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LA OPCIÓN DECOLONIAL

LA OPCIÓN DECOLONIAL

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recorrido de síntesis especulativa localizando una cuestión central en los estudios
sociales de nuestro tiempo: el/los discurso/s o, de otro modo, la cuestión “retórica” y sus diversas manifestaciones discursivas
recorrido de síntesis especulativa localizando una cuestión central en los estudios
sociales de nuestro tiempo: el/los discurso/s o, de otro modo, la cuestión “retórica” y sus diversas manifestaciones discursivas

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Published by: El rincón de Anahí on Jul 09, 2012
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02/02/2015

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LI N[HBØA ECHNLNABIL
 {nw _slji [ilcwjn, Sabv! Aih! ec Xilui
Hwcn achcxiwbn babhbiw cxuc wchnwwben ec xêaucxbx cx{chsliubvi lnhilbziaen sai hscxubøa hcauwil ca lnx cxusebnxxnhbilcx ec ascxuwn ubcj{n? cl.lnx ebxhswxn.x n, ec nuwn jnen, li hscxubøa “wcuøwbhi‚ r xsx ebvcwxix jiabfcxuihbnacxebxhswxbvix! Cx {cwubacauc, {nw ln uiaun, baucwwndiwxc xngwc li bahbecahbi ecl nweca wcuøwbhn ca li hnaxuwshhbøa ec lnxjnenx ec hndabhbøa xnhbilP9Z! Baucwcxi hcauwiljcauc i lnx ngocubvnx ec li “n{hbøa echnlnabil‚, hscxubnacx wcliubvix ili dcacwihbøa ec fnwjix ec hnanhbjbcaun ilucwaiubvix, fsaeieix ca sa {wbahb{bn ysc an cxhi{i i li lødbhi ec lijnecwabeie ca xsx ubcj{nx uiweênx *hnaxbecwienx uijgbâa “{nxjnecwanx‚*, xcdÿa li ysc ebhmn hnanhbjbcaun ‘hnjn hsilysbcw nuwn* cxué wcdben {nw sa nweca becnlødbhn ysc wcx{naec i sai jiacwi ec jbwiw r migbuiw cl jsaenecxec ecfbabhbnacx dcn{nlêubhix n{cwieix {nw cl {necwP7Z!Baucwcxi, caunahcx, iucaecw i li fnwjihbøa ec sa ebxhswxn ysc xc vbcac dcxuiaen {nw cl {caxijbcaun echnlnabil,nwbcauien i eiw fnwji i sai “c{bxucjnlndêi ec fwnaucwi‚ ecxec . ca Ijâwbhi Liubai, hnjn sai i{scxui ilucwaiubvii li lødbhi jnanuø{bhi ec li jnecwabeie hsri wcuøwbhi nhslui xs nuwi hiwi, li ec li hnlnabilbeie! [nw cxui vêi, clebxhswxn ucøwbhn ysc ihé baucauiwâ xbaucubziw xc hnaxubusrc xngwc sai {wchnaebhbøa âubhi ca {nx ec li echnlnabzihbøaec lix jcaucx *r li lbgcwihbøa ec lnx hscw{nx* {iwi cahnauwiw fnwjix ec vbei jéx osxuix, ca hnbahbecahbi hna lnxfsaeijcaunx ecl Fnwn Xnhbil ec [nwun Ilcdwc r xs wcuøwbhi? “Nuwn jsaen cx {nxbglc‚!Cxuc casahbien ecfbac ebhmn hiwéhucw âubhn c baxuili, hnjn {wbjcw clcjcaun ebxhswxbvn, li anhbøa ec “nuwceie‚ ec sa{wnrchun ysc gsxhi bw jéx illé ec lix {nlêubhix ec wc{wcxcauihbøaP8Z xsxucauieix ca cl {wbahb{bn ec sa “san jbxjn‚  hnaxuwsben {nw cl {caxijbcaun ec li jnecwabeie! Cx âxui sai {nlêubhi dcacwiei i {iwubw ec sa “nuwn‚ ysc migli {nwxê r ysc, {nw ln uiaun, xc ebxuiahbi ec iyscl xsxucauien ca li ilucwbzihbøa ec unen ln iocan i cxc hcauwn “rnbhn‚ yscuwiui ec gnwwiw xs {wcxcahbi *cl cswn{cn nhhbecauil jnecwan* c}hlsrcauc ec unei nuwi c}bxucahbi, r ysc {sxn cafsahbnaijbcaun sai jiysbaiwbi ec {necw, {necw hnlnabil! Âxuc, babhbien hna li hnaysbxui ec Ijâwbhi r igiwhiaenunenx lnx abvclcx ecl fsahbnaijbcaun xnhbil -chnanjêi, {nlêubhi, wclbdbøa, wclihbnacx msjiaix, {wneshhbøa hsluswil rec hnanhbjbcaun" ei babhbn i sa {wnhcxn ec “dlngilbzihbøa‚ ysc chlnxbnai ca ascxuwnx eêix, il wiebhilbziwxc cl{iwiebdji ec li jnecwabeie!Cxui “hnjsabeie ec iwdsjcauihbøa‚ ilucwaiubvi *hnjn li ecanjbai Iwuswn Cxhngiw -7;;8"* vi dcacwiaen ascvnxhnahc{unx r sa ascvn lcadsioc ysc bafnwjia xngwc lix hnj{lcoix wclihbnacx ocwéwysbhix ec hlixc, dâacwnP5Z, wizi,xc}n, ca lnx {wnhcxnx dlngilcx dcn{nlêubhnx, dcnhsluswilcx r dcnchnaøjbhnx! [iwi clln xc cfchuÿi sa dbwn wiebhil cali {cwx{chubvi ec lix hbcahbix xnhbilcx jnecwaix, {wnvnhiaen sa “baebxhb{lbaijbcaun‚ ysc, il ecxiwubhsliw clhnanhbjbcaun fwidjcauiwbn, {wnvnhi sai jbwiei ysc iuwivbcxi uneix lix fihcuix ec li {wneshubvbeie msjiai xbac}hc{hbøa -Hixuwn*Døjcz, 7;;; r Hixuwn Døjcz r Jcaebcui, 922=" r dcacwi sa {iwiebdji ilucwaiubvn il nfwchben{nw cl {caxijbcaun ÿabhn hna xs {iwubhsliw cauwijien ocwéwysbhn -Dwnxfndcl, 7;;6"!Cx ecxec cxuc ubcj{n r ixcauienx ca cxc lsdiw ec casahbihbøa ysc xc iwubhsli cl {wnrchun ec wcfcwcahbi ca ildsaixec hsrix anhbnacx migwcjnx ec hcauwiwanx ec bajcebiun r hnahnjbuiaucjcauc, hnjn sai c}bdcahbi bac}hsxiglc,ebxubadsbw cauwc âxuc r lnx cjcwdcaucx ecl “liubanijcwbhiabxjn‚ ec jcebienx ecl x! ]] uiaun hnjn ec lnx ecl{nxhnlnabilbxjn r li xsgilucwabeie hbwhsliaucx ca ascxuwnx eêix!
9! Hwêubhi il [wnrchun Jnecwan . Hnlnabil
Cfchusiei cxui achcxiwbi ebxuiahbi hnahc{usil wiebhn cl {saun ec {iwubei {iwi li hwêubhi il {wnrchunjnecwan.hnlnabil ca cl iaélbxbx ecl fsahbnaijbcaun ec li dlngilbzihbøa r ec xsx cfchunx {iwi gsxhiw ilucwaiubvix ixsx ecxbdabnx, {nabcaen âafixbx ca li hnaxuwshhbøa ec wcecx lnhilcx*dlngilcx ecxec sai ilucwbeie {nlêubhijcaucwcx{naxiglc0 {nw clln uijgbâa xc ebxuiahbi ec li ien{hbøa mnr dcacwilbziei ec ln ysc xc mi eien ca llijiw “{nlêubhijcauc hnwwchun‚! Cxuc lsdiw ec casahbihbøa wcfwihui li jnecwabeie ecxec li c}{cwbcahbi ec li hnlnabilbeie{iwi bauwneshbw sa hscxubnaijbcaun ec lnx “nwêdcacx‚ cx{ihbilcx r ucj{nwilcx ec iysclli! Cxun {nxbgblbui {caxiwecxec li ebx*uiahbi mihbi li hnaxubushbøa ec jsaenx lnhilcx r wcdbnailcx ilucwaiubvnx r {nxbglcx! Cx sa cahsiewchnaxuwsben ecxec li {cwbfcwbi liubanijcwbhiai ecl xbxucji jsaen jnecwan*hnlnabil r ysc gsxhi hnlignwiw ca lic}{lbhihbøa ec lix ebaéjbhix ecl cswnhcauwbxjn ca li {wneshhbøa ec li jnecwabeie r ec lnx baucaunx {nwuwixhcaecwli -Cxhngiw, 7;;8"!Sai ec lix ifbwjihbnacx géxbhix hnaxbxuc ca hnaxbecwiw ysc lnx hnjbcaznx ec li jnecwabeie uil hnjn xc c}{iaecbaucwaihbnailjcauc xc cahscauwia ca li Hnaysbxui ec Ijâwbhi r an ca li {nxucwbnw Blsxuwihbøa n il fbailbziw cl x!]VBBB, {scx cx ca li hnaysbxui enaec xc nwbdbai li hnaxuwshhbøa ecl “nuwn‚ ec Cswn{i0 ca cxuc hnauc}un,Liubanijâwbhi r cl Hiwbgc xc hnaxubusrca ca li {wbjcwi {cwbfcwbi ec li jnecwabeie cswn{ci! Hnjn ln mia {scxun cacvbecahbi lnx cxusebnx xngwc cl {cwênen hnlnabilP3Z, cx ca cxc jnjcaun hsiaen xc {wneshca lnx ecgiucx ucnlødbhnxxngwc lnx “ecwchmnx ec dcaucx‚ r hsiaen xc baxuilia lnx {wbahb{bnx jéx wiebhilcx ec li ebfcwcahbi âuabhiP6Z! Xcebxuiahbi, {nw ln uiaun, ecl lcdien c}hlsrcauc ec li jnecwabeie r ec li xchscahbi lbacil ysc calizi li hsluswidwchnliubai hna li hwbxubiaeie r cl jsaen cswn{cn!Nuwi ec xsx becix*fscwzi xc hcauwi ca cl iaélbxbx ecl hnlnabilbxjn r ecl ecxiwwnlln ecl xbxucji jsaebil hi{builbxuihnjn hnaxubusubvnx ec li jnecwabeie0 ca hnaxchscahbi, hnjn dcacwienwcx ec li {cwbfcwbzihbøa ecl “wcxun ecljsaen‚, enjbaien r cahsgbcwun, Cx ln ysc Iaêgil Ysboian mi ecanjbaien hnlnabilbeie ecl {necwP4Zhna limcdcjnaêi baxuiliei ecxec li hnaysbxui r ysc iwubhsli wizi, uwigion, cx{ihbn r dwiaecx dws{nx msjianx cagcacfbhbn ecl hi{buil r ec xsx hslunwcx -lnx gliahnx cswn{cnx"! Cxui fnwji ec caucaecw cl {wnhcxn ec hnlnabilbeie
 
c}ubcaec li jnecwabeie jéx illé ecl hnauc}un cswn{cn {iwi hnahcgbwli ca xs fsahbnaijbcaun {liacuiwbn0 ecxec cxiwclnhilbzihbøa cx {nxbglc ecxiwubhsliw uiaun cl jbun ec xs xs{cwbnwbeie hnjn xs hnahc{hbøa “fésxubhi‚ -[ilcwjn,7;;;i", fsahbnaijbcaun ysc Esxxcl ecanjbai li filihbi ecxiwwnllbxuiP=Z!Li hwêubhi i li jnecwabeie ca xsx ebvcwxix ebjcaxbnacx llcvi i xnxucacw li ecxjbunlndbzihbøa ec li xs{scxui jbxbøa “xilvihbnabxui‚ ec Nhhbecauc r xs hnaxchscauc vbnlcahbi “hnwwchubvi‚, ecxiwubhsliaen li hnahc{hbøa ecxiwwnllbxui r{wndwcxbxui ca li ysc xc xnxubcac r ysc xc babhbiwi hna li hnaysbxui ecl hnaubacaucP2Z!Li hwêubhi jéx fscwuc il {wnrchun ec li jnecwabeie xc hcauwi ca cl jnecln ebxhb{lbaiw r hbcaubfbhbxui eclhnanhbjbcaun?I cxuc ub{n ec jnecln c{bxuâjbhn ecxcn ecanjbaiw li mrgwbx ecl dwien hcwn ‘cx{chsli Hixuwn*Døjcz*! [newêijnxhiwihucwbziwln sublbziaen li jcuéfnwi ucnlødbhi ecl Ecsx ighnaebusx! Hnjn Ebnx, cl ngxcwvienw ngxcwvi cl jsaenecxec sai {liuifnwji bangxcwviei P!!!Z hna cl fba ec dcacwiw sai ngxcwvihbøa vcwiz r fscwi ec unei esei! Hnjn clEbnx ec li jcuéfnwi, li hbcahbi jnecwai nhhbecauil xc xbuÿi fscwi ecl jsaen -ca cl {saun hcwn" {iwi ngxcwviwPlnZ,{cwn i ebfcwcahbi ec Ebnx, an hnaxbdsc ngucacw sai jbwiei nwdéabhi xngwc cl jsaen xban uia xøln sai jbwieiiailêubhi! Li hbcahbi jnecwai {wcucaec sgbhiwxc ca cl {saun hcwn ec ngxcwvihbøa {iwi xcw hnjn Ebnx, {cwn an PlnZlndwi! [nw cxn miglijnx ec li mrgwbx, ecl {chien ec li ecxjcxswi -7;;=? 977*978"!Hcauwiei ixê li hwêubhi il {wnrchun jnecwan.hnlnabil uiaun ca cl coc ec li chnanjêi hnjn ca cl ec li {nlêubhi r ca clec li {wneshhbøa ec hnanhbjbcaun ecxec sai {nxbhbøa ecfbabeijcauc wiebhilbziei {nw wclihbøa hna cl {wnrchundlngil, xsx cfchunx xc idsebzia ca lix wcdbnacx ec li ebfcwcahbi hnaxubusubvi dcacwiei r aiuswilbziei {nw cl {wbahb{bnjnecwan ecl “{wndwcxn‚! Ca cl {wnhcxn iailêubhn*hwêubhn ec li fnwjihbøa ec cxi ebfcwcahbi, il hnavilbeiw cl lien “xs{cwbnw‚, “hbvblbzien‚, “wihbnail‚, “jixhslban‚ ecl {necw, ln Nuwn, ln bavilbeien, yscei fscwi ec li vcweie, caucaebeihiwucxbiaijcauc r ec li mbxunwbi caucaebei mcdclbiaijcauc!Lnhilbziwxc ca nuwn lien, ca li “nuwi nwblli‚, an xbdabfbhi, xba cjgiwdn, hnjn xnxubcac Esxxcl, cl cocwhbhbn ec saihwêubhi ec li wizøa hnjn uil xban ec sai hwêubhi ec li “wizøa vbnlcaui hncwhbubvi r dcanhbei! An ecacdijnx cl aÿhlcnwihbnail ecl wihbnailbxjn sabvcwxilbxui ec li Blsxuwihbøa, xøln xs jnjcaun bwwihbnail hnjn jbun xihwbfbhbil! Anacdijnx li wizøa, ca nuwix {iligwix, xban li bwwihbnailbeie ec li vbnlcahbi dcacwiei {nw cl jbun ec li jnecwabeie!!!‚ -7;;9?62"! [nw clln migli ecxec li hnaxuwshhbøa ec sai uwiax*jnecwabeie ecauwn ec li ysc xc mihc {nxbglc saebélndn hna li ilucwbeie an*cswnhâauwbhi i li vcz ysc sai hwêubhi ec lix xbusihbnacx {nw lix ysc lnx xsgilucwanxfscwna xnjcubenx, dcacwiaen {iwi clln sai hwêubhi an ec{caebcauc, an jbjâubhi ecl {caxijbcaun cswn{cn! Ec cxucjnen wcxslui hcauwil li bahnw{nwihbøa ec lnx hnauwiebxhswxnx ec li ilucwbeie hnaxubusubvi ec li jnecwabeie0 an xcuwiui xøln ec li hwêubhi il ebxhswxn {nw clli xnxucaben -hwêubhi {wn{bi ecl {caxijbcaun {nxjnecwan", xban ec bw jéxillé, ec {caxiw xngwc iyscllnx ebxhswxnx r xngwc lix {wéhubhix ysc bavnlshwia ecxec li {cwx{chubvi ecl nuwn c}hlsben?Li “wcilbzihbøa‚ ec li jnecwabeie ri an ecxhiaxi ca cl {ixioc ec xs {nucahbil igxuwihun i xs “wcil‚, cswn{ci,cahiwaiha! x gbca ecxhiaxi mnr ca sa {wnhcxn ysc uwixhcaeci i li jnecwabeie hnjn uil, saiuwiaxjnecwabeie ca li hsil ijgix, jnecwabeie r ilucwbeie acdiei -lix vêhubjix" hnwwcilbzia cllix jbxjix sa{wnhcxn ec jsusi fcwublbzihbøa hwciubvi! Uwiax*jnecwabeie -hnjn {wnrchun ec {nlêubhi, chnaøjbhi, chnlødbhi,cwøubhi, {ceidødbhi r wclbdbnxi lbgcwihbøa" cx li hn*wcilbzihbøa ec ln ysc cx bj{nxbglc hsj{lbw {iwi li jnecwabeie{nw jbxji? cxun cx, sai xnlbeiwbeie bahnw{nwiubvi ysc mc llijien iailâhubhi, cauwc hcauwn.{cwbfcwbi,mnjgwc.jsocw, ebfcwcaucx wizix, ebfcwcaucx dws{nx âuabhnx, ebfcwcaucx hlixcx, hbvblbzihsbøa.aiuswilczi, hsluswinhhbecauil. hsluswi ecl Ucwhcw Jsaen -Esxxcl, 7;;9? 62*4;"Ca xêaucxbx, xc uwiui ec sa {wnrchun ixcauien ca li hwêubhi il {wnhcxn ec hnaxuwshhbøa ec lix xsgocubvbeiecx {nw cl{wnrchun ec li jnecwabeie, c}ucaeben ecxec cl ecxhsgwbjbcaun ec Ijâwbhi mixui li ascvi mcdcjnaêi {scxui cafsahbnaijbcaun {nw lix {nlêubhix ec dlngilbzihbøa, cx echbw, ecxec lnx hnjbcaznx ecl hi{builbxjn mixui cl llijienhi{builbxjn uiweên!Sai {cwx{chubvi ixê ec igiwhienwi nglbdi i dcacwiw iwubhslihbnacx cauwc lix ebxhb{lbaix uwiebhbnailcx eclhnanhbjbcaun i lnx cfchunx ec mihcw {nxbglc li hnj{wcaxbøa ec cxc hnj{lcon {wnhcxn xnhbil ca xs c}ucaxbøauâj{nwn*cx{ihbil0 ec illê uijgbâa li {wcxcahbi ec cx{chbilbxuix ca lix ebvcwxix ebxhb{lbaix xnhbilcx r msjiaix r li{scxui ca ebxhswxn ecl bj{cwiubvn ec “baebxhb{lbaiwlix hbcahbix xnhbilcxP9;Z! Ca cfchun? sai ec lixuwiaxfnwjihbnacx jéx cvbecaucx ec cxuix {wn{scxuix cx li ec llcviw li {wnglcjiubzihbøa xngwc cl hnanhbjbcaunecxec cl ucwwbunwbn c}hlsxbvn ec lix msjiabuix il ec lix hbcahbix xnhbilcx *hscxubøa ysc ri xc migêi {wneshben {nw li{wcxcahbi fscwuc ec li iauwn{nlndêi* {cwn il jbxjn ubcj{n, ca wcxbdabfbhiw xsx {wbahb{bnx ecxec nuwnx éadslnx?{nlêubhn, chnaøjbhn, xnhbnlødbhn! Ec illê ysc an xøln xc baucaui cl baebxhb{lbaijbcaun ec lix hbcahbix xnhbilcx xbanuijgbâa baxuiliw li {nxbgblbeie ec ucnwbziw jéx illé ec lix ebxhb{lbaix nwecaienwix ecl jsaen ca li jnecwabeieP99Z!Cx hliwn {iwi li bavcxubdihbøa ysc anx nhs{i ysc an xc uwiui xøln ec li baucwvcahbøa ec sa hnanhbjbcaun nuwn ln yscjnebfbhiwé lix hnaebhbnacx ecl jsaen ihusil {scx, i ebfcwcahbi ec lnx {wnrchunx xcucaubxuix, xc ubcac li hnavbhhbøaec ysc “cx baÿubl uwiuiw ec bj{nacwlc i li wcilbeie ascxuwnx ecxcnx r ix{bwihbnacx {nw iuwihubvnx r {lisxbglcx ysc{sebcwia xcw n {iwchcw! Ca lsdiw ec cxn, cx baebx{caxiglc ngxcwviw ca cl cxhcaiwbn ihusil ecl jsaen lix ucaecahbixr {nxbglcx ucaecahbix ysc bj{lbhiwêia nuwix fnwjix ec nwdiabzihbøa, ec becaubfbhihbøa P!!!Z r ec nwdiabzihbøa ec lixnhbceie‚ -Ysboian, 7;;9? 7="!
7! Sai âubhi lbgcwienwi hna dcacilndêi {wn{bi
Cl {iwiebdji cswn{cn hnanhben hnjn “{caxijbcaun {nxjnecwan‚ -{nxjiw}bxjn, {nxcxuwshuswilbxjn,{nxlbgcwilbxjn, cuh" cahlivi ca li uwiebhbøa ec li wiubn jnecwai, r xsx hwêubhix i clli an ilhiazia i hnj{wcaecw liebfcwcahbi ysc xbdabfbhi {caxiw ecxec r ca clli! Ec illê ysc ‘ecxec lix ebxubauix lnhilbzihbnacx dcnhsluswilcx ca lixysc cjcwdca* lnx {wnrchunx echnlnabilcx an {bcaxia li hnj{lcobeie ec lnx {wnhcxnx ecauwn ec lnx {iwiebdjix ec lijnecwabeie r hnjn sa uwigion c}hlsxbvn ecl hij{n bauclchusil, xban ysc baucdwia i lnx dws{nx xsgilucwabzienx {nwclli0 cx ihé enaec cl {wnrchun xc hnaxubusrc hnjn sai âubhi ec li lbgcwihbøa!
 
Li {cwxchshbøa ec cxi “âubhi lbgcwienwihnjn vcwucgwihbøa ec uneix lix {wéhubhix ucøwbhix ysc xc vbcacahnahwcuiaen, wchliji viwbnx jnvbjbcaunx? {nw sa lien, li dcacwihbøa ec sa {caxijbcaun ysc igiwysc li ebvcwxbeieec lnx {wnhcxnx mbxuøwbhnx ysc xc hnwwcx{naeca hna hiei san ec lnx cx{ihbnx ec xcauben ysc mihca i IjâwbhiLiubai, bahlsrcaen iyscllnx ec{nxbuienx ca lix mbxunwbix nwilcx uiaun hnjn lnx baxhwb{unx {nw li hsluswi ec li lcuwi,iecjéx ec lnx jÿlub{lcx høebdnx ysc hbwhsliwna r hbwhslia0 {nw nuwn, ysc âxunx xc hnavilbeca i cxhili jsaebil! [iwiysc uil hnxi ihnauczhi xc {iwuc ‘xcdÿa vbjnx* ec li {wneshhbøa ec sa lcadsioc hwêubhn xngwc li jnecwabeiehnaxuwsben ecxec fscwi ecl {caxijbcaun lndnhâauwbhnP97Z!Hnlnhiwxc ca li c}ucwbnwbeie ecl {caxijbcaun ec li jnecwabeie, xbdabfbhi hnlnhiwxc fscwi ec lix hiucdnwêix hwcieixc bj{scxuix {nw li c{bxucjnlndêi nhhbecauil! An xc uwiui ec acdiwli r hijgbiwli, xban ec ixsjbwli iailêubhijcauc{nabcaen ca ebélndn cl {caxijbcaun hwêubhn ysc xswdc ecxec xs baucwbnwbeie hna cl ysc ecvbcac ec lix hsluswixc}ucwaix i iysâl! Uil ebélndn {nxbgblbui wnj{cw hna li jnanun{êi ec li vcweie ÿabhi, bahlsrcaen ca clli cl i{iwcaucwcliubvbxjn ysc {nxusli li wcuøwbhi ec li {nxjnecwabeie, ca uiaun âxui xbdsc migliaen ecxec li jbxji lødbhi0 xcwchliji, il hnauwiwbn, li baucwihhbøa {wneshubvi hna {cwx{chubvix “nuwix‚, lix cjcwdcaucx ec li ebfcwcahbi hnlnabilysc xc cauwiji hnjn hnaxchscahbi ecl {necw hnlnabil!Ca cfchun, li hnlnabilbeie ecl {necw cxuiglchbø li ebfcwcahbi c{bxuâjbhi hnlnabil cauwc cl xsocun hndanxhcauc r lnxxsocunx i xcw hnanhbenx0 cx echbw, xbdaø c{bxucjnlødbhijcauc li c}hlsxbøa ec unei {nxbgblbeie ec {wneshhbøa ecxigcw i li ilucwbeie n c}ucwbnwbeie ec xs {wn{bi xsgocubvbeie, llcviaen i ysc cxc nuwn il ysc xc mihc wcfcwcahbiecxec cl ebxhswxn jnanuø{bhn miri baucwailbzien xs wnl ec ngocun r an ec {wneshunw ec hnanhbjbcaun! Xsocun {ixbvnr iuien i li jêjcxbx, yscei iuwi{ien ca lix wcecx ec sa ÿabhn xigcw, iocan i li c}{cwbcahbi ec li {wn{bi jcjnwbixnhbil!Uil ebfcwcahbi xc xnxubcac ca li hlixbfbhihbøa ecl {liacui ecauwn ecl bjidbaiwbn jnecwan.hnlnabil {nw li ihhbøa ec lihnlnabilbeie ecl {necw -Ysboian, 9222" hsri fscwzi uwiaxfnwji lix ebfcwcahbix ca vilnwcx -xb an xc cx gliahn,cswn{cn, xc cx “géwgiwn‚, “bahbvblbzien‚, “bj{nxbgblbuien {iwi {wneshbw hnanhbjbcaun‚"! [nw cxn migliw ec ebfcwcahbihnlnabil bj{lbhi an xøln sa hijgbn ca li jiacwi ec iailbziw r hnj{wcaecw lnx ihnauchbjbcaunx ec li xnhbceie r lihsluswi, xban ysc ecxuihi li ebjcaxbøa ecl {necw ysc mi xbdaien r xbdai uilcx ihnauchbjbcaunx {wneshbcaen saiuwiaxfnwjihbøa wiebhil ca li {cwx{chubvi c{bxuâjbhi ysc ecxec illê xc hnaxuwsrc![caxiw li ebfcwcahbi hnlnabil nglbdi i ien{uiw cxuwiucdbix becnlødbhn.xbjgølbhix ecxec jsr ebxubaunx éadslnx echnaxbecwihbøa? li ebfcwcahbi hnlnabil hnaxubusrc sai acdihbøa ecl vilnw ecl nuwn ca uiaun ebxubaun ecl rn*xsocun*ÿabhnhi{iz ec {caxiw, echbw r mihcw! R cxc nuwn cx uiaun cl jiwhien {nw li wizi, li hlixc, cl lcadsioc, cl dâacwn, hnjn{nw cl lsdiw ca cl ysc vbvc, lix fnwjix ec xs hnavbvcahbi r, {iwubhsliwjcauc ca ascxuwnx eêix, {nw li hi{ihbeie ec{iwubhb{iw ca cl xbxucji ec jcwhien hna xsx {cubhbnacx! Wcfcwbjnx ihé i sa ub{n ec ebxhswxn ysc {wcxcaui lixfscwzix xnhbilcx ca {wn ec li dlngilbzihbøa mcdcjøabhi hnjn sai “lødbhi‚, cx echbw hnjn sa fcaøjcan nhnj{nwuijbcaun wcdsliw, fnwjilbzien, “aiuswilbzien‚ c bacvbuiglc! Cl hiwéhucw wcdsliw.fnwjil, aiuswil c bacvbuiglchnaysc cl ebxhswxn fscwuc ec li dlngilbzihbøa xc baxuili, xc ebhc i xê jbxjn ixsjbâaenxc hnjn c}{wcxbøa ec sai “aiuswilczi msjiai‚ dcacwilbziglc r fnwjilbziglc ca li beci ec ebacwn hnjn jcebei ÿabhi ec vilnw!Ecxec li {cwx{chubvi ec li echnlnabilbeie cxui lødbhi wcxslui ec lnx ilhiahcx lndwienx {nw cl {wnrchun ec lijnecwabeie ysc ‘xcdÿa xcùiléwijnx jéx iwwbgi* hcauwø xs âafixbx ca cl {wbahb{bn ecl {wndwcxn, ecl enjbabn {nw clxcw msjian xngwc li aiuswilczi r ec li jnacuiwbzihbøa hi{builbxui ec li vbei msjiai0 ec illê ecwbvi sai c}iluihbøaec li hsluswi ec li jscwuc uiaun ec lnx xcwcx msjianx r ec xsx hnaxuwshhbnacx bauclchusilcx -“jscwuc ec lnxwcliunx‚, “jscwuc ec lix becnlndêix‚", hnjn ecl {liacui jbxjn! Cl {wnrchun echnlnabil, ca hijgbn, xc bj{slxi hna lifscwzi ec sai wcuøwbhi r hna li gÿxyscei ec saix {wéhubhix ysc xc nwbcauia i li vilnwihbøa ec li vbei r ecl wcx{cuni li gbnebvcwxbeie r li {lswbvcwxilbeie!
8! Ec lix hiucdnwêix n{cwiubvix ca cl {caxijbcaun echnlnabil
[wnfsaebziwcjnx imnwi ca ildsaix ec lix hiucdnwêix hcauwilcx ec cxuc {wnrchun lnhilbzien ca sai ucwwbunwbilbeiegbca ecfbabei r ca sa ubcj{n ec hwbxbx hnj{iwiglc i li ysc Iaêgil Ysboian xcùili ecxec cl {nwuil ec cxuix {édbaix,iaélndn il ysc Hcwviaucx {nac vnz i uwivâx ec Gcacadclb? xc uwiui mnr hnjn caunahcx ec sai xbusihbøa ligcwêaubhi,hnj{lcoi r {lcai ec baecfbabhbnacx, ca li ysc cl jsaen xc vc ucaxbnaien ca cl hcauwn ec sai ws{uswi0 iysclli, liecl xcùnwên fcseil, iauc sai jnecwabeie uneivêi bafnwjc0 mnr, iauc li hiêei ec li jnecwabeie r lix {wn{scxuixdlngilcx hna xsx hnwwcliunx iaubuâubhnx i uwivâx ec lix c}ihcwgihbnacx ec lnx isunanjbxjnx, cauwc lix ascvix “sabvcwxilbeiecx‚ r lnx wchlijnx ec baebvbesilbeie cjcwdcaucx ec li.x ebfcwcahbi.x cx{chêfbhix ec hiei lnhilbzihbøadcn{nlêubhi -Hfw! [ilcwjn 7;;;i"!Cl {wnrchun wcÿac, xcdÿa iecliauégijnx, ebxubauix lêacix ec wcflc}bøa r ec {wn{scxuix ilucwaiubvix ca {nx ecl “ecx{wcaebjbcaun‚ ec I! Liubai n, ebhmn ec nuwn jnen, xs “cj{necwijbcaun‚ P98Z! Ecx{wcaebjbcaun ec lihnlnabilbeie r hnaxuwshhbøa ec xs {wn{bn {necw ca unenx lnx øwecacx, bahlsben cl c{bxuâjbhn, {wnhcxn ysc bj{lbhi,hnjn xnxubcac Ysboian, “ijildijix, hnauwiebhhbnacx r ecx.cahscauwnx‚!Il xswdbw hcauwiljcauc cl {wnglcji ec li vilbecz ecl hnanhbjbcaun uil hnjn mi xben r cx hnaxbecwien ca ascxuwixihiecjbix li hscxubøa wiebhi ca li wcflc}bøa xngwc sa {wnglcji ec nweca c{bxucjnlødbhn jiwhien {nw li “ebfcwcahbihnlnabil‚ ysc wchliji eiw wcx{scxui i sai {wcdsaui babhbil? ¾{nw ysâ cx lcdêubji sai xnli fnwji ec hnanhcw ‘licswnhcauwiei* r an hsilysbcw nuwi> Iwubhsliei ec cxui jiacwi li hscxubøa c{bxucjnlødbhi, ixsjc ecxec cl {wbahb{bnli fnwji ec sai {wcdsaui {nlêubhi xngwc cl hnanhbjbcaun r hnlnhi li hscxubøa ca uâwjbanx ec lshmi mcdcjøabhi ilbaucwbnw ec sa hij{n ca cl ysc c}bxuca -r xc wchnanhc ysc c}bxuca ecxec cxi jbxji mcdcjnaêi r {iwiisunvilbeiwxc" viwbix fnwjix ec hnanhcw? jidbi, hbcahbi, wclbdbøa, cauwc nuwix r ysc wcxsluia ‘{iwi cxi {nlêubhi*c}hlsrcaucx cauwc xê i fivnw ec li hbcahbi!Cxui cx li ifbwjihbøa ecl {caxijbcaun jnecwan ysc cysbvilc i ihc{uiw ysc lnx cfchunx ec saix fnwjix ec hnanhcwxna xnlijcauc lnhilcx n baebvbesilcx r hiwchca ec li {nxbgblbeie ec dcacwilbziwxc, cx echbw, xna

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