Glossary of Acronyms and Technical Terms2G
– ‘Second Generation’ mobile phone standards that include limited data capabilities,for example for the sending of text messages (SMS or short message service).
– ‘Third Generation’ mobile phone standards that allow for higher data transmissionspeeds, facilitating broadband internet access.
– American Telephone and Telegraph company, the old incumbenttelecommunications company in the USA. The company was broken up in 1984 by anti-trust legislation into regional telephone companies popularly referred to as the ‘BabyBells’. AT&T still operated as a long distance national carrier in the USA. AT&T wasbought in 2005 by SBC (a former Baby Bell), and the company was re-named AT&T.
– Short for ‘web log’, a website-based newsletter that is regularly updated.
– British Telecom, the incumbent telecommunications company in the UK.
– Digital Subscriber Line, the technology that allows for the high speedtransmission of data across copper telephone lines for example in broadband internetaccess.
– European Union.
– Federal Communications Commission, the body responsible for regulating inter-state communications in the USA.
– International Federation of the Phonographic Industry, the body that representsthe recording industry worldwide.
– Used in the field of communications to refer to the company that currentlyholds the most power in a particular communications sector. Incumbents are usuallycompanies that were previously state-owned monopolies.
IP / Internet Protocol
– The protocol that moves packets of data across the internet,routing them according to the address (IP number) of the device receiving the data.
– Intellectual Property Rights, the legal rights that the creators of new ideas(including technology and artistic works) have over their creation.
– Internet Protocol Television, services that provide access to video and televisionservices via an internet connection. Also known as ‘Video on Demand’.
– Internet Service Provider, a company that provide internet connections to endusers. Many ISPs do not own physical networks themselves and act as links betweennetwork owners and end-users.
– The opening up of an industry to more competition, often involving therelaxation of government restrictions.