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How to Configure and Use the Moodle Grade Book

How to Configure and Use the Moodle Grade Book

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Published by: EdTechSystems on Jul 05, 2012
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How to Configure and Use the Moodle Grade Book
All grades for each student in a course can be found in the course grade book. The grader report collectsitems that have been graded and allows the instructor to view, change, and sort them into categories. Thegrade book also allows the instructor to calculate totals in various ways using excel type formulas.Various default options are set at the system level by the site administrator. These options can beoverridden by the course instructor.
Grade Book Definitions:
– a group for grades, e.g. Assignments, Exams, Participation, Research Papers
Graded item
– any activity for which a student will be graded
– the method used to calculate a single grade from a group of grades
 Aggregate only non-empty grades
– graded items that have not been assigned a value (graded) arenot counted in the final grade calculation. The setting is enabled by default.
 Aggregation coefficient
– the weight given to a grade category or graded item
Grade Book Best Practices:
The Moodle grade book provides many options for maintaining course grades and for providing eachstudent a private view of their progress in a course. The flexibility of the grade book also adds somecomplexity. This tutorial will cover the most frequently used grading methods.If you plan to place assignments into categories, it is best to configure the grade book before creatingassignments.
Prior to setting up the grade book:
Decide on an aggregation method (how the grades will be calculated/averaged).2.
Create grade categories (assignments, exams, quizzes, research papers, participation, etc.).a.
Each category can have its own aggregation method.b.
Category sections in the grade book can be collapsed to make entering grades easier.c.
Categories can be created at any time, even after the graded items are entered. It will savetime and effort if created before entering grade items.3.
Decide whether or not to grant extra credit.
Aggregation Methods:
Four basic aggregation methods are listed below. Moodle has other aggregation methods, but most of them have little relation to how grades are commonly calculated. You may use a different method foreach category and for the overall grade.1.
Mean of Grades
– each graded item is converted to a fraction. The overall grade is a simpleaverage of the fractions converted to a percent value. The result is the sum of all grades dividedby the total number of grades. Each item (regardless of points) has the same weight.
 2Assignment 1 – 70/100Assignment 2 – 20/80Assignment 3 – 10/10Category Max = 100
Aggregation Method: (0.7 + 0.25 + 1.0)/3 = 0.65
0.65 * 100 =
Weighted Mean of Grades
– Each graded item is assigned a weight. This weight is used todetermine the importance of each item in the overall mean.Assignment 1 – 70/100, Weight = 10Assignment 2 – 20/80, Weight = 5Assignment 3 – 10/10, Weight = 3Sum of Weights = 18Category Max = 100
Aggregation Method (0.7 *10 + 0.25 * 5 + 1.0 * 3)/18 = 0.625
0.625 * 100 =
For Weighted Mean of Gradesa.
The weights may be fractions (.25, .5) or integers (25. 5). However, be consistent in youruse of fractions or integers.b.
Weights do not have to add up to 100 (although in most cases they will). Either way theweighted calculation is correct.3.
Simple Weighted Mean of Grades
– The difference between
Weighted Mean of Grades
Simple Weighted Mean of Grades
is that the weight is calculated as Maximum Grade – MinimumGrade for each item. A 100 point assignment has weight of 100, and a 10 point assignment hasweight of 10. In essence, this means that the weights are determined by the number of pointspossible in the graded item. This is similar to
Sum of Grades
”. The difference is that “
SimpleWeighted Mean of Grades
” displays percents (when the category max is 100) and “
Sum of Grades
” displays points.Assignment 1 – 70/100Assignment 2 – 20/80Assignment 3 – 10/10Category Max = 100Total Possible Points: 100 + 80 + 10 = 190
Aggregation Method: (0.7 * 100 + 0.25 * 80 + 1.0 * 10)/190 = 0.526
0.526 * 100 =
Sum of Grades
– The grade is based on total points – each graded item has a number of pointsthat contribute to the total points. A student’s grade is the number of points earned divided by thetotal points. This is the only aggregation type that does not convert the grades to percentages
 3internally (normalization). The Maximum grade of the associated category item is calculatedautomatically as a sum of maximums for all aggregated items.Assignment 1 – 70/100Assignment 2 – 20/80Assignment 3 – 10/10Total Possible Points – (100 + 80 + 10) = 190
Aggregation Method 70 + 20 + 10 = 100
100/190 = 0.5260.526 * 100 =
For Sum of Grades:a.
The faculty grade book shows points totals, not percent. The student report shows pointand percent.b.
It is not possible to ignore empty grades – an empty grade is counted as zero (0).
Creating Course Categories:
Log into your course2.
Click the
link in the
block The initial grade book view, the
Grader Report
contains a course total,but no categories and no graded items. Student names are listed in theleft column. You may sort the names by clicking on the “First name” or“Surname” links.3.
To create categories for your grade book, click thedrop-down arrow at the top left of thewindow and select
Full view
Categories and items

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