Noah: entrusted with the word of God’s judgment (Gen 7:4)c.
Abraham (and Patriarchs): both patriarch and prophet (Gen 20:7)
Aaron: both prophet and priest (Exod 7:1)e.
Miriam: example of female ‘prophetess’ (Exod 15:20)f.
Moses: greatest of all prophets (Deut 34:10)g.
Balaam: unrighteous “prophet” (Num 22–24; cf. Deut 23:5–6: “a diviner”)2.
The Historical Books:a.
Samuel: first of the ‘classic prophets’ (1 Sam 3:20)b.
Nathan: prophet during reign of David (2 Samuel 7)c.
Elijah: one of the greatest prophetsd.
Elisha: disciple of Elijah; “father” of prophetic ‘school’ or ‘family’ (2 Kgs 9:1)e.
Huldah: wife of the royal wardrobe keeper (2 Kgs 22:14)3.
The Prophetic Literature: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, etc.
Moses as the Prophet
Standard-bearer of a “prophet” (Deut 34:10)Deut 34:10–12: “And there has not arisen a prophet since in Israel like Moses, whom the L
knew face to face,
none like him for all the signs and the wonders which the L
sent him to doin the land of Egypt, to Pharaoh and to all his servants and to all his land,
and for all the mighty power and all the great and terrible deeds which Moses wrought in the sight of all Israel.”2.
Divine commissioning accompanied by theophany (Exod 3–4)3.
Unique relationship with Goda.
Speaks to God “face to face” (Num 12:6–8; Deut 34:10)b.
Receives information to pass along to others
To Pharaoh (Exod 6:20–22)ii.
To Israel (Exod 19:3)iii.
To Aaronic priests (Lev 19:1–2)4.
Specific instructions for particular people (Exod 14:1–4; Num 9:1–5; 16:23–24)b.
Enduring legislation (e.g., Exod 20–23; Lev 1:1–7:37)5.
Intercessory role (Exod 32:7–14; Num 14:10b–25)6.
Performs Signs / Mighty Deedsa.
Miraculous staff, power over leprosy, & turning the Nile into blood (cf. Exod 4:1–9)b.
The ten plagues (cf. Exod 5:1–12:51)c.
The parting of the Red Sea (cf. Exod 14:1–15:12)d.
The quail and manna from heaven (cf. Exod 16:1–36)e.
Producing water from the rock (cf. Exod 17:1–7; Num 20:2–13)f.
Constructing a bronze serpent that healed those who looked at it (cf. Num 21:4–9)
ecstasy that Adam had just experienced he was able to say this as a prophet under divine guidance” (
On the Literal Interpretation of Genesis
See Clement of Alexandria, “Among the Hebrews the prophets spoke by the power and inspiration of God. Before the lawthere was Adam, who used a power of prophecy over the woman and over the naming of animals; Noah, preaching repentence;Abraham, Isaac and Jacob offering a clear foreshadowing of a large number of events future or imminent” (
See, e.g., B. Buller, “Prophets, Prophecy,” in
Dictionary of the Old Testament Pentateuch
(Downers Grove: InterVarsityPress, 2003), 664–665. See also the comments by David Stacey,
Prophetic Drama in the Old Testament
(Westminster: Epworth,1990), 57: “From one point of view Moses is a prophet
But Moses is a figure on his own.”
See Scot McKnight, “Jesus and Prophetic Actions,”
Bulletin for Biblical Research
10/2 (2000): 218–22, who lists manyothers: the throwing of a tree into undrinkable water making it sweet (Exod 15:23–26; cf. Josephus,
3:5–8; 4Q364–365 6, II,