Page 3une 2012
. On 22 June, Najaifi indicated that Maliki would be summoned before parliament within days for ques-tioning and stated that he thought Maliki “should step down from the job that he barely won” after national elections in 2010 failedto produce a clear victor.
Middle East Online
reported that on 27 June Maliki called for early elections amidst his growing unpopu-
larity. Although calling for early elections, it isunclear how and when they will be held, reports
. The mandate of Iraq’s Inde- pendent High Electoral Commission, which is responsible for holding elections, is set to expire July 2012 with no named replace-ment.
On 08 June, the Iraqi justice ministry announced that Abed Hamid Hmoud, Saddam Hussein’s personal secretary, wasexecuted byhanging,according to
. Hmoud, a distant cousin of the deposed dictator, was executed for persecuting members of the Shi’iteopposition and other religious parties banned under Hussein. The last execution of a former regime official took place in January2010 when “Chemical Ali”, was also hanged. Hussein’s long
term foreign minister, Tariq Aziz, was sentenced to death in 2010 andis still awaiting execution.
Iraq’s Hezbollah Secretary said in an interview on 09 June that the people of Iraq should be allowed to vote for a country governed bySharia law,or to continue with the “fake” democracy that is currently in place, reports
. Wathiq al Battat stated, “[w]ehave yet to see a successful system governing Iraq”, further saying that only an Islamic government, which is based on Sharia andincludes both Sunnis and Shiites could successfully lead Iraq.
The European Union Integrated Rule of Law Mission in Iraq (EUJUST LEX
Iraq) steadily continues to improve the lives of Iraqis ina post
. The mission is making headway in educating and training Iraqi judges, policeofficers and prison governors in good governance practices. On 07 June,
Iraq Business News
reports the appointment of MichaelAron as the United Kingdom’sAmbassador to Iraq.Aron assumes his post immediately.
The Wall Street Journal
reports that the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is preparing to halve its presence from“wartime lev-els” in Iraq. The move is largely a result of Iraq’s desire to have a smaller US presence in the country.
reports that election authorities in Iraq’s autonomous Kurdish region indefinitely postponed provincial polls scheduledfor September 2012 because of laws that restrictminority voting rights.Iraq’s Independent High Electoral Commission (IHEC) said
Kurdish regional laws only allowed Christians to vote for candidates from their religious community, thereby restricting their humanrights. “They [the Kurdish government] postponed the elections indefinitely and, after reaching an agreement over the law of provin-cial councils, they will announce a new date”, IHEC chief Faraj Al Haidari said at a news conference in Erbil.
Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)
, the Iraqi government has extended the UN Assistance Mission in Iraq (UNAMI)for another year .UNAMI is tasked with coordinating UN efforts in Iraq in addition to supporting relations between Iraq and
Kuwait and Iraq’s response to relevant UN resolutions.
A United Nations envoy to Iraq expressed concern thatviolence could erupt again if the relocation of People’s Mojahedeen of Iran
(MeK) exiles does not continue to move forward after the arrival of a fifth group to the transition camp had stalled progress. The firstgroup of exiles moved to Camp Liberty on 18 February and the UN said that two
thirds of the Iranian exiles have been moved to atemporary transit location near Baghdad known as Camp Hurriya, formerly known as Camp Liberty, where a process to determinerefugee status is being carried out by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). UNAMI staff monitor thehuman rights and humanitarian situation during the relocation process and provide round
clock human rights monitoring atCamp Hurriya.
reports that six months after the withdrawal of US troops from Iraq, the country ismired in violence with the government on the verge of collapsing. There is growing talk among experts that Iraq is a “failed state” as al Qaedain Iraq besieged the country with daily attacks killing over 234 people in June 2012. Although the level of violence does notconstitute a civil war, many are concerned that Iraq “could limp along for years as an unstable and dangerous country”. The
Institute for War and Peace Reporting (IWPR)
reports that politicians from across the ethnic andreligious spectrum in the country agree that
the recent wave of attacks targeting Shi’ites was deliberate, intended to reignite sectarian violence.