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The Facts on Immigration Today

The Facts on Immigration Today

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CAP's Immigration Team presents the latest and most essential facts about immigration in our nation.
CAP's Immigration Team presents the latest and most essential facts about immigration in our nation.

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Published by: Center for American Progress on Jul 06, 2012
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1Center or American Progress |  The Facts on Immigration Today
 The Facts on Immigration Today
Everything You Need to Know About OurForeign-Born Population, Current ImmigrationPolicy, and the Voting Power of New Americans
Center for American Progress Immigration Team July 6, 2012
Below are he laes and mos essenial acs abou immigraion in our naion oday. Teacs are broken down ino our secions:
•
oday’s immigrans
•
Curren ederal and sae immigraion policy 
•
Immigraion public opinion polling
•
Demographic and poliical desiny o Lainos
 Today’s immigrants
Below are he acs abou immigrans oday: who hey are, where hey live, and heirimpac on he U.S. economy.
Immigrants largely arrive through legal channels
•
There were 39.9 million foreign-born people in the United States in 2010.
1
 44 percen were nauralized ciizens. 24 percen were legal permanen residens. 29 percen were unauhorized migrans. 3 percen were emporary legal residens (such as sudens or emporary workers).
2
•
50.9 percent of our nation’s foreign born are women and 54.2 percent of naturalizedforeign-born persons are women.
3
•
he foreign-born share of the overall U.S. population is 12.9 percent today,
4
lowerhan he highes percenage (14.8 percen)
5
achieved in 1890.
 
2Center or American Progress |  The Facts on Immigration Today
Most immigrants have made a home in the United States
•
11.5 million undocumented immigrants were living in the United States in January2011,
an increase o one-hird since 2000, when here were 8.5 million undocu-mened immigrans.
6
•
86 percent of undocumented immigrants have been living in the United States forseven years or longer.
7
•
5.2 percent of the U.S. labor force consisted of undocumented immigrants in 2010,
 even hough hey comprise only 3.7 percen o he naions populaion.
8
•
45 percent of unauthorized immigrant households are composed of couples withchildren.
By comparison, he gure or U.S. naive households and legal immigranhouseholds is 21 percen and 34 percen, respecively.
9
•
16.6 million people are in families with at least one undocumented immigrant,
and 9million o hese amilies are o “mixed saus” wih a leas one unauhorized adul andone U.S.-born child.
10
•
4.5 million U.S.-born children had at least one unauthorized immigrant parent in2010,
an increase rom 2.1 million in 2000.
11
 
Immigrants have dispersed throughout the United States and even unfriendlylaws aren’t making them “self-deport”
•
Undocumented immigrants are increasingly settling throughout the 50 states.
radiional “gaeway” saes such as Caliornia,
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Illinois,
13
exas,
14
New York,
15
andFlorida
16
coninue o be home o large percenages o our naion’s oreign-born. Buimmigrans are increasingly dispersing
17
o meropolian areas ouside hese saes.Fieen saes—Alabama,
18
Arkansas, Colorado,
19
Delaware, Georgia,
20
Idaho, Kenucky,Minnesoa, Nebraska, Nevada,
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New Mexico,
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Norh Carolina,
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ennessee, SouhCarolina, and Uah
24
—experienced a leas a 200 percen
25
increase in heir immigranpopulaions beween 1990 and 2009. (see char on nex page)
26
•
The number of undocumented Mexican nationals arriving to the United Statesdeclined by 80 percent between 2004 and 2010.
27
In 2010 ewer han 100,000Mexican naionals setled in he Unied Saes, compared o an annual ow o abou525,000 undocumened persons rom Mexico rom 2000 o 2004.
28
•
Increased enforcement isn’t encouraging immigrants to return home.
Immigraionrom Mexico is a ne zero, wih slighly more Mexicans leaving he counry han ener-
 
3Center or American Progress |  The Facts on Immigration Today
ing i. Tis decline in immi-graion can be atribued oighened border conrols, weak  job and housing consrucionmarkes in he Unied Saes,increases in deporaions, anddeclining Mexican birhraes.
29
•
Policies of “self-deportation”do not lead to large-scaleresettlement.
Immigrans makehe decision o say becausemos have been in he counry or more han a decade, live inamilies wih children, and know ha i economic condiions are bad in his counry, hey are worse in heir home counries.
30
•
Immigrants, like other eco-nomic actors, are averseto losing their long-terminvestments.
Tese includeinvesmens in homes or heirchildren’s educaion, or example. Research drawing on cogniive psychology and behav-ioral economics has shown ha his is anoher reason undocumened immigrans do noleave even in he ace o harsh laws.
31
•
Instead of leaving the United States, undocumented immigrants living in anti-immi-grant states move to friendlier neighboring states.
 An abundance o anecdoal
32
evi-dence
33
semming rom a number o ani-immigran measures has led researchers
34
o believe ha when migrans eel argeed, hey resetle elsewhere in he Unied Saes.
Immigrants are a net plus for our economy
•
$1.5 trillion—
Te amoun o money ha would be added o U.S. cumulaive grossdomesic produc over 10 years wih a comprehensive immigraion reorm planha includes legalizaion or all undocumened immigrans currenly living in heUnied Saes.
35
•
$11.2 billion—
Te amoun o money households headed by unauhorized immigranspaid in sae and local axes in 2010.
36
Figure 1
Immigration spreads to new states, 1990-2009
26
States with the largest and most rapidly growing immigrant population 1990-2009
States with 1.7 million or moreimmigrantsStates with 200 percentor higher growth in immigrants

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