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Role of Numbers in Ancient Kemet (Egypt)

Role of Numbers in Ancient Kemet (Egypt)

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Published by Rbg Street Scholar
Role of Numbers in Ancient Kemet (Egypt)
Role of Numbers in Ancient Kemet (Egypt)

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Published by: Rbg Street Scholar on Jul 10, 2012
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Role of Numbers in Ancient Kemet (Egypt) Dr. Kwame Nantambu
Role of Numbers in Ancient Kemet (Egypt)
An analysis by Dr. Kwame Nantambu who is an Associate Professor,
 
Dept. of Pan-African Studies, Kent State University, U.S.A.
 
 
NOTE INSERTS BY THIS EDITOR FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES 
 
Under the philosophical and spiritual teachings and belief system of ancient Kemet(Egypt), numbers played a significant role. This is contrary to the sometimes derogatory,negative, ahistorical and Eurocentric interpretations that are given today.
 
For example, in ancient Kemet, the number seven represented completion. Thus, theEuro-Christian Holy Bible says that Almighty God rested on the seventh day after thecompletion of creation. The seventh day of the week, Sunday, is now regarded "a day ofrest from servile work."Let us also recall that in ancient Kemet, Son was synonymous with Sun. So this A.D.Euro-Christian religious belief concept of the Son of God is nothing but derivative of theoriginal Afrikan-Kemetic spiritual belief system.
 
In ancient Kemet, there were also seven cardinal principles/virtues of 
 toachieve human perfectibility. These principles are Truth, Justice, Balance, Order,Compassion, Harmony, and Reciprocity.
 
NOTE 
The Goddess Maát
 
VIRTUES OF MAÁT
 
Symbol of Truth, Balance, and Cosmological Order.
Maát is ethical principles collectively embracing the values of truth, justice, harmony,balance, cosmological order, reciprocity and propriety.
 
Personified as a goddess, Maát is depicted as a woman wearing an ostrich feather on herhead, a symbol of the principles she represents. Controlling the movement of the stars andthe seasonal flooding of the Nile River, Maát also had codes of tradition and customs. Forall Egyptians to live in a happy, prosperous and peaceful environment, they had to livewithin the order established by Maát. The pharaoh, as absolute ruler, was the individualmost responsible to manifest in life, through all his actions, the entire concept of Maát.Deviation from the tenets of Maát could prove disastrous for the pharaoh.
 
Maát was central to funerary practices in which if the deceased had been found to not havefollowed the concept of Maát during his life (if he had lied or cheated or killed or doneanything against Maát) his heart was devoured by a demon (she was calledAmmut-- Devouress of the Dead) and he died the final death. If the heart weighed the same as Maát,the deceased was allowed to go on to the afterlife. The heart of a person was consideredthe center of intellect and memory.
 
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Role of Numbers in Ancient Kemet (Egypt) Dr. Kwame Nantambu
NOTE:
 
This symbolic weighing of the heart against the feather of truth (Maát) was performed to established therighteousness of the deceased. The scale of Maát was balanced after the recitation of the 42Declarations of Innocence or Admonitions of Maát from the tomb of a Nubian. Book of the Dead ofMaiherperi):
 
This is too said before the Forty-two gods on reaching the Hall of the Two Truths so as to purge (name) ofany sins committed and to see the face of every god:
 
The Judgment of the Dead 
 
The Declaration of Innocence 
 
Hail to you, great God, Lord of the Two Truths!
 
I have come to you, my Lord,
 
I was brought to see your beauty.
 
I know you, I know the names of the forty-two gods,
 
Who are with you in the Hall of the Two Truths,
 
Who live by warding off evildoers,
 
Who drink of their blood,
 
On that day of judging characters before Wennofer.
 
Lo, your name is "He-of-Two-Daughters,"
 
(And) "He-of-Maat's-Two-Eyes."
 
Lo, I come before you,
 
Bringing Maat to you,
 
Having repelled evil for you.
 
The Goddess Maát
VIRTUES OF MAÁT1. I have not committed sin.2. I have not committed robbery with violence.3. I have not stolen.4. I have not slain men and women.5. I have not stolen grain.6. I have not purloined offerings.7. I have not stolen the property of God.8. I have not uttered lies.9. I have not carried away food.10. I have not uttered curses.11. I have not committed adultery, I have not lain with men.12. I have made none to weep.13. I have not eaten the heart.14. I have not attacked any man.15. I am not a man of deceit.16. I have not stolen cultivated land.17. I have not been an eavesdropper.18. I have not slandered [no man].19. I have not been angry without just cause.20. I have not debauched the wife of any man.21. I have not debauched the wife of [any] man.22. I have not polluted myself.23. I have terrorized none.24. I have not transgressed [the law].
 
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Role of Numbers in Ancient Kemet (Egypt) Dr. Kwame Nantambu
25. I have not been wroth.26. I have not shut my ears to the words of truth.27. I have not blasphemed.28. I am not a man of violence.29. I have not been a stirrer up of strife.30. I have not acted with undue haste.31. I have not pried into matters.32. I have not multiplied my words in speaking.33. I have wronged none, I have done no evil.34. I have not worked witchcraft against the king.35. I have never stopped [the flow of] water.36. I have never raised my voice.37. I have not cursed God.38. I have not acted with arrogance.39. I have not stolen the bread of the gods.40. I have not carried away the khenfu cakes from the Spirits of the dead.41. I have not snatched away the bread of the child, nor treated with contempt the god of my city.42. I have not slain the cattle belonging to the god.
The Declaration to the Forty-two Gods
 
O Wide-of-stride who comes from On: I have not done evil.O Flame-grasper who comes from Kheraha: I have not robbed.O Long-nosed who comes from Khbmun: I have not coveted.O Shadow-eater who comes from the cave: I have not stolen.O Savage-faced who comes from Rostau: I have not killed people.O Lion-Twins who come from heaven: I have not trimmed the measure.O Flint-eyed who comes from Khem: I have not cheated.O Fiery-one who comes backward: I have not stolen a god's property.O Bone-smasher who comes from Hnes: I have not told lies.O Flame-thrower who comes from Memphis: I have not seized food.O Cave-dweller who comes from the west: I have not sulked.O White-toothed who comes from Lakeland: I have not trespassed.O Blood-eater who comes from slaughterplace: I have not slain sacred cattle.O Entrall-eater who comes from the tribunal: I have not extorted.O Lord of Maat who comes from Maaty: I have not stolen bread rations.O Wanderer who comes from Bubastis: I have not spied.O Pale-one who comes from On: I have not prattled.O Villain who comes from Anjdty: I have contended only for my goods.O Fiend who comes from slaughterhouse: I have not committed adultery.O Examiner who comes from Min's temple: I have not defiled myself.O Chief of the nobles who comes from Imu: I have not caused fear.O Wrecker who comes from Huy: I have not trespassed.O Disturber who comes from the sanctuary: I have not been violent.O Child who comes from the nome of On: I have not been deaf to Maat.O Foreteller who comes from Wensi: I have not quarreled.O Bastet who comes from the shrine: I have not winked.O Backward-faced who comes from the pit: I have not copulated with a boy.O Flame-footed who comes from the dusk: I have not been false.O Dark-one who comes from darkness: I have not reviled.

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