Case control studies, often called „retrospectivestudies‟ are a common first approach to test
Porta‟s dictionary of epidemiology defines the
case control study as an observationalepidemiological study of persons with thedisease of interest and a suitable control groupof persons without the disease.
A case control study is a type of study designin epidemiology. Case control studies areused to identify factors that may contribute toa medical condition by comparing subjectswho have that condition (the cases) withpatients who do not have the condition butare otherwise similar (the controls)