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mamatAMS53-56-2011

mamatAMS53-56-2011

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Published by: Mada Sanjaya Ws on Jul 06, 2012
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07/06/2012

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 Applied Mathematical Sciences, Vol. 5, 2011, no. 54, 2685 - 2695
Bidirectional Chaotic Synchronization of Hindmarsh-Rose Neuron Model
1,2
Mada Sanjaya WS,
1
Mustafa Mamat,
1
Zabidin Salleh, and
1
Ismail Mohd
1
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science and Technology, UniversitiMalaysia Terengganu, Kuala Terengganu 21030, Malaysia.
2
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Gunung Djati, Bandung, Indonesia.madasws@gmail.com
Abstract
In this paper, the bursting chaotic synchronization of two neurons coupled withgap junction in the condition of external electrical stimulation is investigated. Inthis paper, the coupled model is established on the basis of Hindmarsh-Roseneuron model, and then the relation of bidirectional coupling strength of the gap junction and the synchronization is discussed in detail. The sufficient condition of complete synchronization is obtained from rigorous mathematical derivation. Thesynchronizations of periodic neurons and chaotic bursting neurons are studied,respectively.
Keywords
: chaotic synchronization, Hindmarsh-Rose model, gap junction.
1 Introduction
System of signals propagation from one neuron to another represent event of very complex electrochemical mechanism. Many cells are linked to each other byspecialized intercellular pathways known as gap junctions. Gap junctions areclusters of aqueous channels that connect the cytoplasm of adjoining cells. Theyallow the direct transfer of ions and small molecules, including second messenger molecules, between cells without leakage to the extracellular fluid. As the gap junctions play an important role in the process of information transmitting amongthe coupled neurons system [1, 3, 4, 6, 8, 13]. Neurons can demonstrate different types of activity such as continuous spiking, bursting, etc. The Hindmarsh–Rose is one of the most popular low-dimensional
 
2686
 Mada Sanjaya WS et al 
 
neuron models exhibiting chaotic bursting dynamics [2, 7, 9]. Therefore, whenmodelling the cooperative behavior of bursting neurons, this model is often usedas a unit. In agreement with this approach we assume it as a paradigm of bothamplitude and spike timing chaos.Over last decade, many new types of synchronization have appeared. Sincethe discovery of chaotic synchronization [11, 12], there has been tremendousinterest in studying the synchronization of chaotic systems. Recently,synchronization of coupled chaotic systems has attracted considerable attentionEspecially, a typical study of synchronization is the coupled chaotic identicalchaotic systems [5].The synchronization may play an important role in revealing communication pathways in neural system. The synchronization of neurons Fitzhugh-Nagumomodel electrical coupled with gap junction in external electrical stimulation isinvestigated detail in [4, 8, 10]. In these papers, the synchronization bursting of two neurons electrical birectional coupled Hindmarsh–Rose model with gap junction in periodic external electrical stimulation are the main focus.After introducing some ideas to be described in this paper, in Section 2, wegive some reviews about the nonlinear bursting model of individual neuron inexternal stimulation. With the variation of the stimulation and the initial conditionof the neuron, the complex behaviors including chaos are revealed. In Section 3,the model of two neurons electrically coupled with gap junction is given. Thechaotic synchronization of two coupled neurons and the influence of couplingcoefficient on chaotic synchronization are studied. The conclusion is given inSection 5.
2 The Hindmarsh-Rose model single neuron
The original model introduced in [7] is given by
==++=
))(( 11
232
 z x xb dt dz ydxdt dy z xax y dt dx
e
μ 
(1)where
 x
represents the membrane potential,
 y
and
 z
describe the dynamicsassociated with fast varying (
e.g.
, sodium) and slow varying (
e.g.
, calcium)currents, respectively,
 I 
or 
 I 
(
) is an external current supplied to the cell,
a, d, b
 and
 x
e
are parameters,
μ
is a small parameter, such that the adiabatic approach inwhich the model is decomposed into a fast and a slow subsystem, may be applied.Although different in structure, more physiologically conductance-based modelsof spiking neurons often exhibit many of the same qualitative phenomena that we
 
 Bidirectional chaotic synchronization
2687
observe for the Hindmarsh–Rose model.For this system, we choose
a
= 3,
b
= 4,
d =
5,
 
 μ
 
= 0.005,
2/)51(
+=
e
 x
,and
 I 
is varied .The simplest modification to Hindmarsh and Rose model for a single neuron,can be done by introducing the stimulus [4, 8, 10] represented as)cos()/()(
 A I 
ω ω 
=
(2)to (1) where
 A
denotes the magnitude of the stimulus, and
ω 
refers to thefrequency of given stimulus.Furthermore, if we
τ 
= t , then non-autonomous system (1) and (2) can bewritten as an autonomous system
===++=
1))(( 1cos
232
dt  z x xb dt dz ydxdt dy z xax y dt dx
e A
τ μ ωτ 
ω 
(3)The stimulus frequency is varied while keeping the magnitude at a fixed valueof 
 A =
0.1, since at this particular value of 
 A
, modified Hindmarsh-Rose neuronmodel gives periodic bursting. Simulation results at different stimulus frequenciesare shown in Fig. 1. It can be observed that with the variation in stimulusfrequency
ω 
, the neuron shows complex chaotic behavior. Hence the stimulusfrequency
ω 
can be considered as a significant parameter that affects the behavior of neuron.
(a) phase space for 
ω 
= 0.09 Hz (b) phase space for 
ω 
= 0.075 Hz (c) phase space for 
ω 
= 0.045 Hz

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