا طخا اذ ربعو .زب يندمب جرعنمو 
2
 
يو ةجنطو ونج ىإ لص ىح طبرا.
4
يف هخدب اوب و ةمشا رفإ يف ينمورا كحب اوضر  زما أ دب دمون نطرومو و ، ةبصخا ضارأ م غزما درط هنم دار رصن رمعسا طخ وربا ذا ما طخب ذك اوضر دحاو ةكمم يف دحوو زما مج ةطرو فد م اذ .ندا ةجردا م رفو لذ عش ىإ وحو هم ءنبأ لا أ دعب سنسم و ،ممكح ى رطس "لعسم"و "لعبرذأ"
ۥ
رس دمون ةكمم ضخ ةطرو ذخا ،يبو .هسنب رس (ةنطنسق ةنس ذنم همص اروا لبج يف ةعقاوا ةبجا ةندما )
104
ةركسعا رطا دحأ ى هبرد أو ، سرفو شم ىإ همسو جا ظن أ طساو ،. جا هب رض ذا ةطرو دئا رص تح هك يغزما جا ك دقو .ينمورا لحا ةبجم تنكو .رئازجب ةمگ رق لووس ةكرعم ةصخو رعم د يف ه رصنف ،ةد تارم ينمورايا "ةطرو ورح"ـــب تسوس ينا رؤما دن ىمس مورا دض ةطرو ضخ يا ورحاب تعقو 
111
و 
105
.. ى مسح ارصنا ةطرو ح دقو ،اذنوبأةنس 
110
ح مور يف ددش قو " ةمزا ذ كو ، دض ف داو رح وخب اوبط ذا ،بعشا هئبطخو هئمز دب عشا طسوأ رمذاو طخسا دس ينمورا مجما تضقن كعنا دم هعم ودب مم .ةنمورا ةمارك رثاو ربا در دمونا ماب ةسسا ةمجا تارصا يف سح نادم تنك دمون رحف ،رفإ لمش يف ادحا رس ى.ةنمورا تبطاةنس دمون ى همح دف ةنمورا ةمزا زكرم ىإ وم دعص وحشما ضوا ذ ضخ يف 
109
رطضف .دمون طسوو رش ى حز رس همص ى رطس ث ،ةطروب ةمزا حأو .. دنج طسف ،قوما ةجاوم د دج دوج لذب ىإ ةطرو ةادج لئبق ماوا يف ةنطام لوا وكوب نقأ مك ،ةوارحصانطروم ."ينمورا حز رشما دصا رورضب 
5
،ةركس دق ذخا ذا وم ةجاوم رس وحن ةطرو دب رح ةغزما تاوا تأدب اذكو ض "ذا ورم ىمس يبرحا كا لجم يف فرحم بعش ركس ادئق عس ةنمورا ةموكحا ك دماو را كس ب رذا رشنب أدبو ،دمون يف ةبرحما تاوا ىإ راو ءارا م ةئ ومج رمآا ىإ لوا وكوب ينطروما ما رج يف مورا جن ذ ى و .دونج تونعم فر ةدموناةنس با ه يأو هب رد ذإ ،ةطرو هح ى
104
ةنس دع مورا هئاد همسو . 
106
.".مور دض ةررحا دمون رح تنا ذبو ،. 
6
ةموم م ةنرمب مورا ةم يف ارثك د  ةطرو ةموم أ دب نرك ىضق م رس ذإ ،بط نطروم م وكوب رص ىإ رف مدن ذو ، دكماو ردغا بسب هشجو هموكح ى مورائخا كو " ، هئاوإو هرصنم وكوب ( س همسف ،ةئندا هسن ىإ شجا رسو ،هشر ى خ 
Sylla
ةمق تاذ زئج وكوب م اومد أ ونمورا بو .روشما ينمورا دئا ورم ةخ )(دمون ةطنم م ةبرغا ةجا ضب ذو ،هنخ ى رباو رئازجاىإ )ةحانطروم ءازج ةجنطا
3

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