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Green Cloud

Green Cloud

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Published by: Pushpakma Mahakalkar on Jul 05, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/05/2012

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 Abstract 
Cloud computing is offering utility oriented IT services to users worldwide. It enables hosting of applications from consumer,scientific andbusiness domains. However data centres hosting cloud computingapplications consume huge amounts of energy,contributing to highoperational costs and carbon footprints to the environment. With energyshortages and global climate change leading our concerns these days, thepower consumption of data centers has become a key issue. Therefore,weneed green cloud computing solutions that can not only save energy,but alsoreduce operational costs. The vision for energy efficient management of cloud computing environments is presented here. A green schedulingalgorithm which works by powering down servers when they are not in useis also presented.
 
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Introduction
In 1969,
 
Leonard Kleinrock , one of the chief scientists of the original AdvancedResearch Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) which seeded the Internet, said:
“As
of now, computer networks are still in their infancy, but as they grow up and become
 sophisticated, we will probably see the spread of „computer utilities‟ which, like
 present electric and telephone utilities, will service individual homes and offices across
the country.”
This vision of computing utilities based on a service provisioning modelanticipated the massive transformation of the entire computing industry in the 21stcentury whereby computing services will be readily available on demand, like other
utility services available in today’s society. Similarly, users (consumers) need to pay
providers only when they access the computing services. In addition, consumers nolonger need to invest heavily or encounter difficulties in building and maintainingcomplex IT infrastructure.In such a model, users access services based on their requirements without regardto where the services are hosted. This model has been referred to as
utility computing
, orrecently as
Cloud computing
. The latter term denote
s the infrastructure as a ―Cloud‖
from which businesses and users can access applications as services from anywhere inthe world on demand. Hence, Cloud computing can be classified as a new paradigm forthe dynamic provisioning of computing services supported by state-of-the-art datacenters that usually employ Virtual Machine (VM) technologies for consolidation and
 
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environment isolation purposes . Many computing service providers including Google,Microsoft, Yahoo, and IBM are rapidly deploying data centers in various locationsaround the world to deliver Cloud computing services.Cloud computing delivers infrastructure, platform, and software (applications) asservices, which are made available to consumers as subscription-based services underthe pay-as-you-go model. In industry these services are referred to as Infrastructure as aService (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), and Software as a Service (SaaS)respectively. A recent Berkeley report
stated ―Cloud Computing, the long
-held dreamof computing as a utility, has the potential to transform a large part of the IT industry,
making software even more attractive as a service‖.
Clouds aim to drive the design of the next generation data centers by architectingthem as networks of virtual services (hardware, database, user-interface, applicationlogic) so that users can access and deploy applications from anywhere in the world ondemand at competitive costs depending on their QoS (Quality of Service) requirements .

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