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Sodium Thiosulfate

Sodium Thiosulfate

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Published by Raymond Ebbeler
The Application of Sodium Thiosulfate As A Solvent for Extraction Multiple Industries
The Application of Sodium Thiosulfate As A Solvent for Extraction Multiple Industries

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Published by: Raymond Ebbeler on Jul 12, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Sodium thiosulfate is a colorless, crystalline solid with a melting point of 48 degrees C. It is freelysoluble in water. It contains five molecules of water as water crystallization. At 48 degrees C, thesodium thiosulfate melts; at 215 degrees C, it loses all its five molecules of water; and above 220degrees C, it is converted into sodium tetrasulfide.Other People Are ReadingUses for Sodium ThiosulphateIs Sodium Thiosulfate Anhydrous Safe to Put in Swimming Pools?Print this articleIodometryIn analytical chemistry, sodium thiosulfate is used for the determination of the strength of agiven solution of iodine. Sodium thiosulfate is preferred in iodometric analysis due to the fact thatsodium thiosulfate is oxidized by iodine.It is also used to determine the strength of many oxidizing agents, such potassium dichromate,potassium permanganate and copper sulfate, which, on reacting with excess KI (potassium iodide)solution, liberate iodine. The liberated iodine is titrated with a standard solution of sodiumthiosulfate.Photographic ProcessingSodium thiosulfate is also used as a fixer in photography. The negative plate or film obtainedat the end of photographic development with a reducing agent (i.e., potassium ferrous oxalate,pyrogallol) contains AgBr which has not been light-activated and reduced to Ag metal. This istreated with sodium thiosulfate solution so that AgBr is removed as a soluble complex compound.This process is known as "fixing" of the negative plate or film.HealthcareSodium thiosulfate is used to treat arsenic poisoning, primarily because it is relativelyinexpensive and non-toxic. Sodium thiosulfate is proven to be effective in the treatment of copper poisoning when it is applied together with sodium molybdate. It has been also recommended in thetreatment of cyanide poisoning.Gold ExtractionSodium thiosulfate is employed in the extraction of gold and silver. Sodium thiosulfate forms astrong complex compound during reactions with gold and silver. The newly formed substances arehighly soluble in water, so the target metals (gold and silver) can be leached by thiosulfate.FisheriesSodium thiosulfate is used as a dechlorination agent in neutralizing chlorine and iodine solutionsat aquaculture or hatchery facilities. Chlorine is a toxic element, and excess chlorine could beharmful to fish and crustaceans, so it is important to remove chlorine by disinfecting tanks andequipment using sodium thiosulfate before introducing the stock.Textile IndustrySodium thiosulfate is applied as an antichlor to remove excess chlorine from bleached articles inthe textile industry.Read more: Use of Sodium Thiosulphate | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/about_5348985_use-

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