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ESRF - Power Of Evidence In Advocacy - 2007

ESRF - Power Of Evidence In Advocacy - 2007

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THE POWER OFEVIDENCE INADVOCACY
RESOURCE PACK FOR TRAINERS ONEVIDENCE-BASED POLICY ADVOCACY IN EAST AFRICA 
Edited and compiled bySuma Kaare, Naved Chowdhury and Vivian Kazi
2007
 
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FOREWORD
Striving to influence policy and its outcome is a process of ongoing interaction between various actors,as well as the internal and external forces that affect their beliefs and actions.It is also a process of unexpected revelations,big disappointments and a test of patience and perseverance.Throughout the policy process these actors make decisions that affect its outcomes:about whatevidence to use and consider to be credible;about who to work with while designing,implementingand evaluating policies;about how to implement a policy on the ground;and,about how to monitor itsimpact.These decisions will inform policy changes and the use of tools to reach the overalldevelopment and political goal of reducing poverty.ESRF is one of ODIs partners in a seven year DFID-funded programme which aims to establish aworldwide community of practice for think tanks,policy research institutes and similar organisationsworking in international development,to promote more evidence based pro-poor developmentpolicies.Most members of this Civil Society Partnership Programme (CSPP) are in developingcountries,but the programme also fosters collaboration between countries and across the North-South boundary.The CSPP programme helps members to support each other through training,exchange visits,sharingof information and collaboration on projects to generate and use research-based evidence to improvedevelopment policy at national,regional and global level.I am impressed to see the amount of usefulmaterials produced by the programme,which is proving be an invaluable resource for those of us trying to ensure that policies are not only politically driven but also empirically sound,that credibleevidence is valued by policymakers as well as academics.This toolkit is inspired by the vision that while these tools are useful,they also need to becontextualised to reflect the realities.Needless to say,influencing water resources policies in Kenya willbe vastly different from influencing them in Bangladesh,given the unique political,geographical andsocial situations of the two countries.This volume,therefore,aims to ground generic tools on realpolicy evidence from East Africa.It aims to help foster a conversation in the development community of East Africa on the ways to make policies link to evidence by offering information on various tools,aswell as providing examples and methods on how to gather,analyze and use evidence for policy advocacy in Uganda,Kenya and Tanzania. While many of the tools are well known and used by practitioners,it is the case studies which make this publication unique.In the true spirit of collaboration,I would like to thank the editors of the toolkitfor making this possible and ODI for proving the funding.I would also like to thank Naved,Vivian,Sumaand the CSPP for supporting the publication of this manual from its inception to its final output.TheCSPP partners in the East Africa region were also actively involved.I hope Civil Society actors not only in East Africa but in other regions of the globe will also find this toolkit useful and continue to provide comments and insights that will enable us to revise and update itcontinuously;all feedback will be gratefully received. With best wishes
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
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FOREWARDiTABLE OF CONTENTSiiLIST OF FIGURESivPROFILE OF INSTITUTIONS INVOLVEDv
Overseas Development InstitutevEconomic and Social Research FoundationvImpact Development Management Consultancy (IDMc)vCollaborationviContributorsviOther Contributorsvi
ACRONYMSvii1.INTRODUCTION1
1.1Objectives of the resource pack11.2Structure of the resource pack2
2.KEY CONCEPTS3
2.1Civil society organisations32.2Other key terms4
3.SPACES FOR CSO ENGAGEMENT IN POLICY ADVOCACY7
3.1CSO engagement in policy processes73.2The reality of policymaking7
4.ASSESSING THE POLICY CONTEXT9
4.1The policy context94.2Problem tree analysis104.3Force-field analysis124.4Stakeholder analysis134.5Stakeholder influence mapping154.6SWOT analysis164.7RAPID framework17
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TABL E OF C ON TEN TS

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