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Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) and filter design for Switched Mode Power Supplies

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) and filter design for Switched Mode Power Supplies

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Published by Mayank Agarwal
The goal of this work was to simulate the Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) generated in a fly-back converter, design a filter based on the generated data and to study the EMI characteristics of the power converter after integration with the filter.

To achieve the designated goals, SPICE models of Power MOSFET and Power diode were improved to simulate the switching characteristics and the reverse recovery characteristics respectively. These improved models are then integrated in the fly-back converter and the EMI data is generated. Based on the data generated, a filter is designed and then integrated to the power converter. The EMI characteristics of the circuit are again generated and a significant improvement in the EMI characteristics is observed.
The goal of this work was to simulate the Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) generated in a fly-back converter, design a filter based on the generated data and to study the EMI characteristics of the power converter after integration with the filter.

To achieve the designated goals, SPICE models of Power MOSFET and Power diode were improved to simulate the switching characteristics and the reverse recovery characteristics respectively. These improved models are then integrated in the fly-back converter and the EMI data is generated. Based on the data generated, a filter is designed and then integrated to the power converter. The EMI characteristics of the circuit are again generated and a significant improvement in the EMI characteristics is observed.

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Published by: Mayank Agarwal on Jul 05, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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Mayank Agarwal
Digitally signedby Mayank AgarwalDate: 2012.07.0518:17:04 +05'30'
 
Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) and filter design for SMPS Centre for Airborne Systems, DRDO
1
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
(A). Abstract
....................................................................................................................................................................
3
 
(B). List of Figures
..........................................................................................................................................................
4
 
1. Fundamentals of EMI/EMC
.....................................................................................................................................
6
 What is EMI/EMC ....................................................................................................................................................... 7Source of Electromagnetic Interference ................................................................................................................... 7The three elements of an EMI problem .................................................................................................................... 8Types of coupling in EMI ........................................................................................................................................... 9Impedance coupling .............................................................................................................................................. 10Inductive coupling ................................................................................................................................................ 11Capacitive coupling ............................................................................................................................................... 11Radiative coupling ................................................................................................................................................. 11Crosstalk ................................................................................................................................................................. 12
 
Modes of coupling in EMI ........................................................................................................................................ 12Differential Mode .................................................................................................................................................. 12Common Mode ..................................................................................................................................................... 13
 
2. Medium and High frequency modeling of components
................................................................................... 1
4
 Capacitors ................................................................................................................................................................... 15Inductors ..................................................................................................................................................................... 16Power diode with reverse recovery ......................................................................................................................... 18Power MOSFET ......................................................................................................................................................... 21
3. Measurement of EMI in DC-DC converters
.......................................................................................................
29
What are DC-DC power converters ....................................................................................................................... 30Fly-back converter ..................................................................................................................................................... 30Basic topology of fly-back converter ....................................................................................................................... 31Line Impedance Stabilization Network (LISN) ..................................................................................................... 32Measurement of EMI ................................................................................................................................................ 35
4. EMI filter design for DC-DC converters
.............................................................................................................
43
 
Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) and filter design for SMPS Centre for Airborne Systems, DRDO
2Introduction ............................................................................................................................................................... 44Topology of an EMI filter ......................................................................................................................................... 44Basis of determining filter component values ....................................................................................................... 45Common mode ...................................................................................................................................................... 45Differential mode .................................................................................................................................................. 47Software based EMI noise separation method ....................................................................................................... 48Design procedure for EMI filter .............................................................................................................................. 49Software implementation of EMI filter design ...................................................................................................... 51SPICE verification of the designed EMI filter ........................................................................................................ 53Comparison of results obtained with and without filter ...................................................................................... 62
5. Conclusion
.................................................................................................................................................................
636. References
..................................................................................................................................................................
64

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