Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Chinese Culture

Chinese Culture

Ratings: (0)|Views: 29 |Likes:
Published by Mifta Hul Jannat

More info:

Published by: Mifta Hul Jannat on Jul 11, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/11/2012

pdf

text

original

 
 
Chinese culture
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For culture in mainland China after 1949, see 
 
Four Treasures of the Study (Chinese calligraphy set)
 
Chinese culture
 
is one of the world's oldest.
The area in which the culture is dominant covers a large
 
geographical region in
with customs and traditions varying greatly between towns, citiesand
provinces.Important components of Chinese culture include
 
Today there are 56 distinct recognized
in China.
In terms of numbers however,
 
is by far the largest group. Throughout history, many groups have merged into neighboringethnicities or disappeared. At the same time, many within the Han identity have maintained distinctlinguistic and regional cultural traditions. The term
has been used to describe the notion
 
of
in general. Much of the traditional identity within the community has to do withdistinguishing the
 
Regional
 
Main article: 
Traditional Chinese Culture covers large geographical territories, where each region is usually dividedinto distinct sub-cultures. Each region is often represented by three ancestral items. Forexample
is represented by
and
Others include ancient cities
 
like Lin'an(Hangzhou), which include
and
Such distinctions
 
give rise to the old Chinese proverb: "
十里不同風
,
百里不同俗
 / 
十里不同
,
百里不同俗
" (Shí lǐ bùtóng fēng,bǎi lǐ bùtóng sú), literally "the wind varies within
ten
,customs vary within a hundred
 
li 
."""[edit]
Society
 
 Gold detailing on a throne used by theQianlong Emperor.The Chinese dragon was a symbol reserved for the Emperor of
 
Chinaor high level imperial families during the Qing Dynasty 
 
Structure
 
Main article: 
Since the
period, some form of
has been the
 
main ruler above all. Different periods of history have different names for the various positions withinsociety. Conceptually each imperial or feudal period is similar, with the government and military officialsranking high in the
hierarchy,and the rest of the population under regular
From the
 
late
(1046
 –
256 BCE) onwards, traditional Chinese society was organized into a hierarchic
 
system of socio-economic classes known as the
 
However, this system did not cover all social groups while the distinctions between all groups becameblurred ever since the
of Chinese culture in the
(960
 –
1279 CE).
 
also has a long history; ever since the
(581
 –
618 CE) educated
 
candidates prepared for the
which drafted exam graduates into government
 
as
scholar-bureaucrats. This led to the creation of a
meritocracy,although success was available only to males who could afford
 
test preparation. Imperial examinations required applicants to write essays and demonstrate mastery ofthe Confucian classics. Those who passed the highest level of the exam became elite scholar-officialsknown as
 
 jinshi,
 
a highly esteemed socio-economic position. Trades and crafts were usually taught bya
shifu.The female historian
Ban Zhaowrote the
in the
and outlined
 
the four virtues women must abide to, while scholars such as
and
would expand upon
 
this.
and
are some of the customs and rituals found in society.
 
Values
 
Main articles: 
and 
 
Most social values are derived from
and
Taoism.The subject of which school was the mostinfluential is always debated as many concepts such as
Buddhismand many othershave come about.
and other
concept is a reminder of the connection between real-life and the after-life. In Chinese business culture, the concept of
,indicating the primacy of
 
relations over rules, has been well documented.
 
Confucianism was the official philosophy throughout most of
Imperial China's history, and mastery of
 
Confucian texts was the primary criterion for
 
more
strains of thought have also been influential, such as

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->