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sc of waste minimisation

sc of waste minimisation

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Published by Andre Suito

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Published by: Andre Suito on Jan 09, 2009
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1
Case studies on waste
minimisation practices in Europe

Prepared by:
Henrik Jacobsen and Merete Kristoffersen
European Topic Centre on Waste

Project manager:
Dimitrios Tsotsos
European Environment Agency

Topic report
2/2002
2
Case studies on waste minimisation practices in Europe
Layout: Brandenborg a/s
Legal notice
The contents of this report do not necessarily reflect the official opinion of the European Commission

or other European Communities institutions. Neither the European Environment Agency nor any person or company acting on behalf of the Agency is responsible for the use that may be made of the information contained in this report.

A great deal of additional information on the European Union is available on the Internet.
It can be accessed through the Europa server (http://europa.eu.int)

ISBN 92-9167-505-9
\u00a9EEA, Copenhagen, 2002
Reproduction is authorised provided the source is acknowledged

European Environment Agency
Kongens Nytorv 6
DK-1050 Copenhagen K
Tel. (45) 33 36 71 00
Fax (45) 33 36 71 99
E-mail: eea@eea.eu.int
Internet: http://www.eea.eu.int

Contents
3
Contents
Executive summary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
1. Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
1.1. Purpose of the report. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
1.2. Definition of waste minimisation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
1.3. Methodology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
2. Current situation in Europe on waste management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
2.1. Increasing waste quantities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
2.2. Recycling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11
2.3. Incineration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13
2.4. Landfilling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
2.4.1. EU directive on landfilling of biodegradable municipal waste. . . . . . 14
2.5. Landfill taxes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16
2.6. Producer responsibility for packaging waste. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16
3. European activities on waste minimisation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
3.1. Producer responsibility. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19
3.2. Voluntary agreements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20
3.3. Legislative requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21
3.4. Information programmes encouraging waste prevention. . . . . . . . . . . .
22
3.5. Taxes and fees on waste generation and disposal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
23
4. Summary and conclusions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25
Literature. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26
Annex 1: 10 cases on waste minimisation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
Annex 2: Full list of waste minimisation initiatives case studies.. .... ... ... ...
50

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