Stimulus PackageFor the Nation’s Ailing Water Supply Infrastructure
Today’s U.S. national water supply infrastructure is in need of repair
About 12.5% of the freshwater we use each year is for public water supply.
In 1950, about 60% of U.S. population obtained its freshwater from public supply; today about 85%. Between 1950-2000public water consumption tripled. There are 74,400 water systems in the U.S.
For some watersystems, only about 60%-70% of the treated water reaches the customer.
Real losses occur fromleaks and line breaks. Also, not all the water that reaches the customer is properly measured orpaid for as revenue losses occur from old, inaccurate meters. Water systems are under increasingpressure to improve aging treatment technology to deliver safe water to the public. Community andnon-community water systems will need to invest $276.8 billion over the next 20 years to meet de-ferred maintenance on aging water distribution systems and water treatment plants, and for supplyaugmentation.
TVA Kingston plant coal ash spill - Dec. 22, 2008Atlanta reservoir - 2007 100-year droughtDec 23, 2008 water main break, Bethesda, MD
CAPITAL MARKETS RESEARCH
Lyle Brecht - January 9, 2009
Economic Stimulus Package for Water Systems Infrastructure1
U.S. annual freshwater use in 2000: 39.7% irrigation; 39.4% thermoelectric power; 12.5% public supply;5.4% industrial; 3.0% self-supplied domestic, livestock, aquaculture, mining. “Estimated Use of Water in theUnited States in 2000,” USGS (rev. February 2005).
For example, there are 484 active community pubic water systems and approximately 500 non-communitypublic water systems in Tennessee. Approximately 133 of the community systems buy their water from an-other water system. Of the 351 community water systems with their own water supply, 148 use surface wa-ter, 158 use underground aquifers and 45 use ground water that is inﬂuenced by surface water.
AWWA Water Loss Control Committee, “Applying Worldwide BMPs in Water Loss Control,”
95:8 (August 2003), 65-79.
‘2003 Drinking Water Infrastructure Needs Survey and Assessment,” USEPA, released in 2005, is basedon data collected from utilities in 2003. EPA found that the nation's 53,000 community water systems and21,400 not-for-proﬁt non-community water systems will need to invest an estimated $276.8 billion between2003 and 2023.