Is an acute infectious disease caused by an RNA
containing myxovirus. It ischaracterized by respiratory and constitutional symptoms.
Is a very common acute self-limited respiratory infection.
It is popularly called “FLU”.
Viruses in the family Orthomyxoviridae cause influenza.
The influenza virus is classified into 3 groups:
which develops several variants, is usually present in largeepidemics.
The numerous variants within a given type are called subtypes.
Three subtypes of hemagglutin (H1; H2; H3) and two subtypesof neuraminidase (N1, N2) are among influenza.
Group B and C - are maintained only in human populations, althoughthey are isolated occasionally from other mammals.
The virus enters the respiratory mucosa through the action of as strain-specific enzyme, neuraminidase, which is located inthe outer coating of the virus.
The virus is found in throat washing/swabbing in the first 5days of illness.
The incubation period is short, usually around 24°
74° or 1-3 days.
Period of Communicability
day of illness
Mode of Transmission
Airborne spread predominates among crowded populations in enclosedspaces. The infection may also be spread from person to person by direct contact with infected secretions.