The Law of Torts
Tort law refers to any given body of law that creates and provides remedy for civilwrongs that do not arise from contractual duties. A person who is legally injuredmay be able to use tort law to recover damages from someone who is legallyresponsible, or "liable," for those injuries. Tort law defines what constitutes a legalinjury, and establishes the circumstances under which one person may be held liablefor another's injury.Tort law is a branch of the law which covers civil wrongs, such as defamation andtrespassing, among many other transgressions. Under tort law, if someone suffers aphysical, legal, or economic harm, he or she may be entitled to bring suit. If the suitis deemed valid, damages may be awarded to the victim to compensate for his or hertroubles. Most tort laws are found in regional, state, and national civil codes, whichoften spell out limits on damages and the statute of limitations for tort cases.
Categories of torts
Torts may be categorized in a number of ways: one such way is to divide them intoNegligence Torts, and Intentional Torts.The standard action in tort is negligence. The tort of negligence provides a cause ofaction leading to damages, or to relief, in each case designed to protect legal rights,including those of personal safety, property, and, in some cases, intangible economicinterests. Negligence actions include claims coming primarily from car accidents andpersonal injury accidents of many kinds, including clinical negligence, worker'snegligence and so forth. Product liability cases, such as those involving warranties,may also be considered negligence actions, but there is frequently a significantoverlay of additional lawful content.Intentional torts include, among others, certain torts arising from the occupation oruse of land. The tort of nuisance, for example, involves strict liability for a neighborwho interferes with another's enjoyment of his real property. Trespass allowsowners to sue for entrances by a person (or his structure, such as an overhangingbuilding) on their land. Several intentional torts do not involve land. Examplesinclude false imprisonment, the tort of unlawfully arresting or detaining someone,and defamation (in some jurisdictions split into libel and slander), where falseinformation is broadcast and damages the plaintiff's reputation.In some cases, the development of tort law has spurred lawmakers to createalternative solutions to disputes. For example, in some areas, workers' compensationlaws arose as a legislative response to court rulings restricting the extent to whichemployees could sue their employers in respect of injuries sustained duringemployment.