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AP MC Statics

# AP MC Statics

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07/04/2012

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Questions 1:
Charges
-Q
and
+Q
are located on the x- and y-axes, respectively, each at a distance d from the origin
O
, asshown at below.
1.
What is the direction of the electric field at the origin
O
?a. b. c. d. e.
2.
A +5μC charge is located 6 cm from a +4μC charge. What is the magnitude of the force of repulsion acting oneach charge?
a.
50 N b. 5x1013 N c. 5x109 N d. 5x10-3 NQuestions 3Two conducting spheres of different radii, as shown above, each have charge +Q.3.Which sphere has a higher electric potential at its surface?
a.
the large sphere b. the small sphere c. same, and neither is zero d. same, and both are zero
Questions 4-5:
Two large, flat, parallel, conducting plates are 0.04 m apart, as shown above. The lower plate is at a potential of 2V with respect to ground. The upper plate is at a potential of 10 V with respect to ground. Point
X
is located 0.01m above the lower plate.4.The magnitude of the electric field between the plates isa.Stronger at pt. X than at pt. Y b.Stronger at pt. Y than at pt. Xc.The same strength at both points.
5.
The electric potential at point
X
is
a.
10 V b. 8 V c. 6 V d. 4 V e. 2 V
6.
The magnitude of the electric field at point
X
is

a.
800 V/m b. 600 V/m c. 400 V/m d. 200 V/m e. 100 V/m7.The electron volt is a measure oa.Charge
b.
Energyc.Impulsed.Momentume.velocity
8.
A solid conducting sphere is given a positive charge
Q
. How is the charge
Q
distributed in or on the sphere?a.It is concentrated at the center of the sphere. b.It is uniformly distributed throughout the sphere.c.Its density decreases radially outward from the center.d.Its density increases radially outward from the center.e.It is uniformly distributed on the surface of the sphere only.
Questions 9-10.
A point
P
is 0.50 meter from a point charge of 5.0 x 10
-8
coulomb.
9.
The intensity of the electric field at point
P
is most nearly
a.
2.5 x 10
-8
N/C
b.
2.5 x 10
1
N/C
c.
9.0 x 10
2
N/C
d.
1.8 x 10
3
N/C
e.
7.5 x 10
8
N/C
10.
The electric potential at point
P
is most nearly
a.
2.5 x 10
-8

b.
2.5 x 10
1

c.
9.0 x 10
2

d.
1.8 x 10
3

e.
7.5 x 10
8

11.One joule of work is needed to move one coulomb of charge from one point to another with no change invelocity. Which of the following is true between the two points?a.The resistance is one ohm. b.The current is one ampere.c.The potential difference is one volt.d.The electric field strength is one newton per coulomb.e.The electric field strength is one joule per electron.
12.
Two identical conducting spheres are charged to +2
Q
and -
Q
, respectively, and are separated by a distance d(much greater than the radii of the spheres) as shown above. The magnitude of the force of attraction on the leftsphere is
F
1
. After the two spheres are made to touch and then are reseparated by distance
, the magnitude of theforce on the left sphere is
F
1
. Which of the following relationships is correct?
a.
2
F
1
=
F
2
b.
F
1
=
F
2
c.
F
1
= 2
F
2

d.
F
1
= 4
F
2

e.
F
1
= 8
F
2

Questions 13 - 14:
An electron is accelerated from rest for a time of 10
-9
second by a uniform electric field that exerts a force of 8.0 x 10
-15
newton on the electron.13.What is the magnitude of the electric field
a.
8.0 x 10
-24
N/C
b.
9.1 x 10
-22
N/C
c.
8.0 x 10
-6
N/C
d.
2.0 x 10
-5
N/C
e.
5.0 x 10
4
N/C
14.
The speed of the electron after it has accelerated for the 10
-9
second is most nearly
a.
10
1
m/s
b.
10
3
m/s
c.
10
5
m/s
d.
10
7
m/s
e.
10
9
m/s15.A hollow metal sphere of radius R is positively charged. Of the following distances from the center of the sphere,which location will have the greatest electric field strength?a.O (center of the sphere) b.3R/4c.5R/4d.2e.None of the above because the field is of constant strength
16.
Two isolated charges, + q and - 2q, are 2 centimeters apart. If F is the magnitude of the force acting on charge -2q,what are the magnitude and direction of the force acting on charge + q? Magnitude Directiona.
1/2 F
Toward charge —
2q
b.
1/2 F
Away from charge -
2q
c.
Toward charge -
2q
d.
F
Away from charge -
2q
e. 2
F
Toward charge -
2q
17.
Charges +
Q
and -4
Q
are situated as shown above. The net electric field is zero nearest which point?a.A b. c. C d. D e. E
18.
The diagram above shows an iso
ated, positive charge Q. Point B is twice as far away from Q as point A. Theratio of the electric field strength at point A to the electric field strength at point B isa.8 to 1 b.4 to 1

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