Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Modals in the Past

Modals in the Past

Ratings: (0)|Views: 23|Likes:

More info:

Published by: Macavei George-Lucian on Jul 04, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/13/2014

pdf

text

original

 
 
Modals in the Past
 
can't have
certaintye.g. I can't have lost my keys! (I'm sure Ididn't)
 
could
permission
 
e.g. When I was a teenager, I could go out aslate as I wanted.
 
general ability
 
e.g. Tom could walk by the age of 8 months.
 
could have
possibility, but did not happen
 
e.g. I could have passed my driving test ifI'd really tried.
 
uncertainty
 
e.g. I guess it could have been Sandra on thephone.
 
 
couldn't
permission
 
e.g. When I was a teenager, I couldn't stayout as late as I wanted.
 
general ability
 
e.g. I couldn't walk until I was 2.ability in a particular situation
 
e.g. I tried hard but I couldn't persuade himto go to the party with us.
 
couldn't have
possibility/ability
 
e.g. I couldn't possibly have passed mydriving test, even if I'd tried harder.
 
uncertainty
 
e.g. It couldn't have been Sandra on thephone, could it?with comparative adjectives
 
e.g. I couldn't have asked for betterweather on my wedding day.
 
unwillingnesse.g. I couldn't have left the dog in the carfor long (so I didn't).
 
didn’t need to
unnecessary action not donee.g. As I was alone this weekend, I didn'tneed to do any cooking (so I didn't).
 
 
had to
obligation (past form of
must 
)e.g. I couldn't go out last night because Ihad to do my homework.
 
may have
uncertaintye.g. I guess I may have been a bit hard onher when she came home an hour late.
 
may not have
uncertaintye.g. He may not have found out yet that hehas passed the test.
 
might have
possibility (didn't happen)
 
e.g. You might have been killed!
 
uncertainty
 
e.g. I guess I might have been a bit hard onher when she came home an hour late.
 
annoyance at someone's failure to dosomething
 
e.g. You might have told me that you hadinvited all your colleagues round for dinner!
 
might have known + would (idiom to ironicallyexpress that somebody's action was typical)
 
e.g. I might have known that he would finishwith me as soon as he found out I wasn'twealthy!
 

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->