Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Pastoralism and Pastoralists in Sudan LB3 HY2

Pastoralism and Pastoralists in Sudan LB3 HY2

Ratings: (0)|Views: 412|Likes:

More info:

Published by: Feinstein International Center on Jul 11, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/11/2012

pdf

text

original

 
 1
Short Report
Pastoralism and Pastoralists in Sudan:
A Stakeholder Mapping and Survey
HelenYoung,AfafRahim,AbdelhafizMohamed,MerryFitzpatrickBackground
Since2010,theFeinsteinInternationalCenter(FIC)atTuftsUniversityhaveembarkedonamajorthree-yearresearchprojectonPastoralism,TradeandMarketswhichispartoftheUNEPSudanIntegratedEnvironmentProjectfundedbyUKaidfromtheDepartmentforInternationalDevelopment
1
.Thisshortreportsummarizesthefindingsofathreestagestakeholdermappingexercise
2
,whichwasundertakenasafoundationalactivitytoinformsubsequentresearchstudies,andtopromoteandfurtherdevelopstakeholderparticipationintheproject.Forthisproject,stakeholdersaredefinedasanindividual,group,organization,orinstitution,whichaffectsorinfluencespastoralismandpastoralistlivelihoodseitherdirectlyorindirectly.TheTuftsworkbuildsuponandexpandsonourearlierresearchonlivelihoodsandconflict,whichinvolvedstudiesoftheearlyimpactofconflictonpeople’slivelihoods,IDP’slivelihoods,migrationpatternsandremittanceflows,andthemarginalizationandvulnerabilityofpastoralistlivelihoodsinDarfur.Theearlierundertakings,whichspannedtheyears2004-2009,werewidelydisseminatedanddiscussedbygovernmentsandaidagenciesinanon-goingseriesofdebriefingsanddialogueinSudan,NorthAmericaandEurope.Ourcurrentresearchcoverstwoseparatebutrelatedfields;pastoralismandpastoralistlivelihoods,andmarketsandtradeintheDarfurregion.Thepastoralistprojectaimstopromoteunderstandingofpastoralist’slivelihoodssystemsamonglocal,nationalandinternationalstakeholdersandtostrengthenthecapacityofpastoralistleaders,organizationsandotheradvocatestoarticulatetherationaleforpastoralism.Thisworkisinclosepartnershipwithseveralnationalandinternationalpartners,includingUNEPSudan,SOSSahelSudan,theDarfurDevelopmentandReconstructionAgency,theInternationalInstituteforEnvironmentandDevelopment,andtheNomadsDevelopmentCouncil.Italsodependsonthesupportandparticipationofawidenetworkofnationalandlocalorganizations,professionalsandacademics.Thispaperisdividedintothreeparts;Part1summarizestheobjectivesandmethodsusedineachofthethreephasesofthestudy;Parttwopresentstheresultsfromthemapping,thestakeholdersurvey,andtheanalysisoftheUNdatabase;andPartthreepresentsthediscussionandconclusionsfromthiswork.
Part1:Athreephaseapproach
PastoralistlivestockproductionispracticedineveryregionandstatethroughoutformerSudan,whichisprobablyhometooneofthelargestpastoralistpopulationsinAfrica(althoughpreciseestimatesarehardtocomeby).Pastoralistlivestockproductionmakesaremarkablecontributiontosecuringlivelihoodsatthelocallevelandalsotothewidernationaleconomyandtolivestockexports.Pastoralismisalsoconducivewiththesustainablemanagementofdrylandenvironments.Aswellasbeingacruciallyimportantrurallivelihood,
 
 June, 2012
2
pastoralismisalsoaculturalidentitysharedbyruralandurbanresidentsalike.Therearemanypeoplewhoidentifythemselvesaspastoralistswhomaynolongerpracticelivestockherdingorbeconnectedtolivestockproduction,yetmaintaintheiridentityasamemberofapastoralistgroupThespecificobjectivesofthisstakeholdermappingwereto:1.
 
Identifythebroadgroupsofstakeholders,asabaseforprovidingastrongfoundationandstrategyforensuringtheirparticipationthroughouttheproject2.
 
Reviewthenatureandleveloftheirinvolvementorinfluence.3.
 
Solicittheirviewsonkeypoliciesandchallengesaffectingpastoralistsandpastoralistlivelihoodsystems.4.
 
Identifythemechanismandstrategyformakinguseoftheanalysisinordertosupportandpromotepositivechange.Threecomplementaryapproacheswereusedtoidentify,reviewandanalysetheinterestsofpastoralists.
First,
theprojectteamidentifiedandcharacterizedthebroadcategoriesandsub-categoriesofstakeholders.
Second,
aquestionnairesurveybuiltonthisearlierwork,bycapturingtheprofileofindividualstakeholdersandtheirinstitutions,includingananalysisoftheirengagementwithpastoralists,andtheiropinionsonchallengesandpoliciesaffectingpastoralistlivelihoodsystems.
Third,
adeskbasedreviewofthe2011UNprojectdatabaseallowedaprofilingoftheagenciesandprojectsthattargetpastoralistsorpastoralistlivestockproduction.Theresultsanddiscussionofthethreeanalyticalapproacheswerecompiledina“PastoralistsStakeholderMappingReport”,andinthisshortreportwesummarizeanddrawthemostimportanthighlightsfromthereport.1.
 
Stakeholderidentification
Thefirststageinvolvedtheidentificationofbroadstakeholdergroups,withaninitialbrainstormingbytheprojectteam(Tufts,UNEP,SOSSahel)followedbyreviewing,furthercharacterizationandcross-checkingatamulti-stakeholdergroupmeetinginKhartoum.Intotal14broadstakeholdergroupswereidentified.Thisprocessinturninformedthedevelopmentofthestakeholderquestionnaireforthesecondstageofthemapping,andensuredtheinclusionofinternational,nationalandsub-nationallevels.2.
 
Questionnairesurvey
Trainedenumeratorsconductedface-to-faceinterviewswithstakeholderscoveringeightstatesinNorthSudanincluding:Khartoum,NorthandSouthDarfur,NorthandSouthKordofan,BlueNileState,SinnarStateandGedaref.CoverageofthesurveywasfurtherexpandedbysimultaneouslyundertakingareplicaonlinesurveydistributedbyemailtonationalandinternationalstakeholdersbothinSudanandabroad.Snowballsampling,whichencouragedrespondentstonameotherpotentialintervieweesorforwardtheonlinesurveylink,wasusedtoincreasecoverageofthesurveybeyondtheinitialsample.Thequestionnairecoveredtherespondent’sbackground,theirorganization,sectoralfocusandprogrammaticengagementwithpastoralists.Italsoaskedtheiropinionsonchallengesandpolicyissuesaffectingpastoralistlivelihoodsystems.ThesurveytookplaceduringFebruarytoMarch2011,withtheonlinesurveyopenforrespondentsfor6months.
3.
 
AnalysisoftheUNprojectdatabase
Anexcelfilelistingtheprojectsinthe2011UNdatabasewasobtainedfromtheUNOfficeofResidentCoordinator/HumanitarianCoordinator(UNORC/HC).Atotalof479
3
projectslistedonthedatabasewitha
 
 June, 2012
3
totalvalueof$137,788,159,wereselectedforfurtheranalysis.Theseprojectswerereviewedtodetermine:thescaleanddistributionofagencyengagementwithpastoralists,theprogrammaticorsectoralfocus,andtoidentifytheorganizationswithpastoralistsastheirtargetcommunities.
Limitationsofthestudy:
Itshouldbenotedthatthestudyisanoverviewofstakeholders,theiractivitiesandperspectivesoncertainissues.Itisnotacomprehensiveanalysisoncapacities,effectivenessandimpacts.ItisnotpossiblefromtheUNdatabasetoaccuratelyestimatethebudgetdedicatedtopastoralists,astheseareusuallyincorporatedintoprojectsthatareaimedatabroaderpopulationorothersectorsnotbenefittingpastoralists.Inordertoimproveestimates,twoseparateestimatesweremade,includingthoselivelihoodprogramswith“significant”pastoralcomponentsandthosewithfarsmallerpastoralistcomponents.However,eventhosewithsignificantcomponentsappearedtobelessthan20%relatingtopastoralists.
Part2:Results
2.1Who’sWho?
StakeholderIdentificationandMapping
Pastoralistsasagroupandpastoralismasalivestockproductionsystemencompassmultiplewide-ranginginterestsacrosssectors,disciplines,stateandnon-stategroups.Intotalsome14broadstakeholdercategorieswereidentified,including:1.
 
Government,FederalandStateLevelsforPoliticalandCivilAdministration.2.
 
PastoralistGroups(wheretheyhaveadistinctgroupidentity)andCustomary/LocalGovernance3.
 
InternationalOrganizations4.
 
NonStateActors5.
 
UniversitiesandResearchInstitutions6.
 
International–NationalUniversitiesbilateralagreementsandinitiatives7.
 
OtherLivelihoodGroups8.
 
TradersandConsumers9.
 
PrivateSector10.
 
ArmedGroups11.
 
Media12.
 
RegionalBodies13.
 
FinancialInstitutions14.
 
International–NationalInitiativesWithineachcategory,therearemultiplesub-categories;departments,units,etc.,someofwhomhavespecificresponsibilitiesthatinfluenceorimpactpastoralismandpastoralistlivelihoods.
KeyGovernmentDepartments
AsthisprojectisconcernedwithbothpastoralismasalivelihoodsystemandpastoralistsascitizensofSudan,awiderangeofgovernmentministriesatbothfederalandstatelevelarerelevant.Amoredetailedbreakdownofministries,departmentsandtheirroleandfunctionandrelevancetopastoralismisavailableinthefullreport.TheMinistryofAnimalResourcesandFisheries(MARF)isofparticularinterestandimportancetolivestockproducers.Despitethefocusonlivestock,thereislittleacknowledgementoftheimportanceofpastoralistlivestockproduction.GenerallyMARFisorientedtowardscommercialproductivity–qualityandquantity,andgeneratingexportrevenues.ThenewthreeyeareconomicstrategyforSudanhighlightsthreeaimsforthe

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->