To eel how a layer o at helps insulatethe body rom the chilling eects o cold water.
About hal a class period or so
• A can or two of Crisco shortening• A dozen or more quart-sized zipping plastic bags• Duct Tape• Several basins of icy, cold water
Measure one cup o shortening and place
it in a quart-sized zipping plastic bag. Turn a second
bag inside out and put it inside the bag with the shortening, being sure to reverse the zipper tr
cks. Zipthe bags together. For added protection, seal the bags around the zipper with duct tape. Push the short-ening around, rom the outside, to distribute it evenly in the “mitt.”For each mitt with shortening make an empty mitt, without shortening. These mitts will be used to com-pare with the insulated models.Give each student a chance to place one hand in an empty mitt and one in an insulated mitt (with theshortening). Then ask the student to place both hands in a basin or sink o icy, cold water. What happens?(Since this process doesn’t take very long, you can get by with making only a ew sets o mitts and takingturns with them.)
Activity 1: Why Puns Don’t Freeze
© 2011 by Project Pun The weather on Neversink is pretty dreadul—rugged, wintry, windy and bleak or most o the year. Howdoes a little pun like Lockley keep warm in spite o deep Arctic chill? All it takes is a
lubber—alayer o at beneath the skin. Try this experiment to see what we mean.
While it is well known that marine mammals suchas whales, seals, and polar bears have thick layers o at to helpkeep them warm, northern seabirds such as puns also rely oninternal layers o at to help them survive rigid arctic waters. This at, combined with their external water-repelling and air-trapping coat o eathers, allows seabirds to live in a seeminglyharsh environment. (Older students could research other adap-tations to the cold, or birds as well as other lie orms.)
Photo courtesy o Stephen Kressand www.projectpun.org
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