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Abdomen, History, PE

Abdomen, History, PE

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Published by: sarguss14 on Jan 09, 2009
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09/14/2012

 
Abdominal AnatomyHistory Taking, PEDr. Mata4
th
Shifting2-7-08Class no.
1
Kristel, Leiza
 
SURGERY 
Abdominal AnatomyDr. Matadate
Tg 4: Jam, Madel, Pao, Joven
Una sa lahat, hindi kami ang gumawang trans na ito…SOBRANG THANK YOU
Krizzie
,
Prei
 
Mommy Rose
,
Madel
,and esp.
 Jam
dahil shinare nila sa atinang trans na ito na pinaghirapan atpinagtulungan nilang gawin. THANK  YOU, great help talaga ito.
ABDOMINAL ANATOMY 
ABDOMINAL CAVITYSuperior Border = DiaphragmInferior Border = PelvisPosterior Border = Lumbar SpineAnterior Border - Musculature of Abdominal wall
ANATOMIC LANDMARKS
-Divided in quadrantsRUQ, LUQ, RLQ, LLQANATOMICEpigastricUmbilicalSuprapubic (hypogastric)PERITONEUM- Abdominal Cavity Lining- Double - Walled Structure- Visceral Peritoneum- Parietal Peritoneum- Separates Abdominal cavity into 2 parts- Peritoneal Cavity- Retroperitonel Space
PRIMARY GASTRO-INTESTINALSTRUCTURES
MOUTH/ ORAL CAVITYLips, Cheek, Gums, Teeth, TonguePHARYNX-Portion of airway between nasalcavity and larynxESOPHAGUS- digestive tract between the pharynxand stomachSTOMACH- hollow digestive organ- receives food from the esophagusSMALL INSTESTINE- between stomach and Cecum- Duodenum, jejunum, ileum- site of nutrient absorption into thebodyLARGE INTESTINE- ileocecal valve to the anus- Cecum, colon, rectum- recovers water form the gastro-intestinal tract secretions
ACCESSORY ORGANS
SALIVARY GLAND-produces and secretes saliva- connected to mouth by ductsLIVER- larges solid organ in Right upperquadrant- produce and secrete bile- produce essential proteins- produces clotting factors- detoxification process-stores glycogen
apriLaLLainmadeLynaraLphtLejovspaocessxtianabiedwardbananacar jatbambierikajenrochebamaLexannasheena jampaueaglemanjefftoni
 
GALL BLADDER- located beneath liver- stores and concentrates bilePANCREAS- endocrine pancreas secretes insulin-exocrine pancreas secretes digestiveenzymes, bicarbonate into the gutVERMIFORM APPENDIX-hollow appendage-attached to large intestine- no physiologic function
MAJOR BLOOD VESSELS
-Aorta- Inferior Vena Cave
SOLID ORGANS
-Liver-Spleen-Pancreas- Kidney- Ovaries (female)
HOLOW ORGANS
-Stomach- Intestines- Gall bladder and Bile Ducts- Ureter- Urinary Bladder- Uterus (Female)- Fallopian Tube (Female)RIGHT UPPER QUADRANT- Liver- Gall bladder-Duodenum- Transverse Colon (part)- Ascending Colon (part)LEFT UPPER QUADRANT-Stomach- Liver (part)- Pancreas- Spleen- Transverse colon (part)- Descending colon (part)RIGHT LOWER QUADRANT- Ascending Colon- Vermiform appendix- ovary- fallopian tubeLEFT LOWER QUADRANT- Descending colon-Sigmoid-ovary (female)-fallopian tube (female)
DISORDERS OF THE ALIMENTARY TRACT
I. MOTOR (Motility Disorders)1. Achalasia2. Post Vagotomy Atony3. Hirchsprung DiseaseII. BLEEDING1. Varices (most often located inesophagus)2. Mallory Weiss3. Peptic Ulcer4. Cancer5. Merckel's Diverticulum6. Diverticulosis (know the differencebetween diverticulosis and diverticulitis)* Bright red and tarry colorIII. PERFORATION1. Instrumental2. Ulcer3. Obstruction and gangrene
3
Kristel, Leiza

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