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Chinese Culture

Chinese Culture

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Published by Mifta Hul Jannat

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Published by: Mifta Hul Jannat on Jul 11, 2012
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Chinese culture
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For culture in mainland China after 1949, see 
Four Treasures of the Study (Chinese calligraphy set)
Chinese culture
is one of the world's oldest.
The area in which the culture is dominant covers a large
geographical region in
with customs and traditions varying greatly between towns, citiesand
provinces.Important components of Chinese culture include
Today there are 56 distinct recognized
in China.
In terms of numbers however,
is by far the largest group. Throughout history, many groups have merged into neighboringethnicities or disappeared. At the same time, many within the Han identity have maintained distinctlinguistic and regional cultural traditions. The term
has been used to describe the notion
in general. Much of the traditional identity within the community has to do withdistinguishing the
Main article: 
Traditional Chinese Culture covers large geographical territories, where each region is usually dividedinto distinct sub-cultures. Each region is often represented by three ancestral items. Forexample
is represented by
Others include ancient cities
like Lin'an(Hangzhou), which include
Such distinctions
give rise to the old Chinese proverb: "
" (Shí lǐ bùtóng fēng,bǎi lǐ bùtóng sú), literally "the wind varies within
,customs vary within a hundred
 Gold detailing on a throne used by theQianlong Emperor.The Chinese dragon was a symbol reserved for the Emperor of
Chinaor high level imperial families during the Qing Dynasty 
Main article: 
Since the
period, some form of
has been the
main ruler above all. Different periods of history have different names for the various positions withinsociety. Conceptually each imperial or feudal period is similar, with the government and military officialsranking high in the
hierarchy,and the rest of the population under regular
From the
256 BCE) onwards, traditional Chinese society was organized into a hierarchic
system of socio-economic classes known as the
However, this system did not cover all social groups while the distinctions between all groups becameblurred ever since the
of Chinese culture in the
1279 CE).
also has a long history; ever since the
618 CE) educated
candidates prepared for the
which drafted exam graduates into government
scholar-bureaucrats. This led to the creation of a
meritocracy,although success was available only to males who could afford
test preparation. Imperial examinations required applicants to write essays and demonstrate mastery ofthe Confucian classics. Those who passed the highest level of the exam became elite scholar-officialsknown as
a highly esteemed socio-economic position. Trades and crafts were usually taught bya
shifu.The female historian
Ban Zhaowrote the
in the
and outlined
the four virtues women must abide to, while scholars such as
would expand upon
are some of the customs and rituals found in society.
Main articles: 
Most social values are derived from
Taoism.The subject of which school was the mostinfluential is always debated as many concepts such as
Buddhismand many othershave come about.
and other
concept is a reminder of the connection between real-life and the after-life. In Chinese business culture, the concept of
,indicating the primacy of
relations over rules, has been well documented.
Confucianism was the official philosophy throughout most of
Imperial China's history, and mastery of
Confucian texts was the primary criterion for
strains of thought have also been influential, such as

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