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12-15409 #86

12-15409 #86

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Published by Equality Case Files
Doc #86 - Amicus Brief by Historians in support of Plaintiff
Doc #86 - Amicus Brief by Historians in support of Plaintiff

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Published by: Equality Case Files on Jul 10, 2012
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01/26/2013

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{W3198284.3}{W3198284.3}{W3198284.3}{W3198284.3}{W3198284.3}{W3198284.3}{W3198284.3}
 Nos. 12-15388 & 12-15409IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALSFOR THE NINTH CIRCUITKAREN GOLINSKI,
Plaintiff-Appellee
,v.UNITED STATES OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENTand JOHN BERRY, Director of the United States Office of Personnel Management, in his official capacity,
 Defendants-Appellants
andBIPARTISAN LEGAL ADVISORY GROUPOF THE U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
 Intervenor-Defendant 
.ON APPEAL FROM THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTFOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIACIVIL CASE NO. C 10-00257 JSW (HONORABLE JEFFREY S. WHITE)
BRIEF
 
OF
 
 AMICI 
 
CURIAE
 
HISTORIANS
 
 
PETER
 
W.
 
BARDAGLIO
 
 
NORMA
 
BASCH
 
 
GEORGE CHAUNCEY
 
 
STEPHANIE
 
COONTZ
 
 
NANCY
 
F.
 
COTT
 
 
TOBY L. DITZ
 
 
ARIELA
 
DUBLER
 
 
LAURA
 
F.
 
EDWARDS
 
 
ESTELLE B. FREEDMAN
 
 
SARAH BARRINGER
 
GORDON
 
 
MICHAEL
 
GROSSBERG
 
 
HENDRIK
 
HARTOG
 
 
ELLEN HERMAN
 
 
MARTHA
 
HODES
 
 
LINDA
 
K.
 
KERBER
 
 
ALICE
 
KESSLER-HARRIS
 
 
ELAINE
 
TYLER
 
MAY
 
 
STEVEN
 
MINTZ
 
 
ELIZABETH
 
H.
 
PLECK
 
 
CAROLE
 
SHAMMAS
 
 
MARY L. SHANLEY
 
 
AMY
 
DRU
 
STANLEY
 
 
BARBARA
 
YOUNG
 
WELKE
 
IN
 
SUPPORT
 
OF
 
APPELLEE
 
AND
 
OF
 
AFFIRMANCE
 
OF
 
THE
 
JUDGMENT BELOW
 Donald R. FredericoPierce Atwood LLP100 Summer Street, Suite 2250Boston, MA 02110-2106(617) 488-8100
 Attorney for Amici Curiae
 
Case: 12-15409 07/10/2012 ID: 8243025 DktEntry: 86 Page: 1 of 43
 
 
{W3198284.3}{W3198284.3}{W3198284.3}{W3198284.3}{W3198284.3}{W3198284.3}{W3198284.3}
LIST OF AMICI CURIAEPeter W. Bardaglio
 Senior FellowSecond NatureFormerly Professor of HistoryIthaca College
Norma Basch
 Professor EmeritaRutgers University
George Chauncey
 Professor of History andAmerican StudiesYale University
Stephanie Coontz
Professor of History andFamily StudiesThe Evergreen State College
Nancy F. Cott
Jonathan Trumbull Professor of American HistoryHarvard University
Toby L. Ditz
Professor of HistoryJohns Hopkins University
Ariela R. Dubler
George Welwood MurrayProfessor of Legal HistoryColumbia Law School
Laura F. Edwards
Professor of HistoryDuke University
Estelle B. Freedman
Edgar E. Robinson Professor in U.S. HistoryStanford University
Sarah Barringer Gordon
Arlin M. Adams Professor of Constitutional Lawand Professor of HistoryUniversity of Pennsylvania
Michael Grossberg
Sally M. Reahard Professor of History & Professor of LawIndiana University
Hendrik Hartog
Class of 1921 BicentennialProfessor in the History of American Lawand LibertyPrinceton University
Ellen Herman
Professor of HistoryUniversity of Oregon
Martha Hodes
Professor of History New York University
Linda K. Kerber
May Brodbeck Professor in the Liberal Arts andProfessor of History,Lecturer in LawUniversity of Iowa
Alice Kessler-Harris
R. Gordon Hoxie Professor of HistoryColumbia University
Elaine Tyler May
Regents Professor of American Studies andHistoryUniversity of Minnesota
Steven Mintz
Director, Graduate School of Arts & Sciences TeachingCenter and Professor of HistoryColumbia University
Elizabeth H. Pleck
Professor of HistoryUniversity of Illinois,Urbana/Champaign,Emerita
Carole Shammas
John R. Hubbard Chair inHistory EmeritaUniversity of SouthernCalifornia
Mary L. Shanley
Margaret Stiles Halleck Professor of SocialScienceVassar College
Amy Dru Stanley
Associate Professor of HistoryUniversity of Chicago
Barbara Young Welke
Professor of History andProfessor of LawUniversity of Minnesota
Case: 12-15409 07/10/2012 ID: 8243025 DktEntry: 86 Page: 2 of 43
 
 
{W3198284.3}
i
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PageTABLE OF AUTHORITIES ................................................................................... iii
 
STATEMENT PURSUANT TO FEDERAL RULE OF APPELLATEPROCEDURE 29(C)(4) ............................................................................................. 1
 
STATEMENT PURSUANT TO FEDERAL RULE OF APPELLATEPROCEDURE 26(C)(5) ............................................................................................. 3
 
SUMMARY OF THE ARGUMENT ........................................................................ 4
 
ARGUMENT ............................................................................................................. 5
 
I.
 
Valid Marriage as a Legal Status Created by the States ....................... 5
 
A. Civil Authorization .....................................................................5
 
B. Exclusive State Control ...............................................................7
 
II. The Federal Government’s Exceptional Actions .................................. 9
 
A. Civil War and Reconstruction .....................................................9
 
B.
 
Polygamy in the Utah Territory ................................................ 11
 
III. States’ Several Purposes in Civil Marriage ......................................... 12A. Governing through Marriage ....................................................12
 
B. Economic Dimensions .............................................................. 13
 
C.
 
Supporting Children ..................................................................17
 
IV.
 
States’ Variation and Federal Acceptance .......................................... 19
 
A. Multiplicity of State Variations and Inter-State Conflicts ........ 20
 
B. Federal deference to state determinations .................................25
 
V. Change and Continuity into the Present .............................................. 27
 
CONCLUSION ........................................................................................................ 30
 
Case: 12-15409 07/10/2012 ID: 8243025 DktEntry: 86 Page: 3 of 43

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