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Building Green

Building Green

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Published by vikram1991

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Published by: vikram1991 on Jul 08, 2012
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BUILDING GREEN - PRACTICES AND CHALLENGES
 
CHANDRA PRAKASH KAMANA1- V.S.R.S SARMA SALAGRAMA2
 
Dr. E.E ESCULTURA3
 
1&2: B.Tech Mechanical , G.V.P College of Engineering and Student Members,Indian Society of Heating Refrigeration and Air conditioning Engineers, VisakhapatnamChapter
 
3: Research Professor, Lakshmikantham Institute for Advanced Studies and Departmentsof Mathematics and Physics, GVP College of Engineering, JNT University, Madhurawada, Visakhapatnam, AP India
 
 Abstract
 Sustainable development is a pattern of resource use that aims to meet human needs whilepreserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but also for futuregenerations. A sustainable building, or green building is an outcome of a design which focuses on-environment friendly design, energy efficiency, water conservation, rain water harvesting, sewagetreatment, recycling of treated effluent, zero waste water discharge, fire safety, excellent indoor airquality, day lighting, and building management including lighting controls by lux level as well asoccupancy, and fresh air on demand. Air conditioning consumes nearly 25% of world energy and a major contribution can be made by thisindustry towards reducing global warming. We keep our homes and work places cool in summer and warm in winter. The sum total of all our pollutions has already added half a million million tons of carbon-dioxide to the atmosphere which has changed the world so completely that hardly any of ourdecedents will be there to see it. We will be thinking selfishly only of welfare of humans and ignoringGaia (A thin spherical shell of matter that surrounds the incandescent interior) have caused our ownextinction. To overcome this situation, we all have to work to lessen the footprint of humans onearth.The paper also includes the understanding of green practices opted in the GRUNDFOS Chennai(gold rated green building).The OVERALL GOAL of this paper is learning how to deliver Planet Earth to the next generation sothat it will be a cleaner and more energizing place than the planet we inherited.Keywords: Sustainable development, Green building, Grand Unified Theory, LEED, GRUNFOS, dark matter
 
 General introduction:This paper is the third in the continuing series of papers on the theme, A FRAMEWORK FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. The theme has two components. One is on the green buildingmovement and the advantages of green buildings with respect to energy conservation, enhancementof environmental health, utilization of waste, e.g., recycling, and, in the future, bioengineering todevelop micro-organisms that can help clean up the environment. For example, some organism has been bioengineered to break up the molecules of oil spill so that it can be absorbed by the rightcompound and clean up the spill. A new metal-based organism that breathes metal has beendiscovered 2 miles underground in the mine field of South Africa up certain computer pollution. Thispaper and the first paper, BUILDING GREEN FOR SUSTAINABILITY, belong to this component.The other component is concerned with the generation and accumulation of value (wealth) todevelop a particular society, India in this case. The second paper, SHIP BUILDING INDUSTRY ININDIA & KOREA 
A CASE STUDY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT, belongs to the lattercomponent.108 volts per cm according engineer Seike, Jr.[7]. (For more on dark matter see [1, 2, 3, 4, 5])
Thetheme has an underlying perspective: It stresses not only the importance of technology for industrialdevelopment but also gives priority to GUT-technology based on the conversion of dark to visiblematter (GUT is grand unified theory [2]). Dark matter is not only abundant and inexhaustible andavailable everywhere in the Cosmos and around us but also clean and environment friendly. Just tohave a sense of its abundance, the energy density of dark matter according the physicist De Broglie isI026 per cubic foot[7] or the equivalent of 1018 kg using relativistic conversion[6] or 8.8Introduction With the Industrial revolution of last 200 years, we have taken away much more from our Planetthan in all the history of human race of several thousand years. The global Warming has resulted intoa sick planet, and there are no medical facilities or treatment for curing the illness of the Earth exceptthrough human endeavor.Climate change and its mitigation have become a prime concern for scientists and environmentaliststhe world over, for survival of human race on the Planet Earth. In India, Confederation of IndianIndustries, under the aegis of the Indian Green Building Council, is addressing the climate changeissue through the green building movement.[10] Air conditioning consumes nearly 25% of world energy and a major contribution can be made by thisindustry towards reducing global warming. The world today is talking about moving from Green
Buildings to „Z‟ Buildings i.e Zero Energy Bui
ldings or Carbon Neutral Buildings. Even though Indiahas set the tone for this second green revolution by introduction of Mandatory EIA studies for largeprojects, initiatives by Bureau of Energy Efficiency and introduction of Green Building ratingsystems, however, it is important to involve our entire asset of one billiion people and lead the world[11].Green concepts and techniques can help to address national issues like handling of consumer waste, water efficiency, reduction in fossil fuel use in commuting, energy efficiency and conserving naturalresources. Most importantly, these concepts can enhance occupant health, happiness and wellbeing.Residential sector is contributing 75-80% of the total real estate The housing requirement up to 2012is estimated at Rs. 500,000 Cr. Green building practices adopted in residential buildings cansubstantially reduce or eliminate negative environmental impacts. As an added benefit, green homesreduce operating costs, enhance marketability in case of residential apartments, and reduce healthproblems.
 
 LEED:Indian Green Building Council has been the initiative of Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) forpromoting green buildings in India. The Indian Green Building Council has active association withthe USGBC in forming the rating system in India. The vision of the IGBC is to serve as a single pointservice provider and be a key engine to facilitate all green buildings in India.[10]The Leadership in Energy and Environment Design Green building rating system is a nationally andinternationally accepted benchmark for the design, construction and operation of high performancegreen buildings. To facilitate the adoption of green building practices relevant to the local climateand regional practices, IGBC is working on the development of new rating programs. The launch of 
the „IGBC Green Homes‟ rating system is an important step in this direction[9,12].
 LEED-India started in the year 2003 with three types of rating systems viz., for new constructions(Government and corporate sector); for Core and shell (Malls, IT parks etc.) and for Green Homes(Residential).LEED Rating program Type of BuildingLEED India for New Construction Residential buildings of 4 or more habitable storiesLEED India for Core & Shell Rented/ Leased commercial buildingsLEED for commercial Interiors Tenant or self-occupied spacesLEED for existing buildings Existing buildings occupied for at least 2 yearsRating System:In LEED v2.2 for new construction and major renovations for commercial buildings there are 69possible points and buildings can qualify for four levels of certification:Platinum (52-69 points)Gold (39-51 points)Silver (33-38 points)Certified (26-31points)The above points/credits are given based on six categories
• Sustainable sites
 
• Water efficiency 
 

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