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The Essence of Buddha Abhidhamma - Dr. Mehm Tin Mon

The Essence of Buddha Abhidhamma - Dr. Mehm Tin Mon

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Published by LucasDANG
The Essence of Buddha Abhidhamma - Dr. Mehm Tin Mon
The Essence of Buddha Abhidhamma - Dr. Mehm Tin Mon

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Published by: LucasDANG on Jul 08, 2012
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07/13/2012

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THE ESSENCE OFBUDDHA ABHIDHAMMADR. MEHM TIN MONSaddhhama Jotikadhaja, Ph.D
 
BRIEF BIOGRAPHY OF THE AUTHOR Dr. M. Tin Mon, B.Sc.Hons., M.Sc., Ph. D.Saddhamma Jotikadhaja( Adviser to the Ministry of Religious Affairs, Union of Myanmar )
He was born in kamawet village, Mudon township, Mon State. Union of Myanmar, on January13, 1934.His parents were U Yaw In and Daw Sein Tan who were devout Buddhists. They belonged tothe Mon race and made their living by farming.Mehm Tin Mon attended Kamawet Primary School and Mudon State High School where hetopped his class every year.He passed the High School Leaving Examination in 1951 with distinctions in Mathematics andGeneral Science. He also passed the Matriculation Examination in the same year from the firstdivision with distinction in Mathematics.He joined the University of Yangon in 1951. In the Intermediate Examination held in 1953, hescored the highest marks in Mathematics and Chemistry, and he was awarded the University HoeWah Kain Gold Medal as well as the University Scholarship.In the Bachelor of Science Examination held in 1955, he stood first with distinctions inPhysics, Chemistry and Pure Mathematics. Again he was awarded a University gold medal calledEsoof Bimiah Gold Medal.In 1956 he passed the B.Sc. Honours Examination in Chemisry with flying colours and a thirdUniversit gold medal called U Shwe Lay Gold Medal was awarded to him.In 1957 he went to the United States of America to study at the University of Illinois on a StateScholarship sponsored by the Government of the Union of Myanmar. Here also he was awardedthe University Fellowship for two consecutive years for his outstanding scholastic record. Hegained the Master of Science Degree in1958 and the Doctorate Degree in 1960. He also wonmembership to Phi Lambaa Upsilon Society and Sigma Xi Society.He served his country for more than 36 years from 1956 to 1992 working as Lecturer and Headof Department of Chemistry in several Institutes and finally as Professor of Chemistry in theUniversity of Mawlamyine (Moulmein). He retired from Professorship on December 1, 1992.During his service to the State, he headed the Buddhist Association of the Institute of Medicine
 
(I), the Buddhist Association of the Institute of Education and the Buddhist Association of Mawlamyine University. He also served as Secretary and later as President of the Central BuddhistAssociation of Universities and Institutes in Yangon from 1983 to 1986. He succeeded in raisingfunds and building the beautiful two-storeyed Dhammayone (Community Hall for religious purposes) and the sacred Shrine (Pagoda) in the University of Mawlamyine.Dr. Tin Mon also excelled in religious examinations. He stood first in the AbhidhammaExamination (Ordinary Level) in 1981. He also stood first in the Abhidhamma Examination(Honours Level) in 1983. Again in 1984 he stood first in the Visuddhi Magga Examination. Theseexaminations are held annually in Myanmar by the Department of Religious Affairs.Dr. Tin Mon has written over thirty books on education as well as on Buddhism. He travelledthroughout Myanmar deliverng lectures on Buddhism and conducting short intensive classes of Abhidhamma. He was awarded the title of Saddhamma Jotakadhaja by the Government of theUnion of Myanfliat in 1994 for his outstanding contribution to the propagation of Buddhism.Dr. Tin Mon was appointed as an Adviser to the Ministry of Religious Affairs on August 1,1993, and he has been serving the State in this capacity ever since.PREFACEBUDDHA'S TEACHINGSThe teachings of Lord Buddha in the course of 45 years of His Buddhahood have been dividedinto three collections called Tipitaka in pali, meaning 'Three Baskets' literally.The first collection is known as 'Sutta pitaka'. It is the conventional teaching ( Vohara desana)in which Buddha used common vocabulary to explain His teachings. Practical aspects of tranquility and insight meditations are included in this collection.The second collection is called 'Vinaya pitaka'. It is the authoritative teaching (Ana desana) inwhich Buddha used His authority over the monks to lay down rules and disciplines for them tofollow. These disciplines embody the highest code of ethics and can surely purify one's action,speech and thought, thus making one noble and respectful.The third collection is 'Abhidhamma pitaka'. It is the higher teaching of the Buddha. HereBuddha employed abstract terms to describe the ultimate realities (paramatthas) in the Universeand Nibbana which is the summum bonum and the highest goal of Buddhism.So Abhidhamma may be regarded as the ultimate teaching (Paramattha desana) of LordBuddha.The principles and the causal relations which Buddha expounded in Abhidhamma are sonatural, so logical and so beautiful that they can pin-point the root cause of miseries in the worldand the ways to eradicate these miseries.The most wonderful thing about Buddha's teachings is that the teachings contain both theory

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