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Essential Steps of air accident investigation and Impediments to investigation

Essential Steps of air accident investigation and Impediments to investigation

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Published by muhammad
this document describes the essential steps of air crash investigation and also describe the impediments to investigators.
this document describes the essential steps of air crash investigation and also describe the impediments to investigators.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: muhammad on Jul 07, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Final Term Assignment of 
Aircraft Accident Investigation-1
Course instructor:
W/C Imran Ahmad
BS Aviation Management
Semester 7
Submitted by:
Muhammad Arslan Aslam BAM -9234
What are the essential steps to carry out aircraft accident investigation?What are the impediments to investigation of aircraft accident?
When an aircraft crashes, it is important to investigate the cause, so that we can learn fromit and prevent it in the future.
Issuance of Notification at first
When an air accident occurs, first step is taken by the state of occurrence, is to notify theaccident to the state of registry, state of design, state of manufacture, state of operator. If,in any case, state of occurrence is not aware of a serious accident, state of operator or stateof registry will notify the aircraft accident.
Investigation of Aircraft Accident or serious incident (Steps)
Investigation is always in alert position before an aircraft accident occurs. When it occurs,investigation starts.Aircraft accident investigation process consists of following steps after the isolation of aircrash site as soon as possible.
Gathering of Accident relevant data in a methodical manner
Following steps will be included in this step of accident investigation
Examining the wreckage (site visitation);
the investigator visits the site andexamine the scattered and main wreckage and collects data through photography.The photography is taken by special photographer.
Medical examination (autopsy examination) of victims in the accident;
 autopsy examinations are also taken to identify the condition of the victims beforethe accident.
Obtain aircraft related data;
like Aircraft type, manufacturing company,passengers on board, engines manufacturing company.
Review of all relevant documents;
certificate of airworthiness and certificate of maintenance and the most important is flight plan.
Review of procedures of flight operation
; all procedures that were included inthe whole flight from take off to landing or parking.
Review of potential legal issues;
local laws and regulations
 Interviews of Witnesses (individuals) with knowledge of facts (operational  personnel at there);
it includes the interviews from eye witnesses and otheroperational personnel worked in aviation environment.
Analysis of Collected Data
Evaluating the evidences of witnesses;
it includes the evaluation of witnesses’ 
statements whether those are matching with the situation or not.
Matching/evaluating of CVR or FDR and ATCO recordings and transcriptions;
 CVR or FDR are true evidences of the accident occurred because these would tellwhat actually was happened.
Report the finding;
in findings basic reasons of the accidents were mentioned.
Documenting the investigation;
Draft final report will be issued and after thatfinal report will be issued after the 12 months of the accident and
if final report is notprepared due to continuing some investigation process then it will be updated eachyear.
Making Recommendations regarding accident avoidance;
Recommendations would be given to the authorities and implemented them afterapproval of them.
Take appropriate actions for improvement.
If there will be need of change in some procedure or any facility or operation, then it will beimplemented and came in practice for improvement.
Impediments to Investigation
Following impediments might be present during investigation:
Not access to the true evidence;
every air crash investigator want to explore the hiddenreasons/conditions to find out the true reasons of air crash
. Sometimes they didn’t
getaccess to such
evidences that would be tarnish someone’s image so some cases take many
years to resolve/to take an end. It can be due to the uncooperativeness of people.
Some witnesses don’t want to discuss the
accident properly
because of (fear)
not having the responsibility of the accident or some witnesses
definemany unneeded things.
Sometimes witnesses are not ready to talk about the accidentbecause they are shock after some days of the accident. Some witnesses have differentbackground than other people
, they didn’t want to give evidence
as expected by the

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