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Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Traditional Cultural Expressions

Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Traditional Cultural Expressions

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General information on the interface between intellectual property (IP) and traditional knowledge (TK), traditional cultural expressions (TCEs), and genetic resources (GRs). It briefly addresses the most important questions that arise when considering the role that IP principles and systems can play in protecting TK and TCEs from misappropriation, and in generating and equitably sharing benefits from their commercialization, and the role of IP in access to and benefit sharing in GRs.
General information on the interface between intellectual property (IP) and traditional knowledge (TK), traditional cultural expressions (TCEs), and genetic resources (GRs). It briefly addresses the most important questions that arise when considering the role that IP principles and systems can play in protecting TK and TCEs from misappropriation, and in generating and equitably sharing benefits from their commercialization, and the role of IP in access to and benefit sharing in GRs.

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01/13/2014

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Intellectual Property andGenetic Resources, Traditional Knowledgeand Traditional Cultural Expressions
 An Overview
 
© World Intellectual Property Organization, 2012
Certain rights reserved. WIPO authorizes the partial reproduction, translation anddissemination o this publication or non-commercial and non-prot scientic,educational or research purposes, provided that WIPO and the publication are properlyidentied and acknowledged. Permission to substantially reproduce, disseminate and/ or translate this publication, or compile or create derivative works thererom, in anyorm, whether or commercial/or prot or nonprot purposes, must be requested inwriting. For this purpose, WIPO may be contacted at www.wipo.int under “Contactus.” Certain images used in this publication have been obtained rom commerciallyavailable databases to which WIPO subscribes.Disclaimer: This publication does not necessarily represent the views o WIPO or anyo its Member States. This publication is not a substitute or legal advice. Its purpose islimited to providing basic inormation.Cover imagesMedicinal plant, Bhutan / Fei JiaoPhotographer documenting cultural heritage, Jamaica / Brigitte Vézina Traditional Jewelry, Oman / Brigitte VézinaZambian dancers / Wend WendlandOther imagesp.10, 31: Brigitte Vezina, p.11: Mercedes Martinez Dozal, p.12: Fei Jiao,p.17: istockphoto/burwellphotography, p.26: Wend Wendland
 
CONTENTS
List of Boxes 2Why Use this BookLet? 3BackgroUnd to the need for the Protection oftraditionaL knoWLedge, traditionaL cULtUraLexPressions, and genetic resoUrces 5
 
t iu   null: illul Pp  tlfm  cv  iv 5W  tl kwl, tl culul ep g ru? 8
Traditional Knowledge 8Traditional Cultural Expressions 10Genetic Resources 12 
W   hl  tl kwl  tlculul ep? 13W  “P” M?
13Protection o Traditional Knowledge and Traditional CulturalExpressions 13Two Approaches to Intellectual Property Protection 15Protection o Genetic Resources 17 
W   objv  P? 20oPtions for the inteLLectUaL ProPerty Protectionof traditionaL knoWLedge and traditionaL cULtUraLexPressions 22
 
e cvl illul Ppsm 23
Existing Intellectual Property to Protect Traditional CulturalExpressions 23Existing Intellectual Property to Protect Traditional Knowledge 27 
 ap  e illul Pp 29 
Sui Generis
sm 30the Work of WiPo in the fieLd of traditionaL knoWLedge,traditionaL cULtUraL exPressions and genetic resoUrces 34
 
t ivml cmm 34Pj  av:  Pl W  WiPo 35iu Pp WiPo 37fUrther readings 38

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