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Chapter 4-Piezoelectric Ceramics

Chapter 4-Piezoelectric Ceramics

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Piezoelectric Ceramics
EBB 443Dr. Sabar D. HutagalungSchool of Materials & Mineral Resources Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia
 
Piezoelectric effect
Discovered in 1880 by Jacques and PierreCurie during studies into the effect ofpressure on the generation of electricalcharge by crystals (such as quartz).
Piezoelectricity is defined as a change inelectric polarization with a change inapplied stress (direct piezoelectric effect).
Theconverse piezoelectric effectis thechange of strain or stress in a material dueto an applied electric field.
 
Piezoelectric effect
The linear relationship between stress
ik 
 
applied to a piezoelectric material andresulting charge density
 
is known as thedirect
 
piezoelectric effectand may be writtenas
where
ijk 
 
(C N
−1
)
 
is a third-rank tensor ofpiezoelectric coefficients.

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