(H2O) is the most abundant compound onEarth's surface, covering about 70%. In nature, itexists in liquid, solid, and gaseous states. It is indynamic equilibrium between the liquid and gas statesat standard temperature and pressure. At roomtemperature, it isa tasteless and odorless liquid, nearly colorless witha hint of blue. Many substances dissolve in water andit is commonly referred to as the universal solvent.Because of this, water in nature and in use is rarelypure and some of its properties may vary slightly fromthose of the pure substance. However, there are alsomany compounds that are essentially, if notcompletely, insoluble in water. Water is the onlycommon substance found naturally in all three commonstates of matter and it is essential for all life onEarth. Water usually makes up 55% to 78% of thehuman body.