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1.1Meno
1.2A Priori
1.3Relevance
1.5How Do We Know?
1.6Modality
1.7Cogency
1.8Deduction
1.9Whence the Premises?
2.1Euclid
2.2The Fifth Postulate
2.3Non-Euclidean Geometries
2.4Formal and Physical Geometry
2.5Conceptual Constraints
2.6Which Geometry?
2.7The Theory of Groups
2.8Pythagorean Geometry Has a Better Metric
2.9Desargues
2.10Conclusions
3.1More Geometrico
3.2Formalising
3.3Maximum Cogency
3.5Meaning and Interpretation
3.6Epistemological Formalism
3.7The Logicist Programme
4.1Etymology
4.2The Uses of Numbers
4.3How Many?
4.4Nought
4.5Quotifiers and Quotities
4.6Frege’s Extensions and Sets
5.1The Superlative Approach
5.2Dedekind’s Successor
5.3And So On
5.4Grounding the Ordinals
5.5How to Count
5.6Ordinals and Cardinals
5.7Conclusion
6.1The Third Approach
6.2Peano
6.3Monomorphism and Non-standard Models
6.4Immigration Control
6.5The Fifth Postulate
6.6Sorites Arithmetic
6.7Dialogues
6.8Recursive Reasoning
6.9The Natural Numbers
7.1In Defence of Doubt
7.2Cardinality
7.3The Mostest
7.4Characterization of Intuitionism
7.5Proofs and Dialogues
7.6Verificationist Arguments for Intuitionism
7.7Selective Scepticism
7.8Ultrafinitism
7.9Lax Finitism
7.10Actualising Potentiality
7.11All
8.1Pons Asinorum
8.2The Flavour of the Gödelian Argument
8.3Gödel Numbering
8.4Translation
8.5Diagonalization
8.6Conditions
8.7Corollaries and Consequences
8.8Church’s Theorem and Turing’s Theorem
8.9Gödel’s Second Theorem
8.10Mechanism
8.11Gödel’s Theorem and Provability
9.1Logic
9.2Equivalence Relations
9.3Functions
9.4Identity in Difference
9.5Ordering Relations
9.6Macrostructure and Microstructure
9.7The Continuum
9.8The Marriage of Equivalence with Order
9.9Converse Transitivity
9.11Lattices and Set Theory
9.12Trees and Mereology
10.1Togetherness
10.2Axiomatic Approaches
10.8More Mereology
11.1Quantum? and Quot?
11.2The Point of Measuring
11.3Equivalence Structures
11.5Limits and Zero
11.6Zeno
11.7Measures and Numbers
12.4Formal Approaches
12.6The Axiom of Choice
12.7The Continuum Hypotheses
12.8Axioms and Existence
13.3Boolean Plus
13.4Iterated Modalities
13.5Completeness
13.7Second-order Logic
13.8Analytic and A Priori Truth
14.1Synthetic A Priori?
14.2Not Seeing But Doing
14.3Pattern Recognition
14.4Lakatos
14.5Cogency and Dialogue
14.6On Behalf of the Fool
14.7Hilbert
14.8The Bed Theory of Truth
14.9Mathematical Knowledge
15.1Existence and Reality
15.2Self-Subsistent Objects
15.3Meaning and Impredicativity
15.4Bivalence and Determinacy
15.5Competing Truths
15.6Contingency and Structure
15.7Coherence and Depth
15.8Laws of the Laws of Nature
15.9Chastened Isms
Envoi
Summaries
Index
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Ebooksclub.org Conceptual Roots of Mathematics an Essay on the Philosophy of Mathematics

# Ebooksclub.org Conceptual Roots of Mathematics an Essay on the Philosophy of Mathematics

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02/05/2014

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