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Comparative study on the situation in the 27 Member States as regards the law applicable to noncontractual obligations arising out of violations of privacy and rights relating to personality

Comparative study on the situation in the 27 Member States as regards the law applicable to noncontractual obligations arising out of violations of privacy and rights relating to personality

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Published by mary eng
Comparative study on the situation in the 27 Member States as regards the law applicable to noncontractual obligations arising out of violations of privacy and rights relating to personality. JLS/2007/C4/028. Annex III

C OMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE SITUATION IN THE 27 M EMBER S TATES
AS REGARDS THE LAW APPLICABLE TO NON - CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS ARISING OUT OF VIOLATIONS OF PRIVACY AND RIGHTS RELATING TO PERSONALITY ANNEX III – EU 27 National Reports

Customer:

European Commission Directorate Gene
Comparative study on the situation in the 27 Member States as regards the law applicable to noncontractual obligations arising out of violations of privacy and rights relating to personality. JLS/2007/C4/028. Annex III

C OMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE SITUATION IN THE 27 M EMBER S TATES
AS REGARDS THE LAW APPLICABLE TO NON - CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS ARISING OUT OF VIOLATIONS OF PRIVACY AND RIGHTS RELATING TO PERSONALITY ANNEX III – EU 27 National Reports

Customer:

European Commission Directorate Gene

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Published by: mary eng on Jul 09, 2012
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12/28/2012

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Comparative study on the situation in the 27Member States as regards the law applicable to non-contractual obligations arising out of violations of privacy and rights relating to personality.
JLS/2007/C4/028. Annex III
 
1
C
OMPARATIVE STUDY ON THESITUATION IN THE
27
 
M
EMBER
S
TATES AS REGARDS THE LAW APPLICABLE TONON
-
CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS ARISING OUT OF VIOLATIONS OFPRIVACY AND RIGHTS RELATING TOPERSONALITY
 
 ANNEX III – EU 27 National Reports
Customer: European CommissionDirectorate General Justice and Home AffairsDirectorate C: Civil Justice, Rights and CitizenshipDate: November 2008Our Reference: Privacy Study. National Reports.
 
Comparative study on the situation in the 27Member States as regards the law applicable to non-contractual obligations arising out of violations of privacy and rights relating to personality.
JLS/2007/C4/028. Annex III
 
2
Contents
AUSTRIA.....................................................................................................................................................3
 
BELGIUM...................................................................................................................................................8
 
BULGARIA...............................................................................................................................................19
 
CYPRUS....................................................................................................................................................23
 
CZECH REPUBLIC.................................................................................................................................28
 
DENMARK................................................................................................................................................31
 
ESTONIA...................................................................................................................................................35
 
FINLAND..................................................................................................................................................42
 
FRANCE....................................................................................................................................................44
 
GERMANY................................................................................................................................................61
 
GREECE....................................................................................................................................................71
 
HUNGARY................................................................................................................................................75
 
IRELAND..................................................................................................................................................82
 
ITALY........................................................................................................................................................87
 
LATVIA.....................................................................................................................................................91
 
LITHUANIA..............................................................................................................................................96
 
LUXEMBOURG.....................................................................................................................................100
 
MALTA....................................................................................................................................................105
 
NETHERLANDS....................................................................................................................................111
 
POLAND..................................................................................................................................................115
 
PORTUGAL ...........................................................................................................................................121
 
ROMANIA...............................................................................................................................................125
 
SLOVAKIA.............................................................................................................................................129
 
SLOVENIA..............................................................................................................................................132
 
SPAIN.......................................................................................................................................................135
 
SWEDEN.................................................................................................................................................141
 
UNITED KINGDOM..............................................................................................................................145
 
 
Comparative study on the situation in the 27Member States as regards the law applicable to non-contractual obligations arising out of violations of privacy and rights relating to personality.
JLS/2007/C4/028. Annex III
 
3
AUSTRIA
1
 
1.
 
National rules
In Austria, personal privacy personality rights (“Persönlichkeitsrechte”) are a very wide conceptand materialised in different ways: both civil law and public law including criminal law maketheir specific contributions. It also includes the right to physical integrity and sexual self-determination but we focussed our description on personality rights typically infringed bycommunication media. We further limited our description to civil rights, although many personality rights have a counterpart in criminal law (e.g. defamation)
General clause:
Article 16 of the Austrian Civil Code (ABGB) dating from 1811 provides that every human being has “natural rights” by the fact of its birth and is therefore considered as a person. Today,this provision is seen as general norm protecting human personality, dignity and identity andtherefore interpreted by case law as general personality right and blanket clause for the protection of privacy and personality rights in case of non-existence of any other specific law. Itis therefore a very important legal norm in this respect.
 Right to protect privacy:
Article 1328a ABGB provides that everyone who infringes the privacy of another person by notrespecting diligence duties has to pay compensation and extra compensation for immaterialdamage. This term is not applicable if the infringement is caused by communication media asthese cases are regulated by the Austrian Communication Media Act (MedienG) being the lexspecialis.
 Article 6 Austrian Communication Media Act 
(MedienG) gives a persons defamed, insulted,ridiculed or libelled by communication media the right to compensation for the offense suffered,except if the infringement occurred in/concerns debates in the national or local parliaments thecontent of the publication is true or the interest of the public in receiving information prevails(only in case of defamation) live broadcasting on TV without infringing due diligence thecontent of a web page without infringing due diligence is a true statement of a third party andthe interest of the public in receiving information prevailsIf the infringement affects private life, the right to compensation is only excluded if the contentof the publication is true or if it was broadcasted on TV.
 Article 7 MedienG
protects strictly personal matters of private life. If a communication mediaexhibits or discusses strictly personal matters of private life, the person concerned has a right tocompensation against this communication media. This is excluded if the infringement occurredin/concerns
 
debates in the national or local parliaments
1
MAG. KONRAD LENNEIS and UBC (University of the Basque Country).
 
Special attention was paid to thedocument on libel and the press and media prepared by the Secretariat of the CDMC [Spanish contemporary music broadcasting centre] for the Council of Europe. CDMC (2006)007.
 

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