2Center or American Progress | The Facts on Immigration Today
Most immigrants have made a home in the United States
11.5 million undocumented immigrants were living in the United States in January2011,
an increase o one-hird since 2000, when here were 8.5 million undocu-mened immigrans.
86 percent of undocumented immigrants have been living in the United States forseven years or longer.
5.2 percent of the U.S. labor force consisted of undocumented immigrants in 2010,
even hough hey comprise only 3.7 percen o he naion’s populaion.
45 percent of unauthorized immigrant households are composed of couples withchildren.
By comparison, he gure or U.S. naive households and legal immigranhouseholds is 21 percen and 34 percen, respecively.
16.6 million people are in families with at least one undocumented immigrant,
and 9million o hese amilies are o “mixed saus” wih a leas one unauhorized adul andone U.S.-born child.
4.5 million U.S.-born children had at least one unauthorized immigrant parent in2010,
an increase rom 2.1 million in 2000.
Immigrants have dispersed throughout the United States and even unfriendlylaws aren’t making them “self-deport”
Undocumented immigrants are increasingly settling throughout the 50 states.
radiional “gaeway” saes such as Caliornia,
coninue o be home o large percenages o our naion’s oreign-born. Buimmigrans are increasingly dispersing
o meropolian areas ouside hese saes.Fieen saes—Alabama,
Idaho, Kenucky,Minnesoa, Nebraska, Nevada,
ennessee, SouhCarolina, and Uah
—experienced a leas a 200 percen
increase in heir immigranpopulaions beween 1990 and 2009. (see char on nex page)
The number of undocumented Mexican nationals arriving to the United Statesdeclined by 80 percent between 2004 and 2010.
In 2010 ewer han 100,000Mexican naionals setled in he Unied Saes, compared o an annual ow o abou525,000 undocumened persons rom Mexico rom 2000 o 2004.
Increased enforcement isn’t encouraging immigrants to return home.
Immigraionrom Mexico is a ne zero, wih slighly more Mexicans leaving he counry han ener-