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Fitting a Line to Data

Fitting a Line to Data

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Understanding Basic Algebra With Problem Solving
Understanding Basic Algebra With Problem Solving

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08/16/2012

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Usually, there is no single linethat passes through all the datapoints, so you try to find the linethat best fits the data. This iscalled the
best-fitting line
.

best-fitting line
.

There are several ways to findthe
best-fitting line
for a givenset of data points. In this lesson,you will use a graphicalapproach.
–88 4 2 –2 –4 –6 0 2 4  –2 –4 –6  –8
F
ITTING A
L
INE TO
D
ATA

Approximating a Best-Fitting Line
D
ISCUS
T
HROWS
Years since 1900
D      i     s      t     a     n     c     e      (      f      t      )
0 8 16 24 32 40 48 56 64 72 80 88 96 104100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240250
Write an equation of your line.The winning Olympicdiscus throws from 1908to 1996 are plotted inthe graph. Approximatethe
best-fitting line
forthese throws.

Approximating a Best-Fitting Line
Years since 1900
D      i     s      t     a     n     c     e      (      f      t      )
0 8 16 24 32 40 48 56 64 72 80 88 96 104100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240250
S
OLUTION
Find two points that lie
on the best-fitting line
,such as
(
8, 138
)
and
(
96, 230
)
.Find the slope of the linethrough these points.

(
96, 230
)
.
(96, 230)
(
8, 138
)
(
8, 138
)