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book of asesment info about waste

book of asesment info about waste

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Published by Andre Suito

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Published by: Andre Suito on Jan 09, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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1
Assessment of information related
to waste and material flows
A catalogue of methods and tools

Prepared by:
Despo Fatta and Stephan Moll
European Topic Centre on Waste and Material Flows

Project manager:
Dimitrios Tsotsos
European Environment Agency

Technical report
96
2
Assessment of information related to waste and material flows
Layout: Brandenborg a/s
Legal notice
The contents of this report do not necessarily reflect the official opinion of the European Commission

or other European Communities institutions. Neither the European Environment Agency nor any person or company acting on behalf of the Agency is responsible for the use that may be made of the information contained in this report.

A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet.

It can be accessed through the Europa server (http://europa.eu.int)
\u00a9EEA, Copenhagen, 2003
Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged.
ISBN: 92-9167-577-6

European Environment Agency
Kongens Nytorv 6
DK-1050 Copenhagen K
Tel. (45) 33 36 71 00
Fax (45) 33 36 71 99
E-mail: eea@eea.eu.int
Internet: http://www.eea.eu.int

Contents
3
Contents
1. Introduction and objectives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
2. Main policy questions for the integrated issue of waste and material flows . .
6
2.1. Policy shift from \u2018end-of-pipe\u2019 waste management towards integrated
\u2018sustainable resource management\u2019. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
2.2. The link between use of natural resources and the generation of waste
7
2.3. Waste-management policy issues. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8
2.4. Main policy questions with regards to waste and material flows issues .
9
2.5. The EEA\u2019s policy-relevant indicator-based assessment approach. . . . . .
9
3. Overview of available assessment tools. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
3.1. Simulation models. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11

3.1.1. Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 3.1.2. Field of application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 3.1.3. Benefits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 3.1.4. Drawbacks/limitations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 3.1.5. Application of simulation models. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

3.2. Lifecycle assessment (LCA). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19

3.2.1. Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 3.2.2. Field of application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3.2.3. Benefits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3.2.4. Drawbacks/limitations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3.2.5. Application of lifecycle assessment methodology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

3.3. Environmental impact assessment (EIA). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25

3.3.1. Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 3.3.2. Field of application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 3.3.3. Benefits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 3.3.4. Drawbacks/limitations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 3.3.5. Application of environmental impact assessment (EIA). . . . . . . . . . . 25

3.4. Environmental risk assessment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26

3.4.1. Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 3.4.2. Field of application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 3.4.3. Benefits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 3.4.4. Drawbacks/limitations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 3.4.5. Application of environmental risk assessment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

3.5. Multi-criteria analysis (MCA). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30

3.5.1. Description. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 3.5.2. Field of application. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 3.5.3. Benefits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 3.5.4. Drawbacks/limitations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 3.5.5. Application of multi-criteria analysis (MCA). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

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