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CFC: Iraq Monthly Thematic Report, July 2012

CFC: Iraq Monthly Thematic Report, July 2012

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Published by CFC Cimicweb
This document provides an overview of developments in Iraq for the month of June 2012, with hyper-links to source material highlighted and underlined in the text.
This document provides an overview of developments in Iraq for the month of June 2012, with hyper-links to source material highlighted and underlined in the text.

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Published by: CFC Cimicweb on Jul 12, 2012
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The Mediterranean Team Presents
 A Month In Review 
 June 2012Comprehensive Information on Complex Crises
Iraq Map of AttacksEconomic DevelopmentGovernance & Rule of LawHumanitarian AffairsSecuritySocio-cultural Development
The Civil-Military Fusion Centre(CFC) is an information and knowledge managementorganisation focused on improvingcivil-military interaction, facilitatinginformation sharing and enhancingsituational awareness through theCimicWeb portal and our weeklyand monthly publications.CFC products link to and are based on open-source information from awide variety of organisations,research centres and media sources.However, the CFC does not endorseand cannot necessarily guaranteethe accuracy or objectivity of thesesources.
CFC publications areindependently produced byDesk Officers and do notreflect NATO policies orpositions of any otherorganisation.
The CFC is part of NATO Allied Command Operations.For further information, contact:
Linda Lavender, Team Leader
linda.lavender@cimicweb.org The Mediterranean Teammediterranean@cimicweb.org 
Attacks in IRAQ
June 2012
Weekly Security Update 06 June
Weekly Security Update 13 June
Weekly Security Update 20 June
Weekly Security Update 27 June
The above, is a weekly reporting by AKE  of attacks occurring within Iraq. The map is organised by province.  An attack constitutes a bombing, shooting, rocket/mortar attack, kidnap or stabbing 
This document provides an overview of developments
in Iraq for the month of June 2012
 , with hyper-links to source material highlighted and underlined in the text. For more information on the topics belowor other issues pertaining to the region, please contact the members of the Mediterranean Basin Team,or visit our website atwww.cimicweb.org. 
Page 2une 2012
In order to meet the growing demand for information regarding the dynamic, complex events in Iraq, the CFC has begunpublishing special reports on the region in addition to our bi-weekly newsletters. Please send your recommendations for futurereport topics or requests for information (RFIs) to:mediterranean@cimicweb.org. 
reports that Iraq’s crude production rose to itshighest level in 20 years, with total output exceeding 3.07 million  barrels per day (bpd) this month.OPEC oil exports have benefitted from the extra levels of oil being produced by Iraq and Saudi Arabia even as Iranian supplies continue to decline, according to
. With Iraq’s increase in oil production andreduced levels of violence, as compared to the levels of violence during the civil war, the economy looks to be on therebound,ac- cording to
USA Today
. The Iraqi government hopes to expand production capability to 10 million bpd within six years. The Interna-tional Monetary Fund (IMF) forecasts that the Iraqi economy will grow by 11.1% in 2012 to approximately USD 144 billion. For-eign investment is up by 40% from 2011, according to experts.
In a move largely understood as an effort to control Kurdish oil production, Iraqi Prime Minister al Maliki sought President Obama’ssupport in a letter that maintained that ExxonMobil’s actions in the Kurdish region could have “dire consequences” for the country’sstability if allowed to move forward, reports
The Peninsula
. In December 2011, ExxonMobil signed an exploration agreement direct-ly with Kurdish officials, a move considered illegal by the Iraqi central government in Baghdad. Meanwhile, Kurdistan says it wouldsign more deals with major oil companies to raise its output five
fold. Also, Turkey signalled it was prepared to import oil directlyfrom Kurdistan in defiance of Baghdad and recent discussions between Turkish and Kurdish authorities to build oil pipelines fromKurdistan directly into Turkey is evidence of Turkey’s intention to deal directly with northern Iraq for its energy needs.On 11 June, the Norwegian oil company DNO International announced that it haddiscovered oil at Peshkabir 
1 well in Kurdistan,according to
United Press International (UPI).
Both DNO and its Turkish partner, Genel Energy, announced a goal of directly ex- porting 100,000 bpd from the Tawke field in Kurdistan by the end of the year but controversy surrounds these plans as the centralIraqi government views any agreements made with Kurdistan as illegal.
 Arabian Business
reports that Emirates Airlines will launch passenger service to Erbil, in the semi
autonomous region of Kurdistan.Service will initially run four times each week until 01 September when the airline will offer daily flights to the region’s capital.Qatar Airways has also expanded passenger service to Iraq,according to
 Iraq Business News
. The Doha
 based airline has announcedthat will now provide service to both Baghdad and Erbil with flights four times each week.
Economic DevelopmentGovernance & Rule of Law
Al Hashemi Trial
 Kurd Net 
reported thatthe trial of Sunni Vice President Tariq al Hashemi resumed 19 June with al Hashemi in absentia. The trial has ignited debate over the impartiality and effectiveness of Iraq’s judiciary, with his supporters criticising the Iraqicourts as politicised while others defend the courts’ conduct. Hashemi, who fled Iraq after charges that he had run a deathsquad from 2005 to 2007, has maintained his innocence claiming that the charges against him are politically motivated. Meanwhile,
 Agence France
reported that the court heard testimony thatsilencers for guns were found in raids on his house and that of his son
reports that since the withdrawal of US troops from Iraq in December 2011, concerns over Prime Minister Maliki’sgrowing power  have created a crisis within the country. Surprisingly, even fellow Shit’ites are saying that Maliki, who controls all Iraq’smilitary, security and intelligence forces, should leave office. In the aftermath of a spate of bombings in June, neighbouring Iran isconcerned that Maliki’s internal opposition may have gained enough strength to unseat the prime minister which could result inmore sectarian bloodshed. Even one time supporter, Sadrist leader Moqtadaal
Sadr ,called on Maliki to resign “for the sake of theIraqi people and the political partners”, according to
. As calls for a vote of no confidence increased throughout the earlydays of June,
 Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)
reported that the Iraqi prime minister claimed that some members of parliament were being blackmailed to withdraw their confidence from his government. Maliki indicated that the collecting of signatures of members of parliament (MPs) outside of parliament and forwarding the lists to President Jalal Talabani in efforts to initiate a no confidencemotion was “unconstitutional and illegal”. However, by 10 June it was clear that opposition to Maliki would not be able to muster the support necessary for ano confidence vote,according to
Gulf News
. Talabani indicated that parliamentary groups had not gaineda sufficient number of signatories having only received 160 of the 163 signatures necessary for a no confidence motion. Later in themonth, speaker of Iraq’s parliament Osama al Najaifi, a leader in the Sunni
dominated Iraqiya political coalition,reiterated that law- makers were prepared to oust Prime Minister Maliki if he continued to be unwilling to “share authority with his political oppo-
Page 3une 2012
nents”, reports
Gulf Today
. On 22 June, Najaifi indicated that Maliki would be summoned before parliament within days for ques-tioning and stated that he thought Maliki “should step down from the job that he barely won” after national elections in 2010 failedto produce a clear victor.
 Middle East Online
reported that on 27 June Maliki called for early elections amidst his growing unpopu- larity. Although calling for early elections, it isunclear how and when they will be held, reports
. The mandate of Iraq’s Inde- pendent High Electoral Commission, which is responsible for holding elections, is set to expire July 2012 with no named replace-ment.
On 08 June, the Iraqi justice ministry announced that Abed Hamid Hmoud, Saddam Hussein’s personal secretary, wasexecuted byhanging,according to
. Hmoud, a distant cousin of the deposed dictator, was executed for persecuting members of the Shi’iteopposition and other religious parties banned under Hussein. The last execution of a former regime official took place in January2010 when “Chemical Ali”, was also hanged. Hussein’s long
term foreign minister, Tariq Aziz, was sentenced to death in 2010 andis still awaiting execution.
Iraq’s Hezbollah Secretary said in an interview on 09 June that the people of Iraq should be allowed to vote for a country governed bySharia law,or to continue with the “fake” democracy that is currently in place, reports
al Arabiya
. Wathiq al Battat stated, “[w]ehave yet to see a successful system governing Iraq”, further saying that only an Islamic government, which is based on Sharia andincludes both Sunnis and Shiites could successfully lead Iraq.
International Relations
The European Union Integrated Rule of Law Mission in Iraq (EUJUST LEX
Iraq) steadily continues to improve the lives of Iraqis ina post
violence context, according to
 News Europe
. The mission is making headway in educating and training Iraqi judges, policeofficers and prison governors in good governance practices. On 07 June,
 Iraq Business News
reports the appointment of MichaelAron as the United Kingdom’sAmbassador to Iraq.Aron assumes his post immediately.
The Wall Street Journal 
reports that the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is preparing to halve its presence from“wartime lev-els” in Iraq. The move is largely a result of Iraq’s desire to have a smaller US presence in the country.
Gulf Today
reports that election authorities in Iraq’s autonomous Kurdish region indefinitely postponed provincial polls scheduledfor September 2012 because of laws that restrictminority voting rights.Iraq’s Independent High Electoral Commission (IHEC) said Kurdish regional laws only allowed Christians to vote for candidates from their religious community, thereby restricting their humanrights. “They [the Kurdish government] postponed the elections indefinitely and, after reaching an agreement over the law of provin-cial councils, they will announce a new date”, IHEC chief Faraj Al Haidari said at a news conference in Erbil.
ccording to
 Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)
, the Iraqi government has extended the UN Assistance Mission in Iraq (UNAMI)for another year .UNAMI is tasked with coordinating UN efforts in Iraq in addition to supporting relations between Iraq and Kuwait and Iraq’s response to relevant UN resolutions.
A United Nations envoy to Iraq expressed concern thatviolence could erupt again if the relocation of People’s Mojahedeen of Iran (MeK) exiles does not continue to move forward after the arrival of a fifth group to the transition camp had stalled progress. The firstgroup of exiles moved to Camp Liberty on 18 February and the UN said that two
thirds of the Iranian exiles have been moved to atemporary transit location near Baghdad known as Camp Hurriya, formerly known as Camp Liberty, where a process to determinerefugee status is being carried out by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). UNAMI staff monitor thehuman rights and humanitarian situation during the relocation process and provide round
clock human rights monitoring atCamp Hurriya.
Humanitarian AffairsSecurity
 ssociated Press
reports that six months after the withdrawal of US troops from Iraq, the country ismired in violence with the government on the verge of collapsing. There is growing talk among experts that Iraq is a “failed state” as al Qaedain Iraq besieged the country with daily attacks killing over 234 people in June 2012. Although the level of violence does notconstitute a civil war, many are concerned that Iraq “could limp along for years as an unstable and dangerous country”. The
 Institute for War and Peace Reporting (IWPR)
reports that politicians from across the ethnic andreligious spectrum in the country agree that the recent wave of attacks targeting Shi’ites was deliberate, intended to reignite sectarian violence.

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