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City of Palo Alto (CA) Housing Element (2011)

City of Palo Alto (CA) Housing Element (2011)

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Published by wmartin46
Vision Statement

Palo Alto will aggressively pursue a variety of housing opportunities that enhance the character, diversity and vitality of the City. The City is committed to increasing the development of affordable and market-rate housing, including converting non-residential lands to residential or mixed use. Existing housing, particularly rental units will be conserved and rehabilitated or replaced. Palo Alto will continue its strong commitment to supporting agencies that assist households with special needs. The City will foster an environment free of discrimination and the barriers that prevent choice in housing. It will
place special emphasis onfamily housing and housing that addresses the health care, child care, transit, recreation and social service needs of all Palo Alto residents.
Vision Statement

Palo Alto will aggressively pursue a variety of housing opportunities that enhance the character, diversity and vitality of the City. The City is committed to increasing the development of affordable and market-rate housing, including converting non-residential lands to residential or mixed use. Existing housing, particularly rental units will be conserved and rehabilitated or replaced. Palo Alto will continue its strong commitment to supporting agencies that assist households with special needs. The City will foster an environment free of discrimination and the barriers that prevent choice in housing. It will
place special emphasis onfamily housing and housing that addresses the health care, child care, transit, recreation and social service needs of all Palo Alto residents.

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Published by: wmartin46 on Jul 10, 2012
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Palo Alto Comprehensive Plan Chapter 4: Housing Element
Vision Statement
Palo Alto will aggressively pursue a variety
of
housing opportunities that enhance thecharacter, diversity
and
vitality
of
he City. The City is committed to increasing thedevelopment
of
affordable
and
market-rate housing, including converting non-residentiallands to residential or mixed use. Existing housing, particularly rental units will beconserved and rehabilitated or replaced. Palo Alto will continue its strong commitment tosupporting agencies that assist households with special needs. The City will foster anenvironment free
of
discrimination
and
the barriers that prevent choice in housing. It willplace special emphasis
onfamily
housing
and
housing that addresses the health care,
child
care, transit, recreation and social service needs
of
all Palo Alto residents.
Introduction
State law mandates that the Housing Element contain specific data, address certain topics,and establish a workable strategy for meeting the City's share
of
the region's housingneeds. The State Department
of
Housing and Community Development (HCD) mustperiodically review the Housing Element for adequacy and completeness. Because much
of
the information required for State review
of
the Housing Element is statistical and mustbe updated every five years, Palo Alto has prepared a separate Technical Document thatsupplements the Comprehensive Plan. This document includes the data required for HCDreview to determine compliance with State law, is incorporated by reference as part
ofthe
Comprehensive Plan, and is included in the appendix.This chapter begins with a synopsis
of
the more detailed information found in theTechnical Document.
It
proceeds with the City'S housing goals, policies, and programsand briefly describes the City'S five-year implementation program including.targets for thehousing production and conservation. Additional text on the City's programs may befound in the Technical Document.
Existing
Conditions
POPULATION
Palo Alto's population has increased only slightly during the last 30 years. The number
of
residents increased
by
4.7% from 55,966 in 1970 to 58,598 in 2000 with most
of
thisgrowth occurring between 1990-2000. While the average number
of
people per householddeclined from 2.7 in 1970 to 2.3 in 2000, the number
of
housing units increased.Although 72.8 percent
of
Palo Alto's population is white, the City is becoming moreethnically diverse. Asians and Pacific Islanders increased their share
ofthe
City'spopulation growing from
10
percent to 17.3 percent, while 4.6 percent are Hispanic, 2percent are black and 3.3 percent identify themselves
as
other.
Page 1
of40
 
Palo Alto Comprehensive Plan Chapter 4: Housing ElementCity
of
Palo Alto 2000 Population by RacelEthnicity
WhiteBlackHispanicAsianlPacific IslanderOther*
Source:
2000
U.S.
Census.
72.8%2.0%4.6%17.3%3.3%
*Thc
other category
is
remnant
of
population
not
positively
identified
underany other
racial or
ethnic
category.
Pre-School (Under 5)School Age (5-17)Child Bearing (18-44)Middle Age (45-64)Senior (65 and over)
Source:
2000
U.S. Census
City
of
Palo Alto 2000 Population by
Age5.1%16.1%37.3%25.9%15.6%The median age
of
Palo Alto's population has increased dramatically over the last fewdecades. In 1970, the median age was 29.5 for men and 33.7 for women. By 1990, thesefigures had increased to 36.7 and 40.0 respectively. In the year 2000, the median age forthe entire population
of
Palo Alto was 40.2 years, which is considerably higher than theCounty median age
of
34 years. The increase in median age has been accompanied by anincrease in Palo Alto's senior population; the number
of
persons over
65
increased from 10to 15.6 percent
of
the population between 1970 and 2000. The number
of
older adults isexpected to continue to increase in the future. At the other end
of
the age spectrum, thenumber
of
children under five has increased significantly over the last two decades and hasresulted in an increase in the number
of
children entering childcare and school. However,the number
of
women
of
childbearing age has decreased markedly after increasing duringthe 1980s and 1990s and the middle-aged population has increased significantly indicatingthat Palo Alto will continue to grow older during the next decade.
HOUSING UNITS
The 2000 Census indicated that there were 26,048 housing units in Palo Alto. This was anincrease
of860
units from 1990. About one-third
of
the City's homes were built during the1950s, the period
of
greatest housing construction in Palo Alto's history. Since 1960, therate
of
production has generally declined. From 1970 to 1980, homes were added at a rate
Page 2
of40
 
Palo Alto Comprehensive
Plan
Chapter
4: Housing Element
of
about 240 units per year. By the 1990's, the annual rate had decreased to about
86
units
per
year as a result
of
economic factors and the limited availability
of
residential land.19701980199020001970198019902000
INCOME
Population, Household Size
and
Housing Units 1970-2000Population
Percent
Household
Percent
Housing
Change
Size
Change
Units55,966
-
2.7
-
21,33855,225-1.3%2.3-14.8%23,74755,900 +1.2% 2.2 -4.3%25,18858,598+4.8%2.3+4.5% 26,048·Income,
Rent
and
House Values 1970-2000Single
Percent
RentIMonth
Percent Median
Family Change
Change
IncomeHomeValue$33,900
-
$162
-
$12,200$148,900
+339%
$348+ 115%$24,700$457,800
+207%
$851+ 145%$55,333$1,006,600+ 120%$1349 + 59% $90,377
PercentChange
-
+11.3%+6.1%+3.4%
PercentChange
-
+ 102%+ 124%+ 63%Palo Alto is ao affluent community with incomes considerably higher thao the regionalaverage.
In
1996, median family
off
ur income was $77,500, compared to $67,400 inSanta Clara County. In 2000, the median household income for Santa Clara County was$74,335 while the City
of
Palo Alto's mediao household income was $90,377. Palo Altohouseholds maintained their 1996 proportional advaotage in higher family incomes (about21.59%).The City also has a significant number
of
lower income households. In 1990, about
20
percent
of
Palo Alto's households reported an income
of
under $25,000, which was almostthe same proportion as in the County as a whole. In the year 2000, Census data indicatesthat approximately 14%
of
Palo Alto households had a household income
ofless
thao$25,000; the City
of
Palo Alto maintained its proportion ·oflower income households inrelation to Saota Clara County's lower income households.
It
should be noted, however,that a $25,000 annual income would not be ao accurate reflection in the year 2000
of
he
number
oflower
or "limited" income households in Palo Alto. For example, HUDconsiders a family
of
four earning $43,500 or less and a single person earning $30,450 or
Page 3 of
40

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