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Heisenberg W - Physics and Philosophy - (Penguin, 1958) WW

Heisenberg W - Physics and Philosophy - (Penguin, 1958) WW

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PENGUIN BOOKS
Physics and Philosophy
 A winner of the Nobel Prize, Werner Heisenberg was born in
1901
in Wurzberg, Germany. He studiedphysics at the University of Munich and for his Ph.D. wrote a dissertation on turbulence in fluid streams.Interested in Niels Bohr
'
s account of the planetary atom, Heisenberg studied under Max Born at theUniversity of Gottingen and then, in
1924,
went to the Universitets Institut for Teoretisk Fysik in Copen-hagen, where he studied under Bohr. In
1925
he published a paper, `About the Quantum-theoreticalReinterpretation of Kinetic and Mechanical Relationships', in which he proposed a reinterpretation of thebasic concepts of mechanics, and this was followed by the publication of his indeterminacy principle in
1927.
In that year he became professor at the University of Leipzig and held the post until
1941,
when hewas appointed director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics in Berlin. After the war he organized andbecame director of the Max Planck Institute for Physics and Astrophysics at Gottingen, later moving withthe institute, in
1958,
to Munich. As a public figure, he actively promoted the peaceful use of atomic powerand, in
1957,
led other German scientists in opposing a move to equip the West German army with nuclearweapons. In
1970
he became Director Emeritus of the Max Planck Institute. Heisenberg was awarded theNobel Prize in
1932
and received numerous other honours. He died in
1976.
Paul Davies is an internationally acclaimed physicist, writer and broad-caster, now based in South Australia.He obtained a Ph.D. from the University of London and has worked at the universities of London,Cambridge, Newcastle upon Tyne and Adelaide. He is currently Professor of Natural Philosophy at the Australian Centre for Astrobiology, Macquarie University, Sydney, and he holds a Visiting Professorship atImperial College in London. His research interests are in the field of black holes, cosmology and quantumgravity. Professor Davies is the author of more than
twenty
books, including, in Penguin,
Superforce,
OtherWorlds, God and the New Physics, The Edge of Infinity, The Mind of God, The Cosmic Blueprint, Are WeAlone?, The Fifth Miracle
and
About Time.
He is the recipient of a Glaxo Science Writers
'
Fellowship, an Advance Australia Award and a Eureka prizefor his contributions to Australian science, and in 1995
 
he won the prestigious Templeton Prize for his work on the deeper meaning of science.
The Mind of God
won the 1992
 
Eureka book prize and was alsoshortlisted for the Rhone-Poulenc Science Book Prize, as was
About Time
in 1996
.
 
WERNER HEISENBERG
Physics and Philosophy
 
The Revolution in Modern Science
Introduction by Paul DaviesPENGUIN BOOKSPenguin Books Ltd, 8o Strand, London wczR 0RL, EnglandPenguin Putnam Inc., 375 Hudson Street, New York, New York 10014, USAPenguin Books Australia Ltd, 250 Camberwell Road, Camberwell, Victoria 3124, Australia Penguin BooksCanada Ltd, 10 Alcorn Avenue, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4V 3B2Penguin Books India (P) Ltd, u, Community Centre, Panchsheel Park, New Delhi – 110 017, India PenguinBooks (NZ) Ltd, Cnr Rosedale and Airborne Roads, Albany, Auckland, New Zealand Penguin Books (South Africa) (Pty) Ltd, 24 Sturdee Avenue, Rosebank 2196, South AfricaPenguin Books Ltd, Registered Offices: 80 Strand, London wczR 0RL, England www.penguin.comFirst published in the USA by Harper & Row Publishers, Inc., New York, New York 1962First published in Great Britain, by arrangement with Harper & Row Publishers,Inc., in Pelican Books 1989Reprinted in Penguin Books 1990Reprinted in Penguin Classics 20003Copyright © Werner Heisenberg, 1958Introduction copyright © Paul Davies, 1989 All rights reserved
 
 Set in 10/12.5 pt Monotype MinionTypeset by Rowland Phototypesetting Ltd, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk Printed and bound in Great Britain by Antony Rowe Ltd.. Chippenham, WiltshireExcept in the United States of America, this book is sold subject to the condition that it shall not, by way of trade or otherwise, be lent, re-sold, hired out, or otherwise circulated without the publisher
'
s prior consentin any form of binding or cover other than that in which it is published and without a similar conditionincluding this condition being imposed on the subsequent purchaser
Contents
Introduction by Paul Davies vii An Old and a New Tradition 1The History of Quantum Theory 3The Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Theory 14Quantum Theory and the Roots of Atomic Science 26The Development of Philosophical Ideas SinceDescartes in Comparison with the New Situationin Quantum Theory 39The Relation of Quantum Theory to Other Partsof Natural Science 53The Theory of Relativity 67Criticism and Counterproposals to the CopenhagenInterpretation of Quantum Theory 82Quantum Theory and the Structure of Matter 97Language and Reality in Modern Physics 113The Role of Modern Physics in the PresentDevelopment of Human Thinking
 
129viBlank pagevii

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