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Banana 1

Banana 1

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Published by: lavekarmba8070 on Jan 09, 2009
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07/19/2012

 
INTRODUCTION
India is developing country so far as the industrial developmentis concerned. As per as our Marathwada region is concernedGovernment of Maharashtra willing to establish rapid industrialdevelopment in Marathwada.Government of India (GOI) has announced a number of monetary incentives and relief to encourage commercialization andvalue additions to agricultural produce. India's diverse agro climaticconditions and also wide-ranging and large raw material availabilitythroughout the year are suitable factors for the growth of food processing industry. No industrial license is required for almost all of the food &agro processing industries except some items. Use of foreign brandnames is now freely permitted. Capital goods can now be freelyimported, including the second hand machinery in the food-processingsector. Moreover, excise as well as import duty has been substantiallyreduced and export linked duty free imports is also allowed. At present, value addition is made only in small percentage oagricultural produce, especially in fruits and vegetables. Even though
 
India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables, wastageand value loss is very high. Primary food industry is a major industryin India with thousands of bakeries, traditional food units, and fruits,vegetable & spice processing units.Packaged food products are slowly penetrating the large Indianmarket of growing segment of middle class. The size of these semi- processed, ready-to-eat food segments of bread, biscuits, bakery products, chocolates, Soya based products, ready-to-eat pasta products, etc. The busy life in Metropolitan and urban areas havegiven boost to food processing industry in India. Ready to eat and fastfood parlors are expanded all over the country and abroad.One of the most important fruits in India - banana occupiesabout 30 thousand hectares area with an annual production of about47.72 thousand tones while Maharastra accounts for the highest production of bananas in the country. The other banana producingstates are Tamilnadu, M.P., Kerala and Orrisa.Generally banana is consumed as a fruit. It is very cheapas compare to other fruits. So the fruit can be eaten by people who arevery rich and poor because of its less price and also it contains
 
carbohydrates, vitamins, proteins, minerals etc. Banana is also calledas poor family’s fruit.A rich and nutritious source of energy producing food, bananacontains about 24.0% Carbohydrate, 1.3% protein, 0.4% fat, 0.8% ash& 73.5% water and a reasonable amount of vitamins A, B & C. It isconsumed in several varieties of preparations and forms. When raw, itis used as a vegetable for cooking purposes and is easily digestible.When it gets ripe, the pulp gets soft, sweet and has a pleasant aroma.The various commercial products, which can be made out of banana,are chips/wafers, pulp, juice, powder and figs.The fruit and vegetable processing activities have been set up, or have to be established in developing countries for one or other of thefollowing reasons:
diversification of the economy, in order to reduce presentdependence on one export commodity;
government industrialisation policy;
reduction of imports and meeting export demands;
stimulate agricultural production by obtaining marketable products;

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