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Felon Disenfranchisement Report Shapiro

Felon Disenfranchisement Report Shapiro

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Published by WomenInTheWorld

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Published by: WomenInTheWorld on Jul 12, 2012
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State-Level Estimates of FelonDisenfranchisement in theUnited States, 2010
Christopher Uggen and Sarah Shannon,University of MinnesotaJeff Manza, New York University
July 2012
This report was written by Christopher Uggen, Professor of Sociologyat the University of Minnesota; Sarah Shannon, Ph.D. candidate atthe University of Minnesota; and Jeff Manza, Professor of Sociologyat New York University.
For further information:The Sentencing Project1705 DeSales St., NW8
FloorWashington, D.C. 20036(202) 628-0871www.sentencingproject.org 
The Sentencing Project is a national non-profit organization engagedin research and advocacy on criminal justice issues.The work of The Sentencing Project is supported by many individualdonors and contributions from the following:Morton K. and Jane Blaustein FoundationFord FoundationBernard F. and Alva B. Gimbel FoundationGeneral Board of Global Ministries of the United Methodist ChurchJK Irwin FoundationOpen Society FoundationsPublic Welfare FoundationDavid Rockefeller FundElizabeth B. and Arthur E. Roswell FoundationTikva Grassroots Empowerment Fund of Tides FoundationWallace Global FundWorking Assets/CREDOCopyright @ 2012 by The Sentencing Project. Reproduction of thisdocument in full or in part, and in print or electronic format, only bypermission of The Sentencing Project
he United States is one of the world’s strictest nations when it comes todenying the right to vote to citizens convicted of crimes. A remarkable 5.85million Americans are forbidden to vote because of “felondisenfranchisement,” or laws restricting voting rights for those convicted of felony-level crimes. In this election year, the question of voting restrictions is once againreceiving great public attention. This report is intended to update and expand ourprevious work on the scope and distribution of felon disenfranchisement in theUnited States (see Uggen and Manza 2002; Manza and Uggen 2006). The numberspresented here represent our best assessment of the state of felondisenfranchisement as of December 31, 2010, the most recent year for whichcomplete data are available. Our goal is to provide statistics that will helpcontextualize and anticipate the potential effects of felon disenfranchisement onelections in November 2012.
 Our key findings include the following:
 Approximately 2.5 percent of the total U.S. voting age population – 1 of every 40 adults – is disenfranchised due to a current or previous felony conviction.
Ex-felons in the eleven states that disenfranchise people after they havecompleted their sentences make up about 45 percent of the entiredisenfranchised population, totaling over 2.6 million people.
 The number of people disenfranchised due to a felony conviction hasescalated dramatically in recent decades as the population under criminaljustice supervision has increased. There were an estimated 1.17 millionpeople disenfranchised in 1976, 3.34 million in 1996, and over 5.85 million in2010.
Rates of disenfranchisement vary dramatically by state due to broad variations in voting prohibitions. In six states – Alabama, Florida, Kentucky,Mississippi, Tennessee, and Virginia – more than 7 percent of the adultpopulation is disenfranchised.
1 of every 13 African Americans of voting age is disenfranchised, a rate morethan four times greater than non-African Americans. Nearly 7.7 percent of 

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